Industry Profile: Jim Fleming

— By Larry LeBlanc

This week In the Hot Seat: Jim Fleming, chairman, Fleming Artists.

The head office of Fleming Artists is located in a modest building at the edge of a residential neighborhood in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

The agency was founded there in 1979 by Jim Fleming who had been on track for a career as an academic administrator before being lured away by the excitement of promoting music shows and booking acts.

Fleming Artists has recently grown to two further locations, New York and Melbourne, Australia. Its six agents will book nearly 3,000 shows this year.

This formidable agency represents over 60 acts, most of whom have careers not driven by record sales and radio play but, instead, by touring and a steady stream of live performances.

Its roster includes Ani DiFranco, Tom Paxton, Krista Detor, Garnet Rogers, Martyn Joseph, Toad the Wet Sprocket, the Verve Pipe, Lucy Kaplansky, Jill Sobule, Ellis Paul; actor/singer/songwriter Jeff Daniels; and Ann Arbor techno pop group, My Dear Disco.

Two years ago, Fleming Artists began a significant restructuring. With the addition of the Australian office at the time, and the creation of operations and artist development divisions, founder and president Jim Fleming set out to reposition the company over next few years.

Fleming was then named chairman while Adam Bauer, who had joined the agency in 1999, was promoted to president, heading the overall operations of the agency. As well, Susie Giang was named VP.

In February, Fleming tapped Jordan Burger, formerly of The Agency Group, to helm the company’s newly-established office in New York. Burger brought to the fold a strong artist roster that includes Will Hoge, Patrizio Buanne, Vienna Teng, Civil Twilight, Teitur, the Spring Standards, the Alternate Routes and Katie Herzig.

In a joint statement, Fleming and Bauer said “We are excited that, in a time of so much uncertainty, we are in a position to bring an agent of Jordan’s caliber to Fleming Artists. As we continue our growth into 2010, this venture will allow us to better service our roster and broaden our ability to compete with more agencies.”

Born and raised in the factory town of Portsmouth in southern Ohio, Fleming grew up in a blue-collar household. In high school, he raised money for the Catholic students’ mission crusade that helped poor people in the area. That evolved into him promoting his first show at 18—a financial disaster—while he was a summer counselor for the Neighborhood Youth Corps.

Fleming attended Ohio University in Athens, Ohio where he became involved in student activities, both as a promoter of concerts and a film and speaker series. Among his first bookings was controversial Yippie leader Abbie Hoffman. Fleming also served as a co-director of the Southern Ohio Folk Festival.

He next applied to Michigan State University in Ann Arbor as a graduate assistant. While there, he started a music series called Mariah that featured Bonnie Raitt and Little Feat; John Prine and Steve Goodman; and Lightnin’ Hopkins, and the James Cotton Blues Band.

A couple of years later, he was asked to be an assistant VP at Chicago State University. He soon became acting VP for student affairs there. However, when a friend asked Fleming to return to Michigan and start a theatre, he jumped at the chance.

Fleming and his friends established the Black Sheep Repertory Theater in Manchester, Michigan. On off-nights and weekends, the theater hosted touring acts including Muddy Waters, and Chicago’s Second City troupe.

At the time, Second City rarely performed outside Chicago. Fleming approached Second City producer Joyce Sloane and asked if he could line up further work for the troupe. She agreed.

Fleming Artist Management (as it was then named) kicked off with Texas singer/songwriter Jim Post and Second City as its core clients. Over two decades, Fleming helped the comedy troupe develop into a popular national touring company.

During this time, the agency—which became Fleming, Tamulevich & Associates when David Tamulevich joined as a partner in the early ‘80s-- developed an international reputation with a roster that included such folk-based icons as Tom Paxton, Ani DiFranco, and the late Stan Rogers. Tamulevich, who left in 2002, is currently a partner in The Roots Agency.

You seem to be one those people still moving forward and looking to the future.

I was sitting backstage in Adelaide (Australia) two or three weeks ago with Peter Noble (co-founder of the East Coast Blues & Roots Festival in Byron Bay, New South Wales) who runs one of the best festivals in the world. Peter just turned 60, and I will be turning 60 in April. He’s currently building onto his infrastructure. He looked at me and said, “Here you and I are Jim. We’re in our 60s, and we’re doing all of these new things. Everyone else is retiring.”

Not a bunch of folkies sitting around drinking apple cider? Your agency once had that folksy image, though it wasn’t quite true in reality.

No, it wasn’t true. It was never true but it was the image. I’m not sure why it existed, but it did. I am so proud to still represent some of these wonderful (folk-based) artists and I don’t run away from that (history). But I don’t want people to misconstrue what we are or where we are heading. Or what we are capable of. We can represent someone for the clubs, but we can also represent someone for the sheds. We know how to cut deals. We know what to provide promoters with so they can pull off a successful show.

We are very sophisticated in that regard.

What we are trying to do is to say to people, “Pay attention to what we really are.” We want to make sure that people aren’t stuck on this idea of what we were 10 or 15 years ago. It is a whole new agency.

Following Paradigm’s buyout of Monterey Peninsula Artists, Little Big Man Booking, and Ellis Industries; as well as the merger of William Morris and Endeavor, Is there room now in the market for a competitive independent?

I think so. I admire all of those companies. They are wonderful companies. But I do believe that there is room for an agency like ours in the future. We are trying to service the needs of artists beyond just the booking. We are offering them some new services here. We have in-house marketing now that (marketing director) Don Kline is running. He’s looking after new media and social networking for some of our artists. Sometimes, they don’t have the time or the inclination to do that. But, in terms of getting that dialogue going with fans, and in terms of helping the promoters to strengthen the connections between the artists, their fans, and the promoters, we felt it was necessary to develop a division like that.

You receive about 400 unsolicited requests for representation annually?

It’s hard to keep track, but it’s accurate to say between 300 and 400. We probably pick up 5 acts a year now. We can handle a few more artists now. It’s not a lot. As we often say, it’s not a reflection on their artistry (when we turn an artist down). It is just that we really try to keep a handle on not taking on too much. We still have to be proactive in finding our artists work.

Have you gotten good at saying no?

Yeah. I think in a very respectful way.

It is hard to say no if you do like the act.

Yeah, but we are having to do less with developing type acts. We have such a great infrastructure, and we have really experienced agents. So we are at the point where we are trying to attract artists to the roster that are established. That we can start (booking) when they walk in the door and, hopefully, turn over new opportunities for them that they didn’t have previously.

There are a lot of mature acts out there today, looking for label, management or booking representation.

We have a lot of those (mature) artists on the roster but what we’re looking to do is build for the future. We are signing a lot of the younger artists, and we are taking the careers of the younger artists that we have and setting those as priorities in terms of developing their touring circuits further, and developing their opportunities. We are trying to get them into festivals and all of those things.

With the recession, has it been a tough booking year?

We are doing about the same volume of dates. I would say that some of the other kind of numbers are down in terms of what the artists are earning. But when you say “tough booking year” I think that our artists are working as much, for the most part, that they want to work. A lot of our artists have solid fan bases, and (people) seem to still come out for shows despite the economy. We aren’t getting hit really bad. We know there’s a recession, but we have had to kind of ignore it, and just forge ahead.

Are you hearing about tough times from any promoters?

On occasion, but not as much as you would think that we might be. At the beginning of last year, I have to tell you that I was worried. I thought, “Oh my God, we are going to do 70% of what we did the previous year.” And we didn’t. We were closer to probably 95%. I thought that was pretty good considering the economy. But, yes we’re hearing from some promoters. There are promoters who have gone out of business. There are festivals that didn’t happen this past summer because their sales were slow the previous year. But, for the most part, we’re moving forward, and I feel that a lot of our promoters are too. They seem to be pretty solid.

Live music can be a release from day-to-day life.

It is also that the music is very empowering at a time when things are tough. (People) do want to go out there and hear these messages of hope. The other thing is that promoters are learning that they have to scale (down) some of the tickets--more than they used to in the past. They can’t charge $250 for a ticket. I always had concerns about those high ticket prices in some markets because sometimes it took all of the money out of the market. If people went out once for this show, they couldn’t go out to anything else.

There are still high ticket prices.

That’s remarkable to me. With a lot of promoters that we work with—and we work with a lot of independent promoters and venues as well as with Live Nation and AEG—one place that we have seen a change is that they are pricing differently so they can go for volume. I think that volume is ultimately what will protect us in a (economic) situation like this.

Was it business as usual while awaiting the Department of Justice’s decision on the merger of Live Nation and Ticketmaster Entertainment?

For me, it’s always been business as usual. I read the New York Times every day and I read the Wall Street Journal and all of these (news) things, but I don’t know what they mean to me ultimately. I can’t sit here, and not go and try to find people work because I might be worried about what might happen with Live Nation or Lehman Brothers (which filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on Sept. 15, 2008). You just forge ahead. Perhaps, the hallmark of my career has been that I put my head down, and I move ahead. It’s not that I’m oblivious, and that I don’t pay attention to trends, but I don’t know on a day-to-day basis how much they affect me or the artists that I represent.

Why open an office in New York this year?

I’m going to give you the very honest response to that question. I feel really good about what we have been able to accomplish in Ann Arbor. There’s part of me--that hard headed Irish/Scot in me, I suppose--that wanted to show that it could be done from here. But, I felt like we got to the point that we had hit a ceiling and we needed to have a presence in New York. So we could be looked at more seriously by a lot of artists out there and, specifically, by their managers, as (a company) which could provide more for them beyond what we are capable of doing here (in Ann Arbor). The other thing is that a great opportunity presented itself.

You had explored having offices in New York and Nashville in the past.

We didn’t feel that we had found the right connection. Then the opportunity presented itself with Jordan (Burger), who had left The Agency Group. He and Adam (Bauer) had worked together on a few tours where our artists were on tour with his artists. We thought, “That’s a really good match. Jordan is a great guy, and he’s a hell of an agent.” So we reached out to him. He had other people who were reaching out to him as well. He came out here a couple times. He hit it off with everybody here, and we all hit it off with him. We felt that we were all on the same page philosophically. He’s a big music lover and passionate about what he does. So we said, “Okay this is the time to pursue this.”

Jordan is ambitious and he wants to grow that office there. We’ve rented space on Madison at 27th in Windup Record’s offices. It is Jordan and an assistant (Brian Greene). Jordan brought about 10 artists with him. All just wonderful artists that folded kind of naturally into our roster.

What advantages will having a presence in New York bring to the company?

Why we did New York is that we wanted to expand the opportunities (of the company). What we have here, besides really great agents, is a wonderful infrastructure. We felt that we could plug (more) artists into that infrastructure. We would like to also start plugging higher profile artists into that structure. We are going to be out there, and we will be competitive with some of the larger agencies. So that when people are looking at signing to a agency where they want to further develop the touring of an artist that they manage, we are taken into consideration.

Two years ago you opened an office in Melbourne, Australia.

John Sinclair and I have been colleagues for years. I felt that there was an opportunity there because we were sending people down there and, on occasion, I was bringing Australian artists here. I was there in 2006 meeting with John and checking out the scene. He told me what he wanted in terms of the artists he wanted to tour down there, and I said what I wanted was a presence down there. For many of our artists, once they’ve toured North America quite a few times, it’s smart to develop new markets. It is also interesting to them to go to somewhere like Australia and, if we can throw New Zealand into the mix, all the better.

For decades American folk performers generally restricted their international touring to England and Europe.

What you are saying is correct. But I think you go to the markets that want you. Europe is something that we have never tried to crack from here. I have relationships there with Ani (DiFranco) being with Nigel Hassler who has just moved to CAA over there.

We have a number of artists on our roster that we don’t represent for Europe because Europe is better represented by an agent there. So we have formed an association (with agents there). Nigel has looked after Ani in Europe for some time. People like Lucy Kaplansky go over there quite often. Krista Detor, who I represent, left for Europe last week.

With Ani, we hope to go back to Europe in the fall. Last year, she was in Australia and did some work on the western side of the country with the Waifs. Then, she did the eastern side of the country by herself, and she did some festivals. We had her play Singapore too. She will go to Australia every 2 or 2 1/2 years, and we try to get her to Europe every year or 18 months.

[Veteran London agent Nigel Hassler has taken a bow at Helter Skelter and joined his former colleagues at the London offices of the Creative Artist Agency. Hassler had been an agent at Helter Skelter since 2001 when he made the transition from Primary Talent. Hassler represents a solid roster of artists including Avril Lavigne, Madeleine Peyroux, Loreena McKennitt and Ani DeFranco for international and UK bookings.]

You are pretty cautious and thoughtful about how you operate.

That’s accurate. (Our growth is a) step at a time. We would eventually like to have a presence in Nashville, and on the west coast of the U.S. But I have always taken what I consider to be baby steps. Look, these people (here) are going to (run) this business after I’m gone so, sometimes, I figure “What’s the hurry?” I would rather take on one thing at a time. Taking on New York is a big change for us. We would really like to get that in place before we take the next step.

Opening in Melbourne and New York, as well as restructuring the company in 2008, have greatly changed your company.

I suppose I subscribe to that tenet that as a business, you grow or you die. So we have tried to grow. We have tried to grow in a sensible way and take calculated risks. I moved Adam up to president, and Susie (Giang) to vice president because I am very conscious of the fact that the day is coming that I will no longer be part of the business. I think that this is really good to posture people in such a way that they start having more authority. It was also well-deserved in terms of the work that they have done, and what they have contributed to the business. They are shaping the future of the business. There’s no question about it. As well, Jordan will contribute to that too.

With their experience, Adam and Susie could be running their own agencies.

Absolutely. We also have two great agents behind them. Christianna (LaBuz) and Leah (Schew) are moving up too. They are quite wonderful. I think that we have some of the best agents out there. Proportionally, we probably have more woman agents that any agency in the country. There are six agents here, including myself, and three of them are women.

How many shows do you handle a year?

With Jordan in the mix now, it will probably approach near 3,000 I would guess by the end of the year.

You book listening rooms, sheds, and theatres with artists who have careers not driven by record sales or radio.

They never have been. I am in the live touring business. One of my basic philosophies is that you go to where your fans are. I never say, “They are doing this kind of business in New York or that they are doing this kind of business in LA.” That doesn’t mean so much to someone in Poughkeepsie. You might have an artist that will play a 1,000 seater in a major market but, maybe, they are just right for a 200 seater in a tertiary market. We try to put our artists in the appropriate venue. But we do try to fill the Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays when they are on the road. A lot of them tour by ground, so we just make sure that they are out there working.

Sometimes you will find music fans in the oddest places. You will find obscure places that have pretty active music scenes. There is probably someone in that market that loves music who decided that they wanted to develop a (music) scene there.

You try to negotiate deals that are consistent with what the artist’s value is in a market.

Sometimes that means that you have to go into the market to establish your value, especially if you are an artist just starting to develop your career. But I think it’s better to play and take some chances, especially in a secondary or tertiary market which is what really builds a really solid touring career. Go in there and show what you can do rather than to pass it by and sit in a hotel room watching movies.

You will take a lower figure to get an act back to the venue if it makes sense?

Absolutely. We try to negotiate deals based on what the market will bear. We deal primarily with hard ticket dates. So we have to make sure that it is in our best interests, and the artist’s best interests to keep these promoters and venues in business. So we try to structure deals so everybody is coming out of it okay. It doesn’t always happen that way. There are sometimes that the promoter will make great profits or sometimes that they will take losses but we work with them.

Our responsibility is to look after the interests of the artist but we also feel that (the booking) is a triumvirate. It has to be the artist—manager, publicist and all of those things that go in that package—us, and then the venue. What we want is that everybody walks away from that deal feeling good about it. I have always felt that it’s not about getting the booking, it is getting the booking the second time that is really important.

Does the agency book on a regional basis?

We do. We pretty much work by territory but there are some artists that we have found that it is better for one agent to look after all of their touring. For instance, I look after all of Ani’s touring. But, for the most part, we do things in regions. We have agent meetings every Tuesday so we can talk about the tours we put together. Then, we go to work and make them happen.

Since you work with both systems, what are the advantages and disadvantages of both? On a regional basis, you can dig deeper down in a market.

Yeah. I think you get to know the venues. You get to know the people that book those venues. They will pick up your call a lot faster. I do think that we are still in the business, despite email, of placing phone calls. I think it is still a business where you need to get people on the phone, and develop those relationships because e-mails are so one-dimensional. (Working regionally) you do develop those relationships with those promoters so they will take your call even if it’s someone, perhaps, you are not familiar with. That is much more possible on a regional basis.

On a regional basis, an agent likely has visited the venue. That would give them a better idea of how to book it.

Yeah, probably not as much as someone would think though. I have people in this business I have worked with for 20 or 30 years that I have never met. Not to say that we don’t get out to these venues. We do over time, and it does help. It helps to say, “Oh yeah, I remember that dressing room.” I am not saying that this is the case with other agencies, but the agents here are good listeners. So there’s not that presumption that, “We know your venue better than you know it yourself.” We listen to what people have to say about the venue. It is definitely an advantage to go and see a venue but every venue has its own intricacies and is unique. They all have different deals.

What’s the advantage of an agent booking an act nationally?

You become very familiar with the intricacies of booking that particular artist. You start to know what their specific needs are. For instance, I am very conscious of what the right venues are for Ani, and what kind of deals that we should be looking at. Also, Ani tours in a way where she will work two or three days and then have a day off because she needs to rest.

You also develop relationships.

We have dealt with independent promoters a lot in Ani’s career over the years—so you develop those relationships even deeper, I think, as a result of an association like that. Some of her tours are more regionally based. Occasionally, she will do a national tour, and I am able to put that together. If she wants to do a tour that starts in Boston and ends in San Francisco, I can put that together for her because I have a network of promoters that I work with. Some of those relationships are almost 20 years deep.

You grew up in the foot hills of the Appalachian Mountains?

I grew up in Portsmouth Ohio. It is in southern Ohio right on the Kentucky border. The closet large cities are Columbus which is 100 miles to the north, and Cincinnati, about 100 miles to the west. I used to wake up every morning to (cornbread eatin’) Zeke Mullins singing, “Buy your furniture at Glick’s on Second Street” (on WNXT). We would go to family reunions, and my relatives were all from the hills of Kentucky. We’d have banjos and guitars and all of that.

You promoted your first show when you were 18?

I worked for a neighborhood youth corp as a counselor. I saved money from my job during the summer, and I decided I wanted to put a show on. So I rented out the LaRoy Theatre, a movie theatre. It was probably on a Monday night or something. I decided to bring this R&B group in from Columbus, Ohio that absolutely nobody knew. I think maybe 10 people bought tickets. I lost everything. I gave tickets away to all my kids (at youth corp).

But I got the bug. I thought that this is damn interesting.

Then I went down to Ohio University in Athens (Ohio) where I became co-director of a music series and a festival (the Southern Ohio Folk Festival). In 1971, the festival featured Pete Seeger, Kate, Livingston, and Alex Taylor, Mary Travers, Dave Van Ronk, Keith Sykes, Jerry Jeff Walker, Doc and Merle Watson, and Arlo Guthrie. It was in a big arena, and we sold out two nights. The lineup was incredible.

Back then you could book acts for $150 a night.

Well, it was reasonable. Pete Seeger was the headliner, and I remember being next to him at the side of the stage as he was about to go on. He was watching Doc and Merle Watson who were on before him. His jaw was dropping, like it was with all of us, because if you ever watched Doc play, you know. Pete said something like, “We’re knee deep in garbage shooting for the moon.” (likely a reference for the need for conservation on earth after the U.S. moon landing). Here I am this 19 or 20-year-old and I don’t even know what the guy is talking about. But, I was so enamored with Pete. I didn’t know that much about him then.

One of my finest memories was when I was in Chicago a few years ago at a show at the Auditorium Theatre. I helped Sing Out! (magazine) put together their anniversary shows. I was there standing between Pete Seeger and (author and radio broadcast personality) Studs Terkel. Pete is telling Studs about my company. Telling him how wonderful it is what I do. “Jim does this, and Jim does that.” I was like, “Wow.” It was like the sky had opened up, and there was this great light on me. I just felt like I was being ordained or something.

I never booked Pete but I was always a big admirer. I went to his 90th at Madison Square Gardens. (Pete Seeger 90th birthday concert on May 3, 2009), I was fortunate to be invited because Ani and Tom Paxton performed. Peter Seeger has been a big influence on me. He represents so much to me. To this day, I don’t care if there’s 20,000 people out there or 200, he can get onstage, and deliver.

What were you studying at Ohio University?

I was going to be an English major. Then that department lost its accreditation. So I was one of the first students to graduate with a degree in General Studies. Then I went onto Michigan State to graduate school because I thought I wanted to be a college president. I got a masters in college student personnel (under the program), The Administration of Higher Education.

Ohio University is where the (music) bug really bit me. I set up a program there called Mariah that brought in Bonnie Raitt with Little Feat opening. It was just Bonnie and Freebo out there. Little Feat was the opener and that was when Lowell George was alive. I also did Lightnin’ Hopkins, James Cotton Blues Band, just an array of artists.

Dick Waterman’s Avalon Productions was representing many of the blues artists at that time.

Dick is one of my mentors. He’s a person I’ve always looked to, someone who I felt was just a great guy, and highly ethical. I booked Bonnie through him. I booked Buddy Guy, Junior Wells, and "Big Mama" Thornton though him, though she never came through. She canceled for some reason. That was when Dick was out there finding all of these (blues) people and re-introducing them (to the market). Dick set a really good example for me in terms of how I wanted to conduct myself.

Before he founded The Rosebud Agency in San Francisco, Mike Kappus was booking blues acts from Milwaukee

I admire Mike Kappus. In the choice of the people he has represented, and his integrity, and also how he has presented his agency. I met him while at Michigan State. He was in Milwaukee and he used to call me about booking Luther Allison. I don’t know if I ever booked Luther Allison, but Mike was so persistent. Damn, he was persistent. He is a good agent. A Class “A” act.

You next went to Chicago as an assistant vice president at the Chicago State University. A white guy at a black college on the Southside of Chicago?

And, I moved up quickly there. I became an acting vice president when I was quite young (age 24). Dr, Eric Winston, at Michigan State, hired me because I was white. This was in the mid-70s when if you had a white vice-president, you had to have a black assistant. If you had a black vice president, then you had to have a white assistant. Eric was at Michigan State working with Bob Green (Dr. Robert L. Green) dean of the College of Urban Development at Michigan State. He was one of Martin Luther King’s lieutenants.

Eric was looking for a white person that could come with him to Chicago to be his assistant. There I was. I had worked with minority groups at Michigan State. I had helped to develop Ebony Talent, which was the first time on a (U.S.) college campus that minority students were programming minority-oriented entertainment. It was quite controversial. I ended up with my picture in the (local) paper with all these black students that were challenging the university. I think Eric saw that picture and thought, “There’s my guy.”

You started booking Second City after you and some friends established the Black Sheep Repertory Theater in Manchester, Michigan.

Yeah. I started booking Second City. I had them come through and do some shows at the theatre because we had (some) dark nights and dark weekends. People thought I was crazy to bring them in.

The Second City company didn’t perform often outside of Chicago then.

Not that often. They came in, and did three shows, and we had to add three shows. We had to add a second show each night because everything sold out so far in advance. I approached (Second City producer) Joyce Sloane and said, “Would you like me to try and find some work for you outside of Chicago?” At that time I was booking (Texas singer/songwriter/actor) Jim Post. He’s a wonderful live performer. She said sure. So over the next few years we really worked hard and helped to develop Second City into a national touring company. Then I started working with the Toronto Second City company and booking it in Canada while dealing with (Second City producer) Sally Cochrane there.

From that association, oddly enough, I came to book the (Toronto comedy troupe) Royal Canadian Air Farce with Roger (Abbott), Don (Ferguson) and Luba (Goy) in the ‘80s. I just thought, “This is way too weird. This is a Canadian institution that I am booking in Canada. This just doesn’t make sense.” It was way strange.

You had started the agency.

I started the agency as Fleming Artists Management (which was renamed Fleming, Tamulevich & Associates after David Tamulevich joined in the early ‘80s). When I started, I had two goals. I wanted to support the careers of what I felt were deserving artists so that they didn’t have to worry about the booking part (of their career). I also knew that I wanted to be not a regional but a national and an international company.

What artists did you open with?

I really opened up with just Jim Post. Then I did other things out of the (Black Sheep) theatre. I put people from the theatre on tour. Out of the theatre, we had a Cole Porter Revue, and a George Gershwin Revue. I represented Sippie Wallace. I represented a guy who did W.C. Field impersonations. A good friend of mine O.J. Anderson was a mime, and mime was popular at that time. So it was a pretty varied roster. I did just about anything to pay the bills, and to get the business going.

What I ultimately wanted to do was to predominantly represent contemporary singer/songwriters. I wanted to build an agency around that. Fortunately, (booking) Second City, and the Montreux Jazz Festival (in Detroit) helped me get off the ground financially. I booked all of the Montreux headliners, and the local Detroit-based artists playing the festival, for close to 10 years.

That was big.

It was big. In retrospect, it afforded me the opportunity to interact with, and to spend time with some legendary (jazz) artists like Dizzy Gillespie, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Alberta Hunter, Art Blakey, and Oscar Peterson. I ended up working with Dizzy quite a bit. My other mentor, other than Dick Waterman, was a jazz drummer named J.C. Heard. J.C. and Dizzy were very close. J.C. was part of (New York jazz cabaret) Café Society. He ended up living in Detroit. I met him through Montreux, and we became really close. My oldest son is named after him.

[J.C. Heard obtained his first significant professional job with Teddy Wilson in 1939 and continued performing into the 1980s. During his career, he also played with Lena Horne, Coleman Hawkins, Dexter Gordon, Benny Carter, Cab Calloway, Erroll Garner, Jazz at the Philharmonic, Pete Johnson, and Charlie Parker. He died in 1988.]

Working with jazz giants, you learned how to be comfortable with artists?

It was really wonderful being around those artists. Even then, they were iconic artists. I felt so fortunate to spend time with them. That was more gratifying to me than if I had been hanging out with popular pop artists. I thought, even then, that those people were a real important part of the fabric of our world--not just in the United States but everywhere. I look back on those years fondly. I was fortunate to be there.

I found that it is really important that when you are with an artist--no matter what their profile is--to talk about everything but the art. If they want to talk about the art, you can talk about it.

I remember taking Oscar Peterson to the airport in the limo, and sitting in the back with him. I don’t think we said two words to each other. He was a very shy. Then I picked up Ella Fitzgerald in the same limo. She was wonderful. I knew she was having a hard time getting around, I think because of her diabetes or something. So I had one of those (motorized) carts which was not common then, at the gate to get her. She met me, and called me Jimmy. She said, “Ride along with me” and she told me that I had nice eyes.

One of my finest memories was having dinner with Bonnie (Raitt) and Sippie Wallace years ago. I had Bonnie playing there and Sippie joined her onstage. It was just one of those magical moments.

Those magical moments are more important in retrospect than they were when I was doing them because I was young and oblivious. When people put these things together now, they think those moments are so unique. But then, it was just part of the scene. I don’t know if there are as many of those stories today as there used to be. It was a very special time.

One of the single most important additions to the roster then was Canadian folk singer Stan Rogers.

I represented Stan, and I still represent (his brother) Garnet. He has been on my roster longer than anyone. It’s been close to 30 years.

Stan’s death in 1983 must have really hit you.

It was absolutely devastating. Stan and I were not only business associates but we were close friends too. It was a terrible, terrible thing. He was on that plane because he had stayed in Texas an extra day for a barbeque. Garnett and (bassist) Jim Morrison had left the day prior to that. I remember my assistant Patty calling me as I was walking out of the house. She said, “I think that this is the plane that Stan was on.” We sat around together, and stayed up all night (awaiting news). I still vividly remember getting the call the next morning from (Stan’s wife) Ariel’s neighbor. I drove to Hamilton the next day, and I was there with the family, friends and all of the people who came in. I never got into the church (for the funeral). I was outside dealing with the media. The church was packed, and I was kind of the buffer.

[Stan Rogers died in a fire on June 2, 1983 aboard Air Canada Flight 797 on the ground at the Greater Cincinnati Airport after performing at the Kerrville Folk Festival. The airliner was flying from Dallas to Toronto and Montreal when an in-flight fire forced it to make an emergency landing at the Greater Cincinnati Airport. Rogers died with 22 other passengers most likely of smoke inhalation. He was 33. His influence in shaping Canadian folk music is incalculable.]

Your relationship with Ani DiFranco has certainly endured.

It has been a long and wonderful relationship. I have always felt proud to be associated with her. To be associated with, arguably, one of the most successful independent artists in the history of our business.

You started working together in 1991 or 1992.

She really didn’t have a agent then. I am the only real agent she has ever had. I went to Cleveland to see her perform at a funky little club. Dale Anderson, a writer at the Buffalo News, was helping to manage her. She knew something about me, and I was hearing a lot about her. She was very, very independent. At the club, there was the guy who had set it up opening, and two or three paying customers. She got onstage, and it didn’t matter how many people were there. I went, “Wow.” She and I talked afterward, and soon after that we started booking her. It was just Ani on her own at first. She had a small car. I can’t recall if it was a VW or what, but she was out there doing as much work as she could. Every time she would go into a market she could go back and triple or quadruple business.

What is her touring status nowadays?

She just finished a tour. She goes out again this week for another run. She’s doing just a few dates here and there in the summer. We have had a lot of requests for her in the summer, but she wants to lay low. Then she will start up again some time in the Fall. Hopefully, she will have a new album out by then.

It’s been two years since the release of “Red Letter Year.”

That’s been a big gap for her. Talk about prolific (in her career). But she’s now a mom and she’s loving her life now in New Orleans. I was down visiting a couple of months ago just visiting, and that’s just a good place for her right now. She still has a place in Buffalo. She’s still very committed to Buffalo.

Did Lilith Fair knock on your door for Ani this year?


Has she ever played Lilith Fair?

No. I wouldn’t presume to say (why she hasn’t).

There’s a lot of potential in Ann Arbor as an American music center on par with Austin or even Nashville.

It has that storied history with that (‘60s) period when Iggy (Stooges) and Bob Seger and all of that people lived here. I’ve met with the mayor and Arts Alliance about it. We are 45 minutes from a major airport in Detroit (the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport) that can fly you anywhere in the world. It is a pleasure to fly in and out of that airport.

Hopefully, over the next few years as I turn more (of the business) over to the people here, I will be able to work more on helping to make this a real music city.

Larry LeBlanc was the Canadian bureau chief of Billboard from 1991-2007 and Canadian editor of Record World from 1970-89. He was also a co-founder of the late Canadian music trade, The Record. He has been quoted on music industry issues in hundreds of publications including Time, Forbes, the London Times and the New York Times.


Industry Profile Archives:
Mick The DJ, DJ/Enterpeneur 04/30/15
Jeremy Lascelles & Robin Millar, Blue Raincoat Chrysalis Group 12/01/17
Joanne Abbot Green, CMJ Music Marathon and Film Festival 10/17/08
Lee Abrams, XM Satellite Radio 11/28/03
John Acquaviva, Fund Manager, DJ and Serial Entrepreneur 07/09/15
Jay Boy Adams, Roadhouse Transportation 05/04/07
Jamie Adler, Adler Entertainment Group 05/11/07
Gary Adler, National Association of Ticket Brokers 12/04/13
Rodney Afshari, Freeze Artist Management 03/01/02
JC Ahn, VU Entertainment 04/10/13
Steve Alaimo, Vision Records & Audio Vision Studios 05/26/06
Jaye Albright, Albright & O'Malley Consulting 07/19/10
Randy Alexander, Randex Communications 10/12/07
David Alexander, Sheer Publishing 07/21/16
Eva Alexiou-Reo, FATA Booking Agency 05/14/15
Marcie Allen, Mad Booking 12/14/00
Jeff Allen, Universal Attractions 08/16/02
Marcie Allen, MAC Presents 06/05/09
Marcie Allen Cardwell, MAC Presents 12/21/07
David Allgood, Bama Theatre 01/03/11
Patrick Allocco, AllGood Concerts 10/05/07
Michele Amar, French Embassy 05/26/16
Mike Amato, Rok Tours International 02/02/07
Jeff Apregan, Apregan Entertainment Group/Venue Coalition 09/30/15
Billy Atwell, AMP Studios 12/13/07
Bob Babisch, Milwaukee World Festivals Inc. 04/02/15
Tom Baggot, 05/02/03
Stephen Bailey, EPACC & Deleware Center For The Arts 02/06/04
Cary Baker, Conqueroo 05/11/11
Vince Bannon, Getty Images 07/05/11
Phil Barber, Barber & Associates 02/04/01
Camille Barbone, WineDark Records 12/09/05
Erin Barra, Musician/Producer/Educator 07/10/14
Ben Baruch, The Fox Theatre 09/27/08
Ben Baruch, By Larry LeBlanc (CelebrityAccess) 04/05/17
Paul Bassman, Ascend Insurance Brokerage 08/03/16
Adam Bauer, Fleming, Tamulevich & Associates 02/15/02
Ed Bazel, That's Entertainment International 10/05/01
Joachim Becker, ZOHO Music L.L.C. 01/12/07
Howard Becker, Comet Technologies 05/02/11
Mark Bego, Author 06/15/07
Jim Beloff, Flea Market Music 09/20/10
Richard Bengloff, The American Association of Independent Music (A2IM) 09/12/13
Seth Berg, South Bay Music 01/30/09
Aimee Berger, 2 Generations SPA Music Management 09/24/04
David Berger, Future Beat 10/29/14
Barry Bergman, Music Managers Forum 03/14/03
Steve Bernstein, Relix LLC 09/30/05
Mark Berry, Attack Media Group 04/07/07
Scott Billington, Rounder Records 01/17/12
Jeffrey Bischoff, Cinder Block 03/24/06
Sat Bisla, A&R Worldwide/ Musexpo 03/29/10
Nina Blackwood, Sirius Satellite Radio 07/14/06
Adam Block, Legacy Recordings 11/07/13
P.J. Bloom, Neophonic, Inc. 01/24/11
Rishon Blumberg, Brick Wall Management 06/27/03
Justin Bolognino, Learned Evolution, and The Meta Agency 04/25/13
Steve "Chopper" Borges, Total Pro and Borse Techos 03/03/06
Les Borsai, Mediocre Management 01/30/04
Shane Bourbonnais, Live Nation Canada 03/21/08
Jeff Bowen, Sears Centre Arena 03/13/08
Rick Bowen, Mystic Music Experience 07/11/08
John Boyle, Sanctuary Music Group 03/19/04
Jeff & Todd Brabec, Writers/Attorneys 01/03/12
Bill Bragin, Joe's Pub at the Public Theater 08/08/03
Joel Brandes, Avenue Management Group 11/02/08
Joe Brandmeier, Moving Pictures 03/15/02
Scooter Braun, SB Projects 12/13/10
Ron Brice, 3rd & Lindsley Bar & Grill 06/08/16
Billy Brill, Billy Alan Productions 11/11/05
Doug Brown, Talent Buyers Network 09/21/01
James Browne, Sweet Rhythm 11/01/02
Bob Brumley, Brumley Music Company 02/17/16
Tony Brummel, Victory Records 05/17/09
Charlie Brusco, TBA Entertainment Corporation 10/13/01
Del Bryant, BMI 05/18/07
Cortez Bryant, Bryant Management 12/06/10
Stephen Budd, Stephen Budd Management 07/13/17
Bruce Burch, University of Georgia Music Business Program 10/09/09
Deborah Burda, Kentucky Exposition Center 08/03/07
Patti Burgart, IEBA 06/07/02
Jordan Burger, The New Musiquarium 01/22/01
Ron Burman, Roadrunner Records 08/25/06
Suzanne Cadgene, Elmore 05/19/06
Karen Cadle, KGC Productions 03/12/04
Gary Calamar, KCRW 07/10/09
Charles Caldas, Merlin 07/05/10
Brian Camelio, ArtistShare 02/29/08
David Campbell, AEG Europe 08/02/10
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Entertainment Group 10/20/00
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Resort Casino 07/03/03
Tom Cantone, Mohegan Sun 08/30/09
Ashley Capps, A. C. Entertainment 05/21/04
Rio Caraeff, Vevo 07/12/11
Mike Carden, Eagle Rock Entertainment 08/16/11
Charles Carlini, Carlini Group 05/16/08
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 05/27/05
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 01/10/11
Troy Carter, Coalition Media Group 06/07/10
Daniel Catullo, Coming Home Studios 06/22/08
Raffi Cavoukian, Folk Singer/Children's Entertainer 05/11/16
Jeffrey Chabon, Chabon Entertainment Group 08/22/02
Mike Chadwick, Essential Music & Marketing 08/01/12
Rob Challice, Coda Music Agency 03/27/13
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 01/11/02
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 10/04/11
Lisa Cherniak, Artists Against Racism (AAR) 07/20/01
Bob Chiappardi, Concrete Marketing 06/13/03
Joel Chriss, Chriss & Co. 10/04/02
Michael Chugg, Michael Chugg Entertainment 09/14/01
Michael Chugg, Chugg Enterprises 10/02/09
Gary Churgin, Harry Fox Agency 09/13/10
Vinny Cinquemani, S.L. Feldman & Associates 12/13/12
Barry Coburn, Ten Ten Music Group 03/28/11
Matthew Cohen, Green Room Productions 10/19/01
Ted Cohen, TAG Strategic 01/10/13
Lisa Cohen, Associated Booking Corporation 02/10/06
Steve Cohen, Music + Art Management, Inc. 03/09/07
Dan Cohen, Music & Memory 01/12/17
Michael Cohl - Part 1, S2BN Entertainment 03/06/13
Michael Cohl - Part 2, S2BN Entertainment 03/13/13
Bryan Coleman, Union Entertainment Group 02/14/12
Mamie Coleman, Fox Broadcasting 07/05/12
Dennis Condon, Disneyland Resorts 07/13/01
Peter Conlon, Peter Conlon Presents 05/20/05
Tony Conway, Buddy Lee Attractions 10/06/00
Allen Cook, TOURtech 04/16/15
Tomas Cookman, Cookman International 09/05/03
Alex Cooley, Alex Cooley Presents 07/12/10
David Cooper, 10/31/03
Jay Cooper, Greenberg Traurig, LLP 05/23/11
Julie Coulter, Near North Insurance Groups 06/07/01
Amy Cox, Deep South Entertainment 02/09/07
Michael O. Crain, Crain Law Group, LLC 10/09/13
Charlie Cran, The Strawberry Music Festival 04/05/10
Jim Cressman, Invictus Entertainment Group 06/06/12
Russ Crupnick, MusicWatch, Inc. 07/23/15
Todd Culberhouse, Vision Management /Vision Records and Entertainment 09/05/08
Tony D'Amelio, Washington Speakers Bureau 04/21/06
Ruth Daniel, In Place of War 08/09/17
Ray Danniels, Standing Room Only Management, and the Anthem Entertainment Group 03/05/15
Ken Dashow, WAXQ-FM (l04.3 FM) - New York 09/08/06
Hal David, Lyricist 07/26/11
David Davidian, Independant Lighting Designer/Director 06/18/04
Anthony Davis, D&L Entertainment Services, Inc. 03/02/01
Chip Davis, American Gramaphone/Mannheim Steamroller 05/31/02
Mitch Davis, Tempest Entertainment 07/16/04
Jeff Dawson, Canadian Recording Services 06/08/08
Desiree Day, USO Celebrity Entertainment 08/10/01
Shauna de Cartier, Six Shooter Records/Six Shooter Management 10/23/13
Gene DeAnna, The Library of Congress 02/21/12
Vincent Degiorgio, Chapter 2 Productions 08/01/13
Tony DeLauro, DeLauro Management 12/23/04
Valerie Denn, Val Denn Agency 04/30/01
Val Denn, Val Denn Agency 03/06/14
Robert DePugh, Alligator Records 07/29/05
Tom Derr, Rock Ridge Music 10/29/04
Paul Dexter, Masterworks Lighting Design and Road Cases 12/10/04
Marty Diamond, Paradigm 01/22/10
Glenn Dicker, Redeye Distribution/Yep Roc Records 07/07/06
Barry Dickins, International Talent Booking Agency 06/06/13
Jim Digby, Event Safety Alliance 09/01/16
Mark Dinerstein, The Knitting Factory 11/17/06
Neill Dixon, Canadian Music Week 03/03/16
Thomas Dolby, Musician, academic, technologist, and author 11/09/16
Jasper Donat, Music Matters 2009/Branded 04/24/09
Jim Donio, National Association of Recording Merchandisers 04/22/11
Marc Dottore, M. Dottore Management 04/11/03
Tim Drake, The Roots Agency 12/12/08
Mike Dreese, Newbury Comics 11/23/11
Charles Driebe, Blind Ambition Management Ltd. 09/22/06
Jeremy Driesen, Ray Bloch Productions 09/07/01
Michael Drumm, Music Link Productions 07/18/08
Angie Dunn, Lucky Artist Booking 10/13/06
Jay Durgan, MEDIAmobz 11/09/11
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver's Division of Theatres & Arenas 08/02/02
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver’s Division of Theatres and Arenas 08/23/10
Paolo d’Alessandro, International Solutions 06/25/14
Ros Earls, 140dB Management 02/19/14
Art Edelstein, Festival Productions 12/01/02
Bruce Eisenberg, Audio Analysts 08/31/01
Martin Elbourne, The Glastonbury Festival 12/18/09
Michael Elder, Red Entertainment 03/17/06
Tod Elmore, Sixthman 11/24/06
Paul Emery, Clear Channel Entertainment 11/19/04
Arty Erk, Citrin Cooperman 04/27/16
Joe Escalante, Kung Fu Records 07/08/05
Colin Escott, Music Historian/Journalist 07/18/11
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 09/27/02
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 04/24/12
Mike Esterman, Esterman Entertainment 09/01/06
Jeff Eyrich, BePop Records 11/25/05
Bob Ezrin, Bigger Picture Group 05/24/09
Lisa Fancher, Frontier Records 08/09/10
Rick Farman, Superfly Productions 10/15/04
Ray Farrell, eMusic 06/09/06
Sam Feldman, S.L. Feldman & Associates 10/25/02
Bob Feldman, Red House Records 11/24/02
Charlie Feldman, BMI 08/26/05
Paul Fenn, Asgard Promotions 11/22/09
Debra "Fergy" Ferguson, TourDesign 08/01/03
Pete Fisher, Grand Ole Opry 09/11/09
David Fishof, David Fishof Presents 01/08/01
David Fishof, Rock 'N Roll Fantasy 10/05/08
David Fishof, Rock ’n’ Roll Fantasy Camp 02/28/12
Mike Flanagin, New England Country Music Festival 09/12/08
Joel Flatow, RIAA 12/13/11
Jim Fleming, Fleming Artists 03/20/10
Joe Fletcher, Joe Fletcher Presents 01/12/06
Jeff Fluhr, StubHub 10/06/06
Nancy Fly, The Nancy Fly Agency 04/02/04
Arthur Fogel, Live Nation 08/09/09
Martin Folkman, Independent Music Awards & Music Resource Group 08/11/06
Belle Forino, Fantasma Tours 03/18/05
Fletcher Foster, Universal Records South 07/31/09
Sam Foxman, Contemporary Productions 01/06/06
Todd Frank, 4Star Entertainment, LLC 01/24/03
Bob Frank, Koch Entertainment 01/09/09
Larry Frank, Frank Productions 01/17/11
Mike Fraser, Record Producer/Engineer 10/11/08
Carl Freed, Metropolitan Entertainment 06/22/01
Elizabeth Freund, Beautiful Day Media & Management 01/26/07
Harlan Frey, Roadrunner Records 07/11/03
Adam Friedman, Nederlander Concerts 06/22/07
Ted Gardner, Larrikin Management 04/25/03
Daniel Gélinas, Festival d’été de Québec 05/23/13
Marci Geller, Sonic Underground 08/15/08
Chris Gero, Yamaha Entertainment Group 10/26/16
Steve Gerstman, SGS 07/19/02
Sandra Gibson, The Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/09/04
Sandra L. Gibson, Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/16/09
Steve Gietka, Trump Properties 07/30/01
Steve Gietka, SMG Entertainment 03/19/14
Darren Gilmore, Watchdog Management 03/17/16
Daniel Glass, Glassnote Entertainment Group 10/16/14
Jake Gold, The Management Trust 04/13/01
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 09/07/07
Harris Goldberg, Concert Ideas 06/27/11
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 04/16/14
Martin Goldschmidt, Cooking Vinyl Group 09/29/16
Harvey Goldsmith, Harvey Goldsmith Productions 06/28/10
Michael Goldstein, RockPoP Gallery 11/09/07
Seth Goldstein, 09/20/11
Anna Paula Goncalves, CEO Global Brand Appeal 08/20/14
Arnie Goodman, Blue Storm Music 11/15/02
Wesley Goodman, Red Entertainment 09/16/05
Richard Goodstone, Superfly Productions 01/27/06
Christie Goodwin, Photographer 03/18/15
Rob Gordon, What Are Records? LTD 02/01/02
Steve Gordon, Entertainment Attorney 08/06/04
Yoav Goren, Immediate Music & Imperativa Records 06/10/14
Mike Gormley, L.A. Personal Development 11/10/06
Jonathan Gosselin, Gosselin Marketing & Promotions 07/02/04
Richard Gottehrer, The Orchard 04/10/09
Sean Goulding, The Agency Group London 09/12/12
Jerimaya Grabher, RPM Direct 09/26/03
Mary Granata, The Granata Agency 09/06/10
Kelly Graves, Providence Performing Arts Center/Professional Facilities Management 01/20/02
Stan Green, Stanley A. Green Lighting and Productions 12/12/03
Mark Green, Celebrity Talent Agency Inc. / Bergen Performing Arts Center 08/12/05
Jeffrey Green, Americana Music Association 03/10/06
Paul Green, The School of Rock 07/06/08
Benjy Grinberg, Rostrum Records 12/06/11
Brent Grulke, SXSW 03/06/09
Michael Gudinski, The Mushroom Group 10/29/15
Phil Guiliano, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. & OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/25/05
Steve Gumble, SBG Productions 06/16/06
Greg Hagglund, Vivelo! 05/07/04
Rodney Hall, FAME Music Group 11/06/09
Rob Hallett, Robomagic 02/05/15
Craig Hankenson, Producers, Inc 02/23/06
Kerry Hansen, Wynonna Incorporated 10/03/03
Eric Hanson, Ted Kurland Associates 12/20/02
Eric Hanson, Tree Lawn Artists 03/23/07
Rusty Harmon, MTM Music Management 12/06/07
Ali Harnell, Clear Channel Entertainment Nashville 08/15/03
Bob Harris, 02/06/09
Evan Harrison, Huka Entertainment 12/08/16
David Hart, The Agency Group 02/20/04
Laura Hassler, Musicians without Borders 12/02/15
Abe Hathot, Musician, composer, and music producer. 12/21/16
Steve Hecht, Piedmont Talent 08/29/12
Travis Hellyer, Mezzanine 09/02/05
Janie Hendrix, Experience Hendrix 02/01/10
Nona Hendryx, Rhythmbank Entertainment 06/02/06
Dan Herrington, Dualtone Records 07/25/03
Sara Hickman, Sleeveless/Stingray 06/30/06
Dan Hirsch, On Board Entertainment 04/04/03
Nick Hobbs, Charmenko 12/14/01
Carel Hoffman, Hilltop Live/Oppikoppi Productions 11/07/12
Ian Hogarth, Songkick 08/09/11
Gene Hollister, Rose Presents 04/08/01
Rusty Hooker, Rock Steady Management Agency 02/16/01
Jake Hooker, Hook Entertainment 05/10/02
Martin Hopewell, Primary Talent International 04/19/02
Tom Hoppa, TKO Booking Agency 09/29/06
Bobbie Horowitz, Times Square Group 01/04/02
Barney Hoskyns, Rock's Backpages 11/01/11
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 10/27/00
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 01/22/14
Andi Howard, Peak Records and Andi Howard Entertainment 09/02/03
Barbara Hubbard, ACTS 09/12/03
Laurent Hubert, BMG US 11/12/15
Seth Hurwitz, I.M.P. 04/20/09
Ariel Hyatt, Author, and founder of Cyber PR 11/23/16
Mark Hyman, Ashley Talent International 11/09/01
Brett Hyman, Category 5 Entertainment 07/23/04
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 08/17/01
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 05/28/14
Doug Isaac, Super Bowl Concert Series Producer (EXI) 08/24/01
David Israelite, National Music Publishers' Association 11/29/08
Tom Jackson, Tom Jackson Productions 02/06/13
Jay Jacobs, Parc Landon 09/21/07
Larry Jacobson, World Audience 09/17/04
Audra Jaeger, The Management Trust 05/09/03
Ralph James, The Agency Group 01/31/11
Jeffrey Jampol, Jampol Artist Management 07/18/12
Jean Michel Jarre, International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers (CISAC) 06/19/13
Michael Jaworek, The Birchmere 05/08/09
Peter Jesperson, New West Records 11/03/06
John Jeter, The Handlebar 08/15/12
Mike Johnson, Groundrush Media 02/17/06
Andrea Johnson, ICM Partners 11/02/17
Mike Gormley & Jolene Pellant, Yes, Dear Entertainment 04/23/10
Susan Joseph, Justice Entertainment Group 02/21/11
Darren Julien, Julien's Auctions 10/25/10
Henry Juszkiewicz, Gibson Guitars 09/28/10
Justin Kalifowitz, Downtown Publishing 04/20/17
Leonard Kalikow, Music Business Reference, Inc. 06/26/08
Craig Kallman, Atlantic Records 03/20/09
Steve Kane, Warner Music Canada 02/09/17
Danny Kapilian, Independent Producer 07/12/02
Mike Kappus, The Rosebud Agency 10/26/09
Andy Kaufman, Birdland 05/17/02
Wendy Kay, Mars Talent Agency 03/09/01
Lucas Keller, The Collective 03/22/11
Marty Kern, Clemson University 07/07/01
Carlos Keyes, Red Entertainment 10/08/04
Golnar Khosrowshahi, Reservoir Media Management 10/24/12
Martin Kierszenbaum, Interscope/Cherrytree Records 09/06/09
Barney Kilpatrick, Rattlesby Records 10/28/05
John Kinsner, The Walnut Room 03/28/08
Doug Kirby, LiveTourArtists 10/24/03
Steve Kirsner, Compaq Center 06/29/01
JoAnne Klabin, Sweet Relief 03/21/03
Andrew Klein, Revolution Marketing 11/05/04
Larry Klein, Producer, bassist, songwriter 03/13/12
Jack Kleinsinger, Highlights in Jazz 04/25/08
Ann Kline, Casa Kline 09/04/14
Brian Knaff, Talent Buyers Network 09/29/01
Kymberlee Knight, IEBA 11/16/00
Mike Kociela, 360 Productions 05/30/08
Stefan Kohlmeyer, Bach Technology 02/08/10
Lily Kohn, Microsoft Corporation 02/14/11
Tim Kolleth, Alligator Records 01/25/08
Al Kooper, Musician/songwriter/producer/author 02/06/14
Mitchell Koulouris, Digital Musicworks International, Inc. 02/11/05
Mark Krantz, John Schreiber Group 06/15/01
Jeff Krasno, Velour Music Group 11/19/07
Jeffrey Kruger, The Kruger Organisation 01/25/02
Harvey Kubernik, Author/historian/music journalist 08/20/15
Ted Kurland, Ted Kurland Associates 01/15/01
Jordan Kurland, Zeitgeist Artist Management 08/23/11
Carianne Laguna, Blackheart Records 03/07/08
Brady Lahr, Kufala Recordings 04/30/04
Ernie Lake, EL Records 01/19/07
Roks Lam, Wolfman Jack Entertainment 12/17/04
Anni Lam, Parc Landon 06/29/07
Gary Lane, CenterLane Attractions 10/14/05
Tom LaPenna, Lucky Man Productions 09/10/04
Camilo Lara, EMI Music Mexico/MIS 08/10/07
Gary Lashinsky, Lipizzaner Tours 05/13/05
Gregg Latterman, Aware Records 12/13/02
Tony Laurenson, Eat to the Beat 02/27/04
Emily Lazar, The Lodge 10/15/15
Bill Leabody, Leabody Systems 06/10/05
Peter Leak, 24-7 Worldwide Management 03/28/12
Steve Leeds, SR. VP/Promotion/Rock Formats at Virgin Records 07/26/02
Elliot Lefko, Goldenvoice 09/21/17
Bob Lefsetz, The Lefsetz Letter 11/14/08
Carl Leighton-Pope, Leighton-Pope Organisation 07/05/09
Steve Lemon, Live 4 Live, Inc. 12/06/02
Randy Lennox, Universal Music Canada 06/24/15
Simma Levine, Disson Furst and Partners 11/10/00
Andy Levine, Sixthman 06/08/07
Rich Levy, Clear Channel Entertainment Properties 06/25/04
Eddie Levy, Chelsea Music Publishing 07/24/14
Myles Lewis, Denise Rich Songs 12/20/10
Adam Lewis, Planetary Group 01/20/16
Terry Lickona, Austin City Limits 03/14/11
Justine Liddelow, Stage and Screen Travel Services 08/31/11
Jim Lidestri, Border City Media 09/03/15
Larry Lieberman, 4EverWild 03/28/03
Eric Lilavois, Crown City Studios, and London Bridge Studio 12/10/14
Miriam Linna, Norton Records 05/18/17
Marc Lipkin, Alligator Records 03/05/05
Tommy LiPuma (Part 1), Verve Records 11/08/10
Tommy LiPuma (Part 2), Verve Records 11/15/10
Alexander Ljung, SoundCloud 10/04/10
Andy Lo Russo, The Singing Chef 12/16/05
Phil Lobel, Lobeline Communications 08/13/04
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 01/21/05
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 05/17/10
Julie Lokin, New Audiences 03/23/01
Dave Lory, Artemis Records 03/30/02
Max Loubiere, Tour Director 04/11/12
Mark Lourie, Skyline Music 03/08/02
Dave Lucas, Live-360 04/28/06
Joe Lucchese, EventJoe 02/23/07
Kevin Lyman, 4 fini 03/30/01
Kevin Lyman, Vans Warped Tour 05/23/12
Jennifer Lyon, MeanRed Productions 01/18/18
Bubba Mac, 09/14/07
David Macias, Emergent Music Marketing 06/17/05
Kristen Madsen, Grammy Foundation and MusiCares 11/22/10
Larry Magid, Larry Magid Entertainment 05/04/10
Peter Malkin, PM Management 02/07/03
Toby Mamis, Alive Enterprises 02/12/01
Billy Mann, Green & Bloom | Topl1ne, Manncom 09/18/14
Tasea Margeolas, Multi Entertainment 06/23/06
Tony Margherita, dBpm Records 09/06/11
Bob Roux & Mark Campana, Live Nation 12/20/11
Lee Marshall, Magic Arts & Entertainment 09/13/02
Zach Martin, Radio Producer at New York's WAXQ-FM 08/30/02
Mario Martin, Gorgeous PR 04/27/07
Molly Martinez, Ticket Summit 2008 05/23/08
Paul Mascioli, Mascioli Entertainment 01/14/05
Michael Maska, Big Hassle 01/28/05
Ted Mason, Mi-5 Recordings 11/16/01
Steve Masur, Masur & Associates, LLC 11/21/03
Pam Matthews, The Ryman Auditorium 04/08/05
Terry McBride, Nettwerk Music Group 03/01/10
Michael McCarty, ole 06/20/11
Jim McDonald, McDonald Group 12/19/03
Virginia McEnerney, HeadCount 11/26/07
Doc McGhee, McGhee Entertainment 06/14/10
Camilla McGuinn, Tour Manager 08/24/07
Andy McLean, North By Northeast (NXNE) 04/01/05
Dennis McNally, Grateful Dead historian/publicist 09/06/02
Garry McQuinn, Back Row Productions 06/14/11
Ruthann McTyre, The Rita Benton Music Library; and president of the Music Library Association 08/31/10
Dick McVey, Musician's Referral Service 10/27/07
Katherine McVicker, Music Works International 01/08/15
John Meglen, Concerts West/AEG Live 02/21/13
Mark Meharry, Music Glue 05/28/15
Jorge Mejia, Sony/ATV Music Publishing 09/17/15
Dan Melnick, Festival Productions, Inc. 02/22/02
André Ménard, Festival International de Jazz de Montréal 06/12/09
Bob Merlis, Merlis For Hire/Memphis International Records 01/16/04
Doug Merrick, Cumberland Talent Agency and Merrick Music Group 07/21/06
Louis Messina, The Messina Group 10/22/04
Louis Messina, The Messina Group/AEG Live 07/17/09
Louis Jay Meyers, North American Folk Music and Dance Alliance 03/30/07
Louis Jay Meyers, Folk Alliance International 01/23/09
Todd Miller, House Of Blues - New Orleans 11/14/03
Jeff Miller, Fantasma Productions 03/16/07
Ben Miller, Rock Ridge Music 11/02/07
J. B. Miller, Empire Entertainment 08/22/08
Richard Mills, S.L. Feldman 11/02/09
Marty Monson, Barbershop Harmony Society 07/07/16
Linda Moran, Songwriters Hall of Fame (SHOF) 04/05/09
Jesse Morreale, Nobody In Particular Presents (NIPP) 09/20/02
Chuck Morris, Live Rocky Mountains 09/28/09
Mo Morrison, Independent production 05/24/02
Kevin Morrow, Steel Wool Entertainment 01/25/17
Nick Moss, Blue Bella Records 11/30/07
Jim Musselman, Appleseed Recordings 04/14/06
Natalia Nastaskin, United Talent Agency 04/13/16
Marc Nathan, Flagship Records 07/01/05
David Neilon, Rising Star Promotions 11/30/01
Don Neuen, Star Coaches Inc. 10/10/12
Dennis Newhall, DIG Music 10/07/05
John Nittolo, John Nittolo Productions 04/13/07
Ian Noble, Metropolitan Talent 05/23/03
Fabricio Nobre, A Construtora Música e Cultura 05/04/17
Josh Norek, JN Media, LLC 07/05/02
David Norman, Tour Manager 04/20/07
Mimi Northcott, Canadian Recording Services (CRS) 04/11/08
Bill Nowlin, Rounder Records 01/05/07
John Nugent, NY JAM Inc. 11/08/02
Andy Nulman, Just For Laughs 11/20/13
Sal Nunziato, NYCD 06/01/01
Bob O'Neal, Ryman Auditorium 06/28/02
Andrea Orbeck, Prehab Health and Fitness 03/15/10
Heather Orser, Toad's Place 01/29/01
Janet Oseroff, MultiMediaProperties 11/18/05
Marc Ostrow, Boosey & Hawkes 12/05/08
Riley O’Connor, Live Nation Canada 07/24/09
Jeremy Palmer, Buddy Lee Attractions 11/02/01
John Palmer, Megawave Records 08/31/07
Panos Panay, Sonicbids 12/23/05
Julien Paquin, Paquin Artists Agency 04/30/14
Graham Parker, WQXR-FM 11/26/14
Crispin Parry, British Underground 02/24/08
Donald Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 04/09/10
Donald S. Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 01/06/16
Bruce Patron, Overland Entertainment 07/28/06
Alexandra Patsavas, Chop Shop Music 09/27/11
Cheryl Pawelski, Omnivore Entertainment Group 09/26/13
Kerry Peace, Alligator Records 08/18/06
Eric Peltoniemi, Red House Records 12/14/09
Scott Perry, Sperry Media 03/11/05
Lawrence Peryer, Jr., 23 Omnimedia 11/07/08
John Peters, MassConcerts 06/07/11
Holger Petersen, Stony Plain Records 04/15/05
Jon Phillips, Silverback Professional Artist Mgmt/Controlled Substance Sound 08/29/08
Dave Pichilingi, Sound City 03/30/16
Vince Pileggi, Music Inc./Music Inc. Sounds 12/01/06
Eric Pirritt, Endit! Presents / The Fox Theatre 10/17/03
Neil Portnow, The Recording Academy 02/08/11
Louis Posen, Hopeless Records 04/04/11
Stephen Posen, Estate of Glenn Gould 01/23/13
Nadia Prescher, Madison House 06/20/03
Jeff Price, TuneCore 02/28/11
Tom Principato, Powerhouse Records 02/01/08
Roger Probert, Core Records 12/08/06
John "Grinder" Procaccini, JP Squared (JP2) 01/17/03
Mark Pucci, Independent Music Publicist 09/09/05
David Pullman, The Pullman Group 11/03/00
Rod Quinton, Saigon Sound System 04/18/11
Dolphus Ramseur, Ramseur Records 10/19/07
Jack Randall, Ted Kurland Associates 04/05/02
Jack Randall, The Kurland Agency 03/08/17
Debra Rathwell, AEG Live 05/03/13
Jeff Ravitz, Visual Terrain 02/08/08
Paul Reed, Association of Independent Festivals (AIF) 06/14/17
Rich Rees, M.P.I. Talent Agency 09/19/08
John Reese, Freeze Artist Management 08/01/08
Bill Reeves, WRIII, Inc. 10/20/06
Stephen Rehage, Rehage Entertainment 07/30/04
Lisa Reiss, Pearl Productions 08/17/07
Salaam Remi, Composer, producer, musician and label executive. 01/08/14
David Renzer, Universal Music Publishing Group 08/23/09
Alison Richard, Universal Orlando Resort 05/06/05
Kelli Richards, The All Access Group 02/07/12
Gary Richards, HARD Events 08/29/13
Sam Righi, Waterfront Entertainment Group 05/30/03
Jon Rinaldo, Joker Productions 01/02/04
Geary Rindels, Geary Rindels Enterprises, Inc. 12/05/03
Doreen Ringer Ross, BMI 01/18/08
Lisette Rioux, Island Def Jam Music Group 05/16/03
Dave Roberge, Everfine Records & Everfine Artist Management 12/03/04
Sandy Roberton, Worlds End Producer Management 02/20/09
Ty Roberts, Gracenote 01/31/12
Bill Rogers, BRE Presents 07/13/07
Ian Rogers, Topspin Media 06/01/10
Benji Rogers, PledgeMusic 12/19/13
Dave Rose, Deep South Entertainment 09/15/06
Eric Rosen, Ronald S. Bienstock & Associates 05/25/01
Stuart Ross, The Ross Group 02/23/01
David Ross, President IAAM; Director, Show Me Center 09/23/05
Jack Ross, APA Canada 09/07/17
Bobby Rossi, Ruth Eckerd Hall 02/28/03
Michael Rothschild, Landslide Records 04/29/05
Robert Rowland, Red Entertainment 06/13/08
Bill Royston, Mt. Hood Jazz Festival 03/07/03
John Rudolph, Bug Music 05/24/10
Elizabeth Rush, E.R.A. / Elizabeth Rush Agency 08/20/04
Aran Rush, Expo and Foro Imperial 02/16/07
Maurice Russell, Harry Fox Agency 10/21/05
Barron Ruth, Skyline Music 02/14/03
Andrea Sabata, Skyline Music 01/07/05
Numa Saisselin, Count Basie Theatre, Inc. 02/04/05
Ron Sakamoto, Gold & Gold Productions 01/16/10
David Salidor, dis Company 07/20/07
Shaw Saltzberg, S. L. Feldman and Associates 06/21/10
Bruce Allen & Sam Feldman, A&F Music 12/19/08
Mark Samuels, Basin Street Records 06/11/04
Jacqueline Saturn, Harvest Records 01/21/15
Tamara Saviano, American Roots Publishing 07/22/05
Tamara Saviano, Author, journalist, and producer 08/18/16
Michael Scafuto, Mountain High Entertainment 12/07/01
Steve Schankman, Contemporary Productions 12/21/01
Steve Scharf, Carlin America 10/11/02
John Scher, Metropolitan Talent 11/21/08
Al Schmitt, Producer/Engineer 02/13/10
Bobby Schneider, Tour Coordinator, Third Eye Blind 01/31/03
Jake Schneider, Madison House 04/02/14
Steven Schnur, EA Music Group 07/03/13
Elaine Schock, Shock Ink 02/19/10
Stacy Schott, Mad Booking and Events 08/22/03
Daylle Schwartz, Revenge Productions 08/19/05
Dean Sciarra, 11/26/04
Joel Selvin, Author and Journalist 08/07/14
Jay Sendyk, Sendyk, Leonard & Company, Inc. 05/03/02
Jonathan Shank, Red Light Management 12/13/17
Peter Shapiro, Ideal Entertainment 04/16/04
Peter Shapiro, Dayglo Ventures/Brooklyn Bowl 11/15/17
Seth Sheck, Access Pass & Design 01/03/03
Seth Sheck, ACCESS Event Solutions 06/22/16
Seth Shomes, The Agency Group 11/12/14
Jay Sieleman, The Blues Foundation 07/18/03
Anya Siglin, The Ark 03/05/10
Bill Silva, Bill Silva Entertainment 10/19/10
Tom Silverman, Tommy Boy Entertainment 03/06/12
Steve Simon, Clear Channel Communications 05/14/04
Ralph Simon, Live Earth 07/06/07
Ralph Simon, Mobilium 04/12/11
Michael Simon, The Harry Fox Agency 08/14/13
Ron Simpson, RCS Productions 01/11/08
John Simson, SoundExchange 07/15/05
Dion Singer, Warner Bros. 12/07/09
Gram Slaton, The Community Arts Center 02/25/05
Owen Sloane, Gladstone Michel Weisberg Willner & Sloane 10/11/10
Peter Smidt, Eurosonic Noorderslag & manager Buma Cultuur 07/17/13
Garrison Snell, Gyrosity Projects 02/23/17
Mike Snider, Paradigm Talent Agency Nashville 05/17/11
Andrew Snowhite, Musictoday 05/04/01
Bruce Solar, The Agency Group 05/14/14
Nikki Solgot, Circle Talent Agency 02/18/15
Michael Solomon, Brick Wall Management 05/25/07
Mark Sonder, Mark Sonder Productions 07/25/08
Steve Sonnier, UIC Pavilion at the University of Illinois, Chicago 09/03/04
Kathy Spanberger, peermusic 06/20/12
Carolyn Specht, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. and OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/26/04
David Spelman, New York Guitar Festival 10/01/04
Jason Spiewak, Rock Ridge Music 04/07/06
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 11/29/12
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 02/18/05
Jeremy Stephan, Ventures, LLC 04/23/04
Walter Stewart, Mars Talent Agency 02/21/03
Gail Stocker, Gail Stocker Presents 11/12/04
Jon Stoll, Fantasma Productions 10/13/00
Jesse Stoll, AEG 06/27/09
Henry Stone, Henry Stone Music 06/24/05
Jason Stone, Live Nation New York 03/31/06
Howard Stovall, Resource Entertainment Group 05/28/04
Cameron Strang, New West Records 10/18/02
Don Strasburg, AEG Live Rocky Mountains 02/27/09
Barbara Strauss, Sovereign Ventures 05/12/06
Richard Stumpf, Cherry Lane Publishing 08/07/06
Deb Suckling, SUGARRUSH Music 07/27/17
Patrick Sullivan, RightsFlow 10/25/11
Bernie Swain & Harry Rhodes, Jr., Washington Speakers Bureau 12/07/00
Dean Swett, Paramour Group 06/14/02
Jake Szufnarowski, Rocks Off 05/02/08
Marc Tanner, Chime Entertainment 12/22/06
Donald Tarlton, The Donald K Donald Group 04/12/02
Tess Taylor, Los Angeles Music Network 08/09/02
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Chris Taylor, Taylor 03/15/09
Peter Tempkins, DeWitt Stern Group 03/16/01
Peter Tempkins, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 03/27/09
Lisa Tenner, Tenner & Associates (EAT'M) 08/06/01
Jeremy Tepper, Diesel Only Records 10/10/03
Allan Tepper, Bicycle Music Company 09/28/07
Martin Terefe, Kensaltown Studios 05/31/11
Milun Tesovic, MetroLeap Media 10/18/09
Mandar Thakur, Times Music 08/06/15
Jerry Thompson, Promoter Line Inc. 03/05/04
Jose Tillan, MTV Networks Latin America 12/02/05
Jon Tiven, Hormone Studios 08/05/05
Adam Tobey, Concert Ideas 08/24/17
Rob Tonkin, Marketing Factory 12/17/15
John "J.T." Toomey, 25/8 Management 11/15/11
Livia Tortella, Warner Bros. Records 01/10/12
Phil Tripp, IMMEDIA! 01/19/06
Claudio Trotta, Barley Arts Promotion 11/26/01
Chris Tsakalakis, StubHub 01/11/10
Ben Turner, Graphite Media 05/10/10
Steve Vai, Favored Nations Entertainment 04/26/02
John Valentino, Fantasma Productions 04/18/03
John Valentino, AEG Live SE 11/01/10
Don Van Cleave, Coalition of Independent Music Stores 04/09/04
Casey Verbeck, Partners in Music 06/06/03
David "Boche" Viecelli, The Billions Corporation 04/18/10
Marsha Vlasic, Artist Group International 05/31/17
Mat Vlasic, Bravado 06/28/17
Ray Waddell, Billboard Magazine 08/27/04
Rob Waggener, Foundations Recovery Network 03/07/11
Jim Walczak, Racine Civic Centre 06/03/05
Jeff Walker, The AristoMedia Group 08/16/10
Carla Wallace, Big Yellow Dog Music 11/04/05
Russell Wallach, Live Nation Network 03/20/12
Steve Walter, The Cutting Room 10/24/08
Neil Warnock, The Agency Group 05/02/09
Diane Warren, Realsongs 08/14/09
Butch Waugh, RCA Label Group Nashville 01/10/03
Lauren Wayne, The State Theatre 05/09/12
Kirt Webster, Webster PR 02/03/16
Ken Weinstein, Big Hassle Media 04/22/05
Bruce Weinstein, Bethel Woods Center for the Arts 02/15/08
Larry Weintraub, Fanscape 05/18/01
Pam Weiser, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 10/11/11
Kevin Welk, Welk Music Group 01/24/12
D-J Wendt, Dmand Management 05/09/08
Alison Wenham, Worldwide Independent Network 02/13/09
Bill Werde, Billboard 08/03/11
Joel Whitburn, Record Research 11/13/09
Judd White, Tour Manager/Accountant 02/13/04
Jeff White, In Ticketing 12/16/06
Adam White, Author 09/14/16
Lisa White, Pearl Street Warehouse 10/04/17
Adam Wilkes, AEG Live Asia 10/13/16
Fenton Williams, 04/04/08
Del Williams, Right Arm Entertainment 04/18/08
Bryan "Birdman" Williams, Cash Money Records 09/13/11
Paul Williams, ASCAP 10/19/11
J.P. Williams, Parallel Entertainment 10/03/12
Kurt Willms, Green Room Productions 09/20/03
Chris Wilson, Heartbeat Records 03/02/07
Tony Wilson, Factory Records/In The City 06/01/07
Tom Windish, The Windish Agency 07/26/10
John Wiseman, XL Touring Video 05/05/06
Thom Wolke, 02/08/02
Michael Wood, City Lights Entertainment 08/08/08
Keith Wortman, Blackbird Presents 03/22/17
Nigel Wright, Independant Record Producer 11/07/03
Dusty Wright, 07/27/07
Jeremiah “Ice” Younossi, A-List Talent 09/20/09
Gail Zappa, The Zappa Family Trust 10/02/14
Kevin 'Chief' Zaruk, Chief Music Management 06/10/15
Ron Zeelens, RAZco Visas 04/20/01
Rick Zeiler, Sidney Frank Importing Company 06/04/04
Danny Zelisko, Live Nation 06/19/09
Jason Zink, Emporium Presents 10/19/17
Hillary Zuckerberg, Brick Wall Management. 07/09/04
Steve Zuckerman, Global Entertainment and Media Summit 03/22/02
Paul Zullo, Muze 01/23/04
Nanette Zumwalt, Hired Power 02/03/06


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