Industry Profile: Livia Tortella

— By Larry LeBlanc (CelebrityAccess MediaWire)

This week In the Hot Seat with Livia Tortella, Chief Operating Officer, and Co-President of Warner Bros. Records.

An unrivaled passion for music, and an uncanny understanding of digital and traditional marketing, has led to Livia Tortella having a prime chair at the Warner Music Group’s dinner table.

Los Angeles-based Tortella has been the chief operating officer, and co-president of Warner Bros. Records Inc. since Sept. 14, 2010.

It was at that time Warner Music Group configured a new senior management team for the Warner Bros. Records label group that consists of the Warner Bros., Asylum, Nonesuch, Reprise, and Sire labels.

As well as Tortella, this senior management team includes Rob Cavallo as chairman; and Todd Moscowitz as co-president and CEO.

Prior to joining Warner Bros., Tortella was Atlantic Records’ executive VP/GM in New York. She joined Atlantic in 2004.

In addition to focusing on artist development, Tortella played a pivotal role in molding the label’s direction by overseeing business and digital product development there, including bolstering a direct-to-consumer strategy for merchandise and fan clubs.

At Atlantic Records, Tortella was instrumental in developing the careers of Paramore, Death Cab For Cutie, Rob Thomas, Shinedown, 3OH!3, Bruno Mars, Cee Lo, and the Zac Brown Band. In addition, she championed the launch of several indie labels, including Alexandra Patsavas' Chop Shop Records which has released the best-selling “Twilight” soundtrack franchise.

Canadian-born Tortella began her music career at PolyGram Inc. in Montreal and then Toronto, working in publicity, A&R, and as a product manager for such labels as Island, Def Jam, Mercury, London, and Beggars Banquet Music Group.

Afterwards, Tortella spent five years at the Island Def Jam Music Group in New York, as a product manager, and as a senior marketing director.

During her freshman year at Warner Bros. Records, Tortella has been closely involved in projects by Michael Bublé, Wale, the Black Keys, Outasight, Theophilus London, and Gary Clark Jr.

An interesting year for you. Not just personally, but also for Warner Bros. with Michael Bublé, the Black Keys, Wale, Theophilus London, and Gary Clark Jr.

A very exciting year, for a lot of reasons. Like the move to Los Angeles, and just being part of Warner Bros. (Records) and that lineage of artists; being able to break new bands here; and being part of what’s going on here is really exciting.

What Warner artists are you excited about for in the first quarter?

For the first quarter, I am obviously excited about the continued success of the Black Keys. I am excited about our set up for Gary Clark Jr. and we have a new artist called Birdy (born Jasmine van den Bogaerde) from the U.K. that I am totally excited about, as well as this other artist called Kimbra. It is really exciting when you have a lot of great new artists; and that’s what I want to do this year is break one of them.

What are the roles of Rob Cavallo, Todd Moscowitz and yourself?

Rob is our chairman, and he oversees the creative direction of our company—really, really important. It is so great to have a man with his taste and his history at Warner Bros. His abilities as a producer just makes it a more creative driven company. Between Todd and I, it is really fluid. He definitely drives the pop and urban side of the business, and he oversees international, business affairs and promotion. I oversee a lot of the marketing driven areas of the company. So we interlock a lot.

You each report to (WMG recorded music chairman/CEO) Lyor Cohen?


You must have to liaison regularly with Warner Bros. affiliates around the world.

Yes. I think that the great thing about Warner Bros. is that it is in the ethos of the company that international and global superstars are a big part of what this company does. Whether it is Green Day or Linkin Park or Michael Bublé, there is a keen interest here in developing artists globally.

For years Warner Bros. Records was very much an American-centric margin-driven company. That shifted with the establishment of a strategic international marketing unit in 2004.

Yes, and we also have the kind of signings that can be exported globally. You have to have the kind of signings that can export globally as well.

Do you compete with Warner affiliates in seeking the amount of time you need for an artist in the U.S. market?

Every artist is different. Thankfully, the way that we’re structured is that we have close relationships with all of the marketing territories. Every couple of months, we have direct reports meetings where we are in the same room with (affiliate reps from) France and Germany. Because of our size, we are able to do that, and be effective. People do wait their turn if we do achieve what we achieve in America. People are very strategic with us in terms of an artist’s time. Every once in a while there will be a TV show in France that’s not movable, and you have to sort of move the calendar. But because we are very fluid, and know each other, I can pretty much get the world on the phone, look at a calendar to make it really easy (to plan); and make quick decisions based on what is a priority at this point and time.

Last year WMG realigned its senior staff, eliminating its European management team to put together a global management staff. Was the change about streamlining the company’s international activities?

Yes. To break a global act effectively, you have to be in a manageable situation in terms of people, and infrastructure. You have to have more direct relationships with repertoire owners as opposed to having a lot of middle people to go through strategy. Just this morning I was on the phone with the U.K. going through strategy for one of their artists called Birdy. Basically, we were talking about choice of singles (for the U.S. market), and her time and where we need her. We had a really productive conversation. I closed the phone, and I had a calendar (planned). That works so much better than having to go through a head of international here (in the U.S) and a head of international (in another territory). Streamlining had to happen in order for us to be a lot more effective.

[Birdy’s eponymous debut album was released Nov. 7 2011; the album peaked at #13 in the UK, #40 in Ireland, and in the Top 10 in Belgium, and Holland.]

At what point at Atlantic Records did you begin to focus on marketing, artist development, and digital product development? When did it become your central role there?

When I was at Island Def Jam, and I moved over to Atlantic and I became the GM there. I oversaw the marketing division—whether it was tour marketing, digital marketing, sales—and I was bringing a lot of those departments together, and sort of educating the digital marketing teams. Each department was working with everyone else. We were sort of giving each other a crash course on how to do things. I felt that there was a ton of similarities (between the departments). I felt that, especially in a digital space, you can market so much more directly, and much more effectively, if you have a handle on it.

Not many people in the music industry shared your views back then. Even today, digital marketing is tucked away in the corner of some labels.

It was weird because the more that we did traditional marketing—for instance, the more I spent money on TV advertising—the less I saw it do anything. There was that real big realization a couple of years into Atlantic that unless you have millions of dollars of media, you are not really affecting advertising. It was so easy to advertise in Canada. You’ve got two (TV) networks (CBC-TV and CTV)—to go to, and you get the message out. America is a bigger country. It’s more fragmented; and it’s really expensive to get your message out. But you used to be able to advertise on MTV, do VH-1, and so some “Late Night” (“Late Night With David Letterman”) and be able to feel something. I noticed that I was feeling less and less, and that I was getting more out of direct marketing whether it was to fans or social media marketing. So I was definitely noticing how much more effective and targeted I could be (with digital marketing).

As well, consumer’s habits were changing.

Yes. Absolutely.

Consumer habits have since changed even more. The menus available for marketing a new release today are practically endless.

Absolutely. Just being able to see videos on your phone, and content, and music and be able to stream it is so exciting. The funny thing is that radio is still important. If you look at the top YouTube views and the top-selling singles on iTunes, it is still very radio driven. Radio is still very, very important. But there is this whole other world of exposing new music and positioning things (artists and music) that exists to us.

Do you work closely with Stephen Bryan, who was promoted as executive VP of digital strategy and business development for recorded music at Warner Music Group in Sept. 2011?

I talk to Stephen once a week. He has a digital innovation call where all of the labels participate. The digital representative of each labels, and the presidents. We talk about the deal-making process, and should we (the company) be in this deal or not. So we are very active with Stephen.

Last year, the major labels had difficulty coming to terms with Apple's cloud music service deal. Why?

We have to be very careful with every deal that we go into. The only kind of power that we do have is our power to engage in a new project or not—and under terms that make sense for our artists, and for us. There are certain things in terms of streaming, and certain guidelines that we really pay attention to. Things whether there is substitution or not; or if it (a deal) can hurt our business long-term. Also, data is important. Having access to data is also important because it could help us build our business.

A tug-and-pull seems to still exist between the labels and many of the new services and platforms; with the labels trying to figure out how much of the house do they give away.

Exactly. Yes.

I guess it comes down to what is advantageous for the label, and to the artist being the bottom line.

Absolutely. There are formulas of that which we think is below the line in terms of us losing money when you factor in things like scale. You also have to factor in other things. There is the cost of making things; and there’s the cost of marketing things. Obviously, that is lost on the media and the consumer in terms of what it takes to launch a record these days. I’d argue too that even though technology makes things a lot easier, that in many ways, it also makes it harder because you have to be in a lot of different places to manage an experience. For that, you need people.

At the same time, labels have been losing substantial revenue on the physical side of the business.

But we do very much focus on artists’ P&Ls (profit and loss) because there’s licensing revenue and revenue that we make in non-trad (retail), and in merch and that is a really low margin business. We definitely look at the whole thing too when we make decisions at the end of the day as to whether or not we are successful with something. But there is definitely a cut-off for pricing with digital.

Total music sales in the U.S. last year enjoyed a 6.9% increase but digital sales may never make up for the loss of physical sales. Labels like Warner Bros. have realized this, and have been working on other artist-based activities, such as merchandising which is up 35% at the company in the past year. One could argue that in a 360 deal, if the label can bring value to each component, it can be a win-win situation for everyone.

Correct. And the way that I explain 360 or multi-rights deals is that it all depends on where the artist is when they come to you. Many of these artists, even if they are developing things on their own, are signing to majors. I think it is because everybody is getting a ton smarter in terms of the kind of career they want. What they can do themselves and what they can’t. An exciting thing about this business is that people have choices. Artists have choices to pick the path that they want. (Like) when Death Cab made the decision on whether or not to go to a major; I am sure the Black Keys knew what they can do on their own, and they also know what a larger company can do. I think that is really important when you look at the kind of multi-rights deal that you strike. It really depends on where the artist is in their (career) trajectory when they come to you. It is definitely not a land grab in the sense if you want to continue funding and investing in an artist.

[Overall, U.S. album sales rose 1.4% to 330.6 million units in 2011, up from 2010's total of 326.2 million units. Digital track sales grew to 1.27 billion, up nearly 100 million units, or 8.5%, from the 1.17 billion in 2010. Digital album sales had a 19.5% increase to 103.1 million units from 86.3 million units. However, in the physical format, CD sales decreased 5.7% to 223.5 million units from the 236.9 million units in 2010.]

Let’s not kid ourselves. Some 360 deals from labels are little more than land grabs.

Right, but it has to be about the company having all of those things in value so that those rights can be properly exploited. Thankfully, Warner Music Group has that strategy in place.

Many artist managers have beefed up their own teams with marketing and technology personnel. The key management players are more knowledgeable in these diverse areas but still prefer to work with major labels.

Absolutely. Bruce (Allen) in particular, talks about the importance of majors. But you are right; they (the rights) have to have value. You are also right that you have to pay attention to all of it. There’s the recorded music side of things but we also pay attention to TV and film licensing. It is a really big part of our revenue. Definitely a big part of the Black Keys. We pay attention also to non-traditional retail. Warner Bros. is like #1 in non-traditional retail, largely because we have an adult-leaning roster that appeals to those types of places. We look at non-trad a lot when we look at our marketing plans. Starbucks is really an important part of that for us.

Also with global infrastructure, that’s how majors can compete as well in terms of artists coming to us. They want to make sure that people still want to be able to have consistent approach to their career development by looking at the world and knowing where to be and at what time and having that infrastructure behind them. The Black Keys signed a worldwide deal on this album and they are already on their way internationally in such a deeper way than before and they are thrilled. So you have to look at all of the areas for sure.

You worked with fellow Canadian Bruce Allen on Michael Bublé’s “Christmas” project, the second biggest selling album in the U.S. in 2011 with 2.5 million units sold.

I know, and I was working with a Canadian crew like Bruce Allen’s. The moment we arrived here, we were setting up that record.

For Red Hot Chili Peppers’ album "I'm With You” last year, you utilized traditional and non-traditional marketing. How do you determine the marketing strategy for projects?

The great part of the industry today is that, especially with marketing today, there is such a mix of things you can do. I find it super exciting. A lot of people in the industry are frustrated by how fragmented the marketplace is. I think it is amazing all of the cool things that you can try. It starts off with that we have this menu of things that we can discuss, and talk about. Then we have to really get at the essence of the band, and the record that we are marketing. we do that as a group. We put together planning meetings.

With Red Hot Chili Peppers, we started five or six months before release. We started to talk about what the band felt comfortable doing digitally and what they didn’t feel comfortable with. They aren’t big on Twitter. They are private and for them it is really important to make it (the marketing) about the music. So we really focused on that with the launch. They aren’t as visible out there doing every single promo activity either. It is just not in their DNA. So our challenge was figuring out how we get the music out there in creative new ways. The opportunity of streaming the entire album as part of a pre-order promotion with iTunes came, and also doing the Google listening party for fans. The way that we are structured here at WBR is that our digital department also has an international person in it that we co-ordinate with the rest of the world so they are getting information in real time. So we are able to do things like that and we are able to do them globally.

[Warner’s campaign for "I'm With You” featured a listening party on iTunes followed by simultaneous worldwide Google online, and in-person listening parties in London, Toronto, Tokyo, Sydney and Los Angeles. A cornerstone of the campaign was a movie theater live broadcast of the band playing the album sent via satellite to select theaters around the world. "I'm With You” debuted at #2 on the Billboard 200 chart. Red Hot Chili Peppers’ previous studio release was 2006's double-album "Stadium Arcadium" in 2006.]

Is it different for each group what their marketing needs are going to be?

Yes. The Black Keys are not going to do every single promotional event but they love to play and perform and do special events so they have a different…we can do different things with the Black Keys.

[The Black Keys will hit the road for their first leg of 2012 North American tour dates in March. The band is the featured cover story for the first time ever on the January 19th, 2012 issue of Rolling Stone.]

The integration of digital marketing into the recorded music operation is still evolving. You have been among the first to experiment with evolving technologies and platforms. Some have worked; others haven’t. You were one of the first to utilize sites powered by the Cisco Eos software platform for Laura Izibor, and Sean Paul.

The promise of that platform was to have data and intelligence on behavior. They (Cisco Media Solutions Group) didn’t continue to fund the project because they were unable to find other clients in the entertainment field. But what I thought was intriguing was the promise of what that platform could do which was to be able to deliver to our artists, and clients real information about how people behave on their sites—what they like to look at. Obviously, we get information of what people order, and what they purchase; but how great would it be to know a little bit more about what they know?

Right now, we are sort of in a complicated place where all of our partners, whether it’s Google or iTunes, they have more information about (consumer) behavior than we do. It is a really important goal for us to have real data that can grow our artists’ lives, and impact them. Everybody talks about data but nobody really knows what to do with the data that they have. This is where we are (in the music industry) in general. We are very focused on (data) as a company, and we want to be able to use it to further our artists.

[Cisco Eos was developed as a service platform, incorporating social networking, content management, site administration, and audience analytics by the Cisco Media Solutions Group. In April, 2011, Cisco closed down its EOS team.]

Despite Cisco Eos platforms not continuing, it furthered discussions in the area of developing further fan engagement and monetization.

That’s what new technology does. It puts things on people’s radar, and makes it important. What you said about digital (being) in the corner (at some label) is still very shocking. The thing that we did at Atlantic, and now what we are doing at Warner Bros., is making sure that digital and physical sales are the same people because the skill set (involved) is really selling and marketing records. We are evolving into a digital world, and with all of our skill sets we have to be completely prepared to deal with that. We can’t just have our heads in the sand and do traditional old school radio promotion.

So we have digital experts in every department, and I think that more and more everybody, is getting educated in the new ways of doing things. But it is surprising how in 2011 you still had digital sales and digital marketing in one place (at some labels). It is kind of interesting.

In 2008, Atlantic was cited as the first major label to achieve digital revenue in excess of 50% of its U.S. physical and digital sales revenue. Was that shocking to you when that happened?

It was shocking that nobody else followed us. We had really crazy, really great religion there when it comes to premium products on iTunes. We discovered early on that when you have hit records—which Atlantic had with some great A&R—you see it on the digital side really quickly. It’s always about having great A&R, and great music; but we also created a lot of premium products on iTunes because that consumer wanted new things. And we were able to see that even if we had a deluxe and a standard version of an album, that people always bought into the deluxe.

You see that today with all companies having deluxe releases.

Right, but at the beginning (of iTunes), it was the same old game the majors would do which was the price game. iTunes is sometimes price sensitive when it is a new artist but (consumers) are not always price sensitive if it’s something that they really want and that has value as well. So we were able to see that really quickly with iTunes and capitalize on it.

The breakthrough of Zac Brown Band while you were at Atlantic seemed to come about with radio airplay and social media.

“Chicken Fried” was already starting at radio when Zac was at Live Nation. Radio was starting to develop the song. When we took it over, I think that it was a combination of getting the song online and radio airplay. The digital sales were immediately reactive. We did a lot of direct marketing around single sales when we took it over. As a live performer, Zac is just extraordinary, and he was smart. He didn’t do the traditional country thing in touring. It was like Jimmy Buffet touring. He expanded the context of how he liked to tour. We built him like a touring artist versus just (being) a traditional country artist.

Almost like it was done in ‘70s.

Yes. It is totally a ‘70s thing. When you listen to the record (“The Foundation”) you think, Jimmy Buffett, Jim Croce, all of that cool shit. I think that Zac was very much in ethos of that, and that is sort of how we developed him.

[Bob Ezrin, then chairman of Live Nation Recordings, and Mike Luba (then president of Live Nation Artists) signed the Zac Brown Band to Live Nation Artists in 2008. Atlantic Records took over distribution of "Chicken Fried" after Live Nation Artists closed. The band's album “The Foundation” was released by Atlantic Records in association with the Home Grown/Big Picture label on Nov. 18, 2008 and "Chicken Fried" reached #1 on the Billboard country chart.]

Kid Rock fits in somewhere there as well. Kid Rock and Hank Williams Jr. being together on CMT’s “Crossroads” in 2001 drew 2.1 million viewers, a record for CMT at the time.

It’s so funny because Zac is the ultimate crossover artist, but I was also working and doing day-to-day for Kid Rock at Atlantic for probably six years. I don’t send Bob (Kid Rock) a lot because he’s very, very particular about the music that he loves. But I sent him this Zac Brown album because I knew that he was going to flip out over it. And Zac Brown, when he signed with us, he said, “I want Kid Rock’s career.” That was the first thing that he said. We looked at him and thought, “Well, okay. He doesn’t want to be confined or be boxed in.” I introduced them in Atlanta, and they loved each other, and they are really really good friends.

At Atlantic, you helped develop the “Twilight” franchise which heavily relied on merchandised items at the beginning.

Yes. We sold (“Twilight”) pretty much everywhere. We did four different album covers with different images inside because we knew that the people that would buy this would want to collect, and would be really into the characters and stuff like that. Well, Alex (music supervisor Alexandra Patsavas) found the property, and read the (Stephenie Meyer) books. Alex really was excited about the project, and lobbied hard to be the music supervisor for the series.

I read all four (“Twilight”) books in three days. I remember when the deal came to us it was a really aggressive deal. At that time not everybody knew what “Twilight” was. Alex and I were like, “We’re going to die, if we don’t get this.”

That book, in the meantime, began tipping in a big big way. When Summit (Summit Entertainment) picked up the rights to do the film, it really blew it (the property) up in terms of the book franchise.

Why were you convinced that “Twilight” was a multi-format vehicle?

It totally appeals to the whole Goth sensibility of being a teenager; what that feels like. The books really speak to that. The other thing is that I knew that musically it would be different from other soundtracks because Stephenie Meyers is such a music fan. In every one of her books, she has an introduction in which she thanks all of the bands that she listened to while she was writing the book. Muse was a really big artist that she thanked. And she thanked Radiohead. At the beginning of each book, it was like a playlist for thank yous. People worship her; they worship the characters, and I felt that there would be a special connection to the music. I could predict the millions sold, but I knew that there would be a special connection to the music and to the franchise.

Every label would like another “Twilight” story.

People make mistakes saying, “This is the next ‘Twilight.’” There are so many factors to why “Twilight” was phenomenal and why it was just a great partnership with music, in particular. It is like “Juno” (the 2007 comedy-drama film). You know when music is a character in the film that chances are the soundtrack is going to sell. If it’s an afterthought, it is probably not going to sell.

[A multi-platform marketing campaign capitalizing on the popularity of Stephenie Meyer's books led to the soundtrack to "Twilight" (Summit/Chop Shop/Atlantic) featuring Paramore, Linkin Park, Muse and the Black Ghosts, debuting at #1 on the Billboard 200 in 2008.

Convinced of a multi-format hit, Tortella pushed for placement and promotional support to drive soundtrack sales. She oversaw a pre-order of the soundtrack with while retailers like Wal-Mart, Barnes & Noble and Borders racked the soundtrack near Meyer's books.

"Twilight," "The Twilight Saga: New Moon," and "The Twilight Saga: Eclipse" and the recently released “The Twilight Saga Breaking Dawn—Part 1” have combined sold more than eight million copies worldwide.]

Alexandra Patsavas has overseen music for all of the “Twilight” properties. She’s pretty modest about what she does.

She doesn’t know her brilliance sometimes. She knows automatically what makes sense and what doesn’t make sense. It (her work) is so nuanced and it’s so particular that only if you are a music fan will you will be able to detect it. She really stays true to the film and to the property.

A lot of TV and film soundtracks are determined by deals.

Yes. Exactly, and then you compromise, and you can tell. Lyor always says, “The consumer is not a dummy.” They will hear compromise a million miles away. They know what the truth is.

Were you a music junkie when you were growing up in Montreal?

Yeah. I started a music magazine when I was in high school, The St. Pius Jam. I went to a high school called St. Pius. The magazine was mostly music and lifestyle coverage. At the time, I was really into…. Do you remember the Bat Cave movement (inaugurated from a scene at London’s Gothic rock club, the Batcave); Alien Sex Fiend and Specimen, as well as the Smiths. Anything that was kind of dark and pre-Emo, I loved. Anything coming out of the U.K.; I was also a huge Duran Duran fan. I started off loving—like every kid loves—hit radio. Then they branch out. Kid radio; then classic rock; and then it was New Wave and Sex Pistols. All of that stuff.

Did you buy UK imports?

I went to Duchies Record Cave in Montreal religiously every week, and picked up (the UK music magazines) Smash Hits, the magazine, and NME. I was definitely addicted. My brother (Sergio) who doesn’t like any rock music post 1983 because he’s a purist, keeps saying to me, “Do you remember when you were cool and you only listened to Black Sabbath? Now look at you.” Do you know who A&Red them at the time? Rob Cavallo. A long time ago. Do you remember when Metallica inducted Black Sabbath into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006? I used to look at it (the YouTube clip) online. The speech was so amazing that it brought tears to my eyes.

You started at PolyGram inc. in Montreal 1989, the same year as one of your favorite records, Neil Young’s “Keep Rocking In the Free World” came out.

I remember. Bob Ansell (VP of promotion and media relations) used to play it over the intercom every Friday at PolyGram. I started working for Bob in the promotion and publicity department. I did bios and publicity because I had majored in communications (earning a B.A.) at Concordia (Concordia University in Montreal). I did a lot of music writing at (the Concordia University student paper) The Link. So I did a lot of writing (at the label). I rewrote bios for awhile; then did campus radio promotion, and some radio promotion. About six or nine months in, Bob offered me a job as an A&R co-coordinator in the A&R department with Corky Laing and Larry Mazur. I worked with Men Without Hats, Sue Medley, and Bootsauce. That was the big one.

Did you work with Art Bergmann?

I loved Art Bergmann. That was the best signing that Corky and Bob did.

You were pretty young when you joined PolyGram.

Yes. I was fresh out of college. It was really funny because I was the music director of CRSG at Concordia, and when I was applying for the job, I was boycotting PolyGram at the time. Bob said, “You are suing us.” I thought, “That’s it. I’m not getting the job.” He said, “Why are you boycotting us?” I said, “Your fees are too high. You are overcharging us, and we don’t have a ton of money.” He kind of liked the idea that I was applying for a job and, at the same time, boycotting the label. At the time, he was just asking me what (music) I loved. I loved Beggars Banquet and 4AD (labels). PolyGram had the (Canadian) distribution deal for them. I loved every single act on Beggars Banquet. To this day, I adore (owner) Martin Mills, and everything they do.

When I walked into the building, I looked at the marketing director who did 4AD and Beggars Banquet and said, “I want that job. That’s the job that I want.” The only goal I had was to work the Pixies, Dead Can Dance, the Red House Painters, and the Cult. That’s all I wanted.

I learned so much from Bob. I didn’t really know what a record company really did when I came there.

[In March, 1991, PolyGram moved its promotion, marketing, and A&R departments from Montreal to Toronto. This followed PolyGram’s buy-out of A&M Records earlier.]

PolyGram had a great label roster in Canada.

It was fabulous. They were an amazing label. I think by 1992, I got that job handling 4AD and Beggar’s Banquet, and all of the U.K. repertoire. I was there 10 years—from 1989 to 1999. Then I moved to New York to join Island Def Jam. When John Reid moved to New York (as president of Island Def Jam Records USA) he asked me to come.

A big step moving to New York?

Yep. A really big step. At the time, I thought, “I could stay here, and I know exactly what my life could be. I really don’t know what life is there but…”

Did your sister Elsa, and brother Sergio encourage you to leave Canada?

Pretty much. They said, “You are never going to be asked to do this. This is amazing.” So I said, “Okay.” I gambled.

How scary was it for you to go to New York?

Really scary. I had a lot of people saying, “Aren’t you scared? People are intense there. What if you lose your job in six months?” It was at the time that all of the mergers were happening. I just said, “Well, I can always come back.” I just felt that it was worth trying. That was when I met Julie Greenwald and Lyor.

You were first a product manager for Island Def Jam in New York?

It turned out to be convenient because this was post-merger. I literally arrived there a month before Def Jam merged with us. So when Lyor came over, I knew a lot of the artists and managers because I had managed a lot of the labels in Canada. It ended up being very useful because I was a familiar face for a lot of the artists and managers when I arrived there. Everyone knew me from Canada and said, “I want to work with her.”

What did you first work on there?

I did Def Leppard. I continued with them because I had done them in Canada. So I got to work with Q-Prime Management again, which I had a long-standing relationship with. Then I worked with the “Notting Hill” soundtrack. That was one of the first things I worked on—and albums by Melissa Etheridge, and the Cranberries too.

Why the move to Atlantic in 2004 when (Atlantic Records Group Chairman/COO) Julie Greenwald brought you over?

It just felt very different after Lyor left (Island Def Jam in Jan. 2004). When Lyor left, it lost a lot of what I loved about the place. Lyor was the type of guy that everyone got to come to a meeting. He believes in very flat organizations. He needs to know everyone. Even though he worked within the (Universal Music) corporation, he distrusted it in terms of getting things done. Everything that he represented I identified with immediately. Then when L.A. Reid came, it became more vertical. All of a sudden certain people weren’t invited to meetings. You didn’t get to see L.A. every day. I realized how different it was working for people like Lyor and Julie (Greenwald) versus every other corporation in music at the time. At Universal, I didn’t know Doug Morris.

Like Island Def Jam, Atlantic has a considerable degree of autonomy that would be attractive to you.

I went through the biggest merger of all time with Universal and PolyGram. It was really disruptive. You could get caught up in that. Some real quality people left the company. It was definitely a bloodbath. Coming to New York, and seeing all of these people that I worked with when I was at Canada, and seeing all of the empty offices—it was probably the worst merger ever—I saw what that did. The Warner Music Group merger, in particular, the Atlantic and Elektra merger (in 2004), was difficult as well. But both of those labels together wasn’t amounting to a strong label at the time.

[Seagram's $10.6 billion acquisition of PolyGram in 1998 led to the merging of the music operations of PolyGram and MCA under the renamed Universal Music Group. When the smoke cleared from the merger that was followed by French utilities firm Vivendi's acquisition of Seagram’s in 2000, many former PolyGram executives had exited.]

Your mother Maria passed away four years ago. A difficult time for you being away from home?

I was in New York from 1999 to last year. It was really difficult. My mother was a huge part of my life. She was pretty awesome. It was really hard. Julie made it possible for me go and spend all of the time that I needed with my mother. She was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. She went very quickly. The fact that I was able to leave and be with her was incredible.

You asked if I had been afraid to go to New York. Everything that has happened in New York—about love and support from the people that you work for—was just so counter to what I was being told or that I was initially scared about coming. Julie and Lyor were just so supportive about the whole thing.

9/11 changed New York.

It totally changed it for me. I went for my green card right after 9/11. What I noticed was how everyone pulled together in the city and how emotional it was and how we really came together. It was just tiny. While everybody wanted to get out, I felt more connected to New York then ever after 9/11.

It may have been the thing that made you a New Yorker for life.

Without question. It’s funny that you bring it up but I would absolutely agree with that. It was a defining moment for me.

During your tenure as GM of Atlantic Records, you worked with Elektra Records’ founder Jac Holzman on the relaunch of Elektra and its 60th anniversary. You also had a hand in breaking Elektra artists Bruno Mars and Cee Lo.

That experience was amazing. He is such a legend. Jac was really incredible. We assembled a team for him. He knew every single person on the team. I was not only impressed by his knowledge of music, and everything that he had accomplished but what was even more impressive was how he led, and how he was with everyone.

Have you worked with Neil Young, yet?

Yes. He’s so amazing. When I met him, it was like when I went to Atlantic, and Rush was playing Radio City (Music Hall) dates. I had just got to Atlantic, and they brought me over to meet the band. I was like, “I can’t meet Rush. It’s too much.” I walked over, and met Geddy Lee. They introduced me as the new head of marketing, saying “and by the way, she’s Canadian.” Geddy said, “Give me a hug.” That was probably the best moment of my job as was meeting Neil Young and having him do the same thing. Elliot (Young’s manager, Elliot Roberts), said, “And she’s a Canadian.” Neil said, “Give me a hug.”

Larry LeBlanc is widely recognized as one of the leading music industry journalists in the world. Before joining CelebrityAccess in 2008 as senior editor, he was the Canadian bureau chief of Billboard from 1991-2007 and Canadian editor of Record World from 1970-89. He was also a co-founder of the late Canadian music trade, The Record. He has been quoted on music industry issues in hundreds of publications including Time, Forbes, and the London Times. He is co-author of the book “Music From Far And Wide.”


Industry Profile Archives:
Mick The DJ, DJ/Enterpeneur 04/30/15
Jeremy Lascelles & Robin Millar, Blue Raincoat Chrysalis Group 12/01/17
Joanne Abbot Green, CMJ Music Marathon and Film Festival 10/17/08
Lee Abrams, XM Satellite Radio 11/28/03
John Acquaviva, Fund Manager, DJ and Serial Entrepreneur 07/09/15
Jay Boy Adams, Roadhouse Transportation 05/04/07
Jamie Adler, Adler Entertainment Group 05/11/07
Gary Adler, National Association of Ticket Brokers 12/04/13
Rodney Afshari, Freeze Artist Management 03/01/02
JC Ahn, VU Entertainment 04/10/13
Steve Alaimo, Vision Records & Audio Vision Studios 05/26/06
Jaye Albright, Albright & O'Malley Consulting 07/19/10
Randy Alexander, Randex Communications 10/12/07
David Alexander, Sheer Publishing 07/21/16
Eva Alexiou-Reo, FATA Booking Agency 05/14/15
Marcie Allen, Mad Booking 12/14/00
Jeff Allen, Universal Attractions 08/16/02
Marcie Allen, MAC Presents 06/05/09
Marcie Allen Cardwell, MAC Presents 12/21/07
David Allgood, Bama Theatre 01/03/11
Patrick Allocco, AllGood Concerts 10/05/07
Michele Amar, French Embassy 05/26/16
Mike Amato, Rok Tours International 02/02/07
Jeff Apregan, Apregan Entertainment Group/Venue Coalition 09/30/15
Billy Atwell, AMP Studios 12/13/07
Bob Babisch, Milwaukee World Festivals Inc. 04/02/15
Tom Baggot, 05/02/03
Stephen Bailey, EPACC & Deleware Center For The Arts 02/06/04
Cary Baker, Conqueroo 05/11/11
Vince Bannon, Getty Images 07/05/11
Phil Barber, Barber & Associates 02/04/01
Camille Barbone, WineDark Records 12/09/05
Erin Barra, Musician/Producer/Educator 07/10/14
Ben Baruch, The Fox Theatre 09/27/08
Ben Baruch, By Larry LeBlanc (CelebrityAccess) 04/05/17
Paul Bassman, Ascend Insurance Brokerage 08/03/16
Adam Bauer, Fleming, Tamulevich & Associates 02/15/02
Ed Bazel, That's Entertainment International 10/05/01
Joachim Becker, ZOHO Music L.L.C. 01/12/07
Howard Becker, Comet Technologies 05/02/11
Mark Bego, Author 06/15/07
Jim Beloff, Flea Market Music 09/20/10
Richard Bengloff, The American Association of Independent Music (A2IM) 09/12/13
Seth Berg, South Bay Music 01/30/09
Aimee Berger, 2 Generations SPA Music Management 09/24/04
David Berger, Future Beat 10/29/14
Barry Bergman, Music Managers Forum 03/14/03
Steve Bernstein, Relix LLC 09/30/05
Mark Berry, Attack Media Group 04/07/07
Scott Billington, Rounder Records 01/17/12
Jeffrey Bischoff, Cinder Block 03/24/06
Sat Bisla, A&R Worldwide/ Musexpo 03/29/10
Nina Blackwood, Sirius Satellite Radio 07/14/06
Adam Block, Legacy Recordings 11/07/13
P.J. Bloom, Neophonic, Inc. 01/24/11
Rishon Blumberg, Brick Wall Management 06/27/03
Justin Bolognino, Learned Evolution, and The Meta Agency 04/25/13
Steve "Chopper" Borges, Total Pro and Borse Techos 03/03/06
Les Borsai, Mediocre Management 01/30/04
Shane Bourbonnais, Live Nation Canada 03/21/08
Jeff Bowen, Sears Centre Arena 03/13/08
Rick Bowen, Mystic Music Experience 07/11/08
John Boyle, Sanctuary Music Group 03/19/04
Jeff & Todd Brabec, Writers/Attorneys 01/03/12
Bill Bragin, Joe's Pub at the Public Theater 08/08/03
Joel Brandes, Avenue Management Group 11/02/08
Joe Brandmeier, Moving Pictures 03/15/02
Scooter Braun, SB Projects 12/13/10
Ron Brice, 3rd & Lindsley Bar & Grill 06/08/16
Billy Brill, Billy Alan Productions 11/11/05
Doug Brown, Talent Buyers Network 09/21/01
James Browne, Sweet Rhythm 11/01/02
Bob Brumley, Brumley Music Company 02/17/16
Tony Brummel, Victory Records 05/17/09
Charlie Brusco, TBA Entertainment Corporation 10/13/01
Del Bryant, BMI 05/18/07
Cortez Bryant, Bryant Management 12/06/10
Stephen Budd, Stephen Budd Management 07/13/17
Bruce Burch, University of Georgia Music Business Program 10/09/09
Deborah Burda, Kentucky Exposition Center 08/03/07
Patti Burgart, IEBA 06/07/02
Jordan Burger, The New Musiquarium 01/22/01
Ron Burman, Roadrunner Records 08/25/06
Suzanne Cadgene, Elmore 05/19/06
Karen Cadle, KGC Productions 03/12/04
Gary Calamar, KCRW 07/10/09
Charles Caldas, Merlin 07/05/10
Brian Camelio, ArtistShare 02/29/08
David Campbell, AEG Europe 08/02/10
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Entertainment Group 10/20/00
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Resort Casino 07/03/03
Tom Cantone, Mohegan Sun 08/30/09
Ashley Capps, A. C. Entertainment 05/21/04
Rio Caraeff, Vevo 07/12/11
Mike Carden, Eagle Rock Entertainment 08/16/11
Charles Carlini, Carlini Group 05/16/08
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 05/27/05
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 01/10/11
Troy Carter, Coalition Media Group 06/07/10
Daniel Catullo, Coming Home Studios 06/22/08
Raffi Cavoukian, Folk Singer/Children's Entertainer 05/11/16
Jeffrey Chabon, Chabon Entertainment Group 08/22/02
Mike Chadwick, Essential Music & Marketing 08/01/12
Rob Challice, Coda Music Agency 03/27/13
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 01/11/02
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 10/04/11
Lisa Cherniak, Artists Against Racism (AAR) 07/20/01
Bob Chiappardi, Concrete Marketing 06/13/03
Joel Chriss, Chriss & Co. 10/04/02
Michael Chugg, Michael Chugg Entertainment 09/14/01
Michael Chugg, Chugg Enterprises 10/02/09
Gary Churgin, Harry Fox Agency 09/13/10
Vinny Cinquemani, S.L. Feldman & Associates 12/13/12
Barry Coburn, Ten Ten Music Group 03/28/11
Matthew Cohen, Green Room Productions 10/19/01
Ted Cohen, TAG Strategic 01/10/13
Lisa Cohen, Associated Booking Corporation 02/10/06
Steve Cohen, Music + Art Management, Inc. 03/09/07
Dan Cohen, Music & Memory 01/12/17
Michael Cohl - Part 1, S2BN Entertainment 03/06/13
Michael Cohl - Part 2, S2BN Entertainment 03/13/13
Bryan Coleman, Union Entertainment Group 02/14/12
Mamie Coleman, Fox Broadcasting 07/05/12
Dennis Condon, Disneyland Resorts 07/13/01
Peter Conlon, Peter Conlon Presents 05/20/05
Tony Conway, Buddy Lee Attractions 10/06/00
Allen Cook, TOURtech 04/16/15
Tomas Cookman, Cookman International 09/05/03
Alex Cooley, Alex Cooley Presents 07/12/10
David Cooper, 10/31/03
Jay Cooper, Greenberg Traurig, LLP 05/23/11
Julie Coulter, Near North Insurance Groups 06/07/01
Amy Cox, Deep South Entertainment 02/09/07
Michael O. Crain, Crain Law Group, LLC 10/09/13
Charlie Cran, The Strawberry Music Festival 04/05/10
Jim Cressman, Invictus Entertainment Group 06/06/12
Russ Crupnick, MusicWatch, Inc. 07/23/15
Todd Culberhouse, Vision Management /Vision Records and Entertainment 09/05/08
Tony D'Amelio, Washington Speakers Bureau 04/21/06
Ruth Daniel, In Place of War 08/09/17
Ray Danniels, Standing Room Only Management, and the Anthem Entertainment Group 03/05/15
Ken Dashow, WAXQ-FM (l04.3 FM) - New York 09/08/06
Hal David, Lyricist 07/26/11
David Davidian, Independant Lighting Designer/Director 06/18/04
Anthony Davis, D&L Entertainment Services, Inc. 03/02/01
Chip Davis, American Gramaphone/Mannheim Steamroller 05/31/02
Mitch Davis, Tempest Entertainment 07/16/04
Jeff Dawson, Canadian Recording Services 06/08/08
Desiree Day, USO Celebrity Entertainment 08/10/01
Shauna de Cartier, Six Shooter Records/Six Shooter Management 10/23/13
Gene DeAnna, The Library of Congress 02/21/12
Vincent Degiorgio, Chapter 2 Productions 08/01/13
Tony DeLauro, DeLauro Management 12/23/04
Valerie Denn, Val Denn Agency 04/30/01
Val Denn, Val Denn Agency 03/06/14
Robert DePugh, Alligator Records 07/29/05
Tom Derr, Rock Ridge Music 10/29/04
Paul Dexter, Masterworks Lighting Design and Road Cases 12/10/04
Marty Diamond, Paradigm 01/22/10
Glenn Dicker, Redeye Distribution/Yep Roc Records 07/07/06
Barry Dickins, International Talent Booking Agency 06/06/13
Jim Digby, Event Safety Alliance 09/01/16
Mark Dinerstein, The Knitting Factory 11/17/06
Neill Dixon, Canadian Music Week 03/03/16
Thomas Dolby, Musician, academic, technologist, and author 11/09/16
Jasper Donat, Music Matters 2009/Branded 04/24/09
Jim Donio, National Association of Recording Merchandisers 04/22/11
Marc Dottore, M. Dottore Management 04/11/03
Tim Drake, The Roots Agency 12/12/08
Mike Dreese, Newbury Comics 11/23/11
Charles Driebe, Blind Ambition Management Ltd. 09/22/06
Jeremy Driesen, Ray Bloch Productions 09/07/01
Michael Drumm, Music Link Productions 07/18/08
Angie Dunn, Lucky Artist Booking 10/13/06
Jay Durgan, MEDIAmobz 11/09/11
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver's Division of Theatres & Arenas 08/02/02
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver’s Division of Theatres and Arenas 08/23/10
Paolo d’Alessandro, International Solutions 06/25/14
Ros Earls, 140dB Management 02/19/14
Art Edelstein, Festival Productions 12/01/02
Bruce Eisenberg, Audio Analysts 08/31/01
Martin Elbourne, The Glastonbury Festival 12/18/09
Michael Elder, Red Entertainment 03/17/06
Tod Elmore, Sixthman 11/24/06
Paul Emery, Clear Channel Entertainment 11/19/04
Arty Erk, Citrin Cooperman 04/27/16
Joe Escalante, Kung Fu Records 07/08/05
Colin Escott, Music Historian/Journalist 07/18/11
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 09/27/02
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 04/24/12
Mike Esterman, Esterman Entertainment 09/01/06
Jeff Eyrich, BePop Records 11/25/05
Bob Ezrin, Bigger Picture Group 05/24/09
Lisa Fancher, Frontier Records 08/09/10
Rick Farman, Superfly Productions 10/15/04
Ray Farrell, eMusic 06/09/06
Sam Feldman, S.L. Feldman & Associates 10/25/02
Bob Feldman, Red House Records 11/24/02
Charlie Feldman, BMI 08/26/05
Paul Fenn, Asgard Promotions 11/22/09
Debra "Fergy" Ferguson, TourDesign 08/01/03
Pete Fisher, Grand Ole Opry 09/11/09
David Fishof, David Fishof Presents 01/08/01
David Fishof, Rock 'N Roll Fantasy 10/05/08
David Fishof, Rock ’n’ Roll Fantasy Camp 02/28/12
Mike Flanagin, New England Country Music Festival 09/12/08
Joel Flatow, RIAA 12/13/11
Jim Fleming, Fleming Artists 03/20/10
Joe Fletcher, Joe Fletcher Presents 01/12/06
Jeff Fluhr, StubHub 10/06/06
Nancy Fly, The Nancy Fly Agency 04/02/04
Arthur Fogel, Live Nation 08/09/09
Martin Folkman, Independent Music Awards & Music Resource Group 08/11/06
Belle Forino, Fantasma Tours 03/18/05
Fletcher Foster, Universal Records South 07/31/09
Sam Foxman, Contemporary Productions 01/06/06
Todd Frank, 4Star Entertainment, LLC 01/24/03
Bob Frank, Koch Entertainment 01/09/09
Larry Frank, Frank Productions 01/17/11
Mike Fraser, Record Producer/Engineer 10/11/08
Carl Freed, Metropolitan Entertainment 06/22/01
Elizabeth Freund, Beautiful Day Media & Management 01/26/07
Harlan Frey, Roadrunner Records 07/11/03
Adam Friedman, Nederlander Concerts 06/22/07
Ted Gardner, Larrikin Management 04/25/03
Daniel Gélinas, Festival d’été de Québec 05/23/13
Marci Geller, Sonic Underground 08/15/08
Chris Gero, Yamaha Entertainment Group 10/26/16
Steve Gerstman, SGS 07/19/02
Sandra Gibson, The Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/09/04
Sandra L. Gibson, Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/16/09
Steve Gietka, Trump Properties 07/30/01
Steve Gietka, SMG Entertainment 03/19/14
Darren Gilmore, Watchdog Management 03/17/16
Daniel Glass, Glassnote Entertainment Group 10/16/14
Jake Gold, The Management Trust 04/13/01
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 09/07/07
Harris Goldberg, Concert Ideas 06/27/11
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 04/16/14
Martin Goldschmidt, Cooking Vinyl Group 09/29/16
Harvey Goldsmith, Harvey Goldsmith Productions 06/28/10
Michael Goldstein, RockPoP Gallery 11/09/07
Seth Goldstein, 09/20/11
Anna Paula Goncalves, CEO Global Brand Appeal 08/20/14
Arnie Goodman, Blue Storm Music 11/15/02
Wesley Goodman, Red Entertainment 09/16/05
Richard Goodstone, Superfly Productions 01/27/06
Christie Goodwin, Photographer 03/18/15
Rob Gordon, What Are Records? LTD 02/01/02
Steve Gordon, Entertainment Attorney 08/06/04
Yoav Goren, Immediate Music & Imperativa Records 06/10/14
Mike Gormley, L.A. Personal Development 11/10/06
Jonathan Gosselin, Gosselin Marketing & Promotions 07/02/04
Richard Gottehrer, The Orchard 04/10/09
Sean Goulding, The Agency Group London 09/12/12
Jerimaya Grabher, RPM Direct 09/26/03
Mary Granata, The Granata Agency 09/06/10
Kelly Graves, Providence Performing Arts Center/Professional Facilities Management 01/20/02
Stan Green, Stanley A. Green Lighting and Productions 12/12/03
Mark Green, Celebrity Talent Agency Inc. / Bergen Performing Arts Center 08/12/05
Jeffrey Green, Americana Music Association 03/10/06
Paul Green, The School of Rock 07/06/08
Benjy Grinberg, Rostrum Records 12/06/11
Brent Grulke, SXSW 03/06/09
Michael Gudinski, The Mushroom Group 10/29/15
Phil Guiliano, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. & OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/25/05
Steve Gumble, SBG Productions 06/16/06
Greg Hagglund, Vivelo! 05/07/04
Rodney Hall, FAME Music Group 11/06/09
Rob Hallett, Robomagic 02/05/15
Craig Hankenson, Producers, Inc 02/23/06
Kerry Hansen, Wynonna Incorporated 10/03/03
Eric Hanson, Ted Kurland Associates 12/20/02
Eric Hanson, Tree Lawn Artists 03/23/07
Rusty Harmon, MTM Music Management 12/06/07
Ali Harnell, Clear Channel Entertainment Nashville 08/15/03
Bob Harris, 02/06/09
Evan Harrison, Huka Entertainment 12/08/16
David Hart, The Agency Group 02/20/04
Laura Hassler, Musicians without Borders 12/02/15
Abe Hathot, Musician, composer, and music producer. 12/21/16
Steve Hecht, Piedmont Talent 08/29/12
Travis Hellyer, Mezzanine 09/02/05
Janie Hendrix, Experience Hendrix 02/01/10
Nona Hendryx, Rhythmbank Entertainment 06/02/06
Dan Herrington, Dualtone Records 07/25/03
Sara Hickman, Sleeveless/Stingray 06/30/06
Dan Hirsch, On Board Entertainment 04/04/03
Nick Hobbs, Charmenko 12/14/01
Carel Hoffman, Hilltop Live/Oppikoppi Productions 11/07/12
Ian Hogarth, Songkick 08/09/11
Gene Hollister, Rose Presents 04/08/01
Rusty Hooker, Rock Steady Management Agency 02/16/01
Jake Hooker, Hook Entertainment 05/10/02
Martin Hopewell, Primary Talent International 04/19/02
Tom Hoppa, TKO Booking Agency 09/29/06
Bobbie Horowitz, Times Square Group 01/04/02
Barney Hoskyns, Rock's Backpages 11/01/11
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 10/27/00
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 01/22/14
Andi Howard, Peak Records and Andi Howard Entertainment 09/02/03
Barbara Hubbard, ACTS 09/12/03
Laurent Hubert, BMG US 11/12/15
Seth Hurwitz, I.M.P. 04/20/09
Ariel Hyatt, Author, and founder of Cyber PR 11/23/16
Mark Hyman, Ashley Talent International 11/09/01
Brett Hyman, Category 5 Entertainment 07/23/04
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 08/17/01
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 05/28/14
Doug Isaac, Super Bowl Concert Series Producer (EXI) 08/24/01
David Israelite, National Music Publishers' Association 11/29/08
Tom Jackson, Tom Jackson Productions 02/06/13
Jay Jacobs, Parc Landon 09/21/07
Larry Jacobson, World Audience 09/17/04
Audra Jaeger, The Management Trust 05/09/03
Ralph James, The Agency Group 01/31/11
Jeffrey Jampol, Jampol Artist Management 07/18/12
Jean Michel Jarre, International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers (CISAC) 06/19/13
Michael Jaworek, The Birchmere 05/08/09
Peter Jesperson, New West Records 11/03/06
John Jeter, The Handlebar 08/15/12
Mike Johnson, Groundrush Media 02/17/06
Andrea Johnson, ICM Partners 11/02/17
Mike Gormley & Jolene Pellant, Yes, Dear Entertainment 04/23/10
Susan Joseph, Justice Entertainment Group 02/21/11
Darren Julien, Julien's Auctions 10/25/10
Henry Juszkiewicz, Gibson Guitars 09/28/10
Justin Kalifowitz, Downtown Publishing 04/20/17
Leonard Kalikow, Music Business Reference, Inc. 06/26/08
Craig Kallman, Atlantic Records 03/20/09
Steve Kane, Warner Music Canada 02/09/17
Danny Kapilian, Independent Producer 07/12/02
Mike Kappus, The Rosebud Agency 10/26/09
Andy Kaufman, Birdland 05/17/02
Wendy Kay, Mars Talent Agency 03/09/01
Lucas Keller, The Collective 03/22/11
Marty Kern, Clemson University 07/07/01
Carlos Keyes, Red Entertainment 10/08/04
Golnar Khosrowshahi, Reservoir Media Management 10/24/12
Martin Kierszenbaum, Interscope/Cherrytree Records 09/06/09
Barney Kilpatrick, Rattlesby Records 10/28/05
John Kinsner, The Walnut Room 03/28/08
Doug Kirby, LiveTourArtists 10/24/03
Steve Kirsner, Compaq Center 06/29/01
JoAnne Klabin, Sweet Relief 03/21/03
Andrew Klein, Revolution Marketing 11/05/04
Larry Klein, Producer, bassist, songwriter 03/13/12
Jack Kleinsinger, Highlights in Jazz 04/25/08
Ann Kline, Casa Kline 09/04/14
Brian Knaff, Talent Buyers Network 09/29/01
Kymberlee Knight, IEBA 11/16/00
Mike Kociela, 360 Productions 05/30/08
Stefan Kohlmeyer, Bach Technology 02/08/10
Lily Kohn, Microsoft Corporation 02/14/11
Tim Kolleth, Alligator Records 01/25/08
Al Kooper, Musician/songwriter/producer/author 02/06/14
Mitchell Koulouris, Digital Musicworks International, Inc. 02/11/05
Mark Krantz, John Schreiber Group 06/15/01
Jeff Krasno, Velour Music Group 11/19/07
Jeffrey Kruger, The Kruger Organisation 01/25/02
Harvey Kubernik, Author/historian/music journalist 08/20/15
Ted Kurland, Ted Kurland Associates 01/15/01
Jordan Kurland, Zeitgeist Artist Management 08/23/11
Carianne Laguna, Blackheart Records 03/07/08
Brady Lahr, Kufala Recordings 04/30/04
Ernie Lake, EL Records 01/19/07
Roks Lam, Wolfman Jack Entertainment 12/17/04
Anni Lam, Parc Landon 06/29/07
Gary Lane, CenterLane Attractions 10/14/05
Tom LaPenna, Lucky Man Productions 09/10/04
Camilo Lara, EMI Music Mexico/MIS 08/10/07
Gary Lashinsky, Lipizzaner Tours 05/13/05
Gregg Latterman, Aware Records 12/13/02
Tony Laurenson, Eat to the Beat 02/27/04
Emily Lazar, The Lodge 10/15/15
Bill Leabody, Leabody Systems 06/10/05
Peter Leak, 24-7 Worldwide Management 03/28/12
Steve Leeds, SR. VP/Promotion/Rock Formats at Virgin Records 07/26/02
Elliot Lefko, Goldenvoice 09/21/17
Bob Lefsetz, The Lefsetz Letter 11/14/08
Carl Leighton-Pope, Leighton-Pope Organisation 07/05/09
Steve Lemon, Live 4 Live, Inc. 12/06/02
Randy Lennox, Universal Music Canada 06/24/15
Simma Levine, Disson Furst and Partners 11/10/00
Andy Levine, Sixthman 06/08/07
Rich Levy, Clear Channel Entertainment Properties 06/25/04
Eddie Levy, Chelsea Music Publishing 07/24/14
Myles Lewis, Denise Rich Songs 12/20/10
Adam Lewis, Planetary Group 01/20/16
Terry Lickona, Austin City Limits 03/14/11
Justine Liddelow, Stage and Screen Travel Services 08/31/11
Jim Lidestri, Border City Media 09/03/15
Larry Lieberman, 4EverWild 03/28/03
Eric Lilavois, Crown City Studios, and London Bridge Studio 12/10/14
Miriam Linna, Norton Records 05/18/17
Marc Lipkin, Alligator Records 03/05/05
Tommy LiPuma (Part 1), Verve Records 11/08/10
Tommy LiPuma (Part 2), Verve Records 11/15/10
Alexander Ljung, SoundCloud 10/04/10
Andy Lo Russo, The Singing Chef 12/16/05
Phil Lobel, Lobeline Communications 08/13/04
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 01/21/05
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 05/17/10
Julie Lokin, New Audiences 03/23/01
Dave Lory, Artemis Records 03/30/02
Max Loubiere, Tour Director 04/11/12
Mark Lourie, Skyline Music 03/08/02
Dave Lucas, Live-360 04/28/06
Joe Lucchese, EventJoe 02/23/07
Kevin Lyman, 4 fini 03/30/01
Kevin Lyman, Vans Warped Tour 05/23/12
Jennifer Lyon, MeanRed Productions 01/18/18
Bubba Mac, 09/14/07
David Macias, Emergent Music Marketing 06/17/05
Kristen Madsen, Grammy Foundation and MusiCares 11/22/10
Larry Magid, Larry Magid Entertainment 05/04/10
Peter Malkin, PM Management 02/07/03
Toby Mamis, Alive Enterprises 02/12/01
Billy Mann, Green & Bloom | Topl1ne, Manncom 09/18/14
Tasea Margeolas, Multi Entertainment 06/23/06
Tony Margherita, dBpm Records 09/06/11
Bob Roux & Mark Campana, Live Nation 12/20/11
Lee Marshall, Magic Arts & Entertainment 09/13/02
Zach Martin, Radio Producer at New York's WAXQ-FM 08/30/02
Mario Martin, Gorgeous PR 04/27/07
Molly Martinez, Ticket Summit 2008 05/23/08
Paul Mascioli, Mascioli Entertainment 01/14/05
Michael Maska, Big Hassle 01/28/05
Ted Mason, Mi-5 Recordings 11/16/01
Steve Masur, Masur & Associates, LLC 11/21/03
Pam Matthews, The Ryman Auditorium 04/08/05
Terry McBride, Nettwerk Music Group 03/01/10
Michael McCarty, ole 06/20/11
Jim McDonald, McDonald Group 12/19/03
Virginia McEnerney, HeadCount 11/26/07
Doc McGhee, McGhee Entertainment 06/14/10
Camilla McGuinn, Tour Manager 08/24/07
Andy McLean, North By Northeast (NXNE) 04/01/05
Dennis McNally, Grateful Dead historian/publicist 09/06/02
Garry McQuinn, Back Row Productions 06/14/11
Ruthann McTyre, The Rita Benton Music Library; and president of the Music Library Association 08/31/10
Dick McVey, Musician's Referral Service 10/27/07
Katherine McVicker, Music Works International 01/08/15
John Meglen, Concerts West/AEG Live 02/21/13
Mark Meharry, Music Glue 05/28/15
Jorge Mejia, Sony/ATV Music Publishing 09/17/15
Dan Melnick, Festival Productions, Inc. 02/22/02
André Ménard, Festival International de Jazz de Montréal 06/12/09
Bob Merlis, Merlis For Hire/Memphis International Records 01/16/04
Doug Merrick, Cumberland Talent Agency and Merrick Music Group 07/21/06
Louis Messina, The Messina Group 10/22/04
Louis Messina, The Messina Group/AEG Live 07/17/09
Louis Jay Meyers, North American Folk Music and Dance Alliance 03/30/07
Louis Jay Meyers, Folk Alliance International 01/23/09
Todd Miller, House Of Blues - New Orleans 11/14/03
Jeff Miller, Fantasma Productions 03/16/07
Ben Miller, Rock Ridge Music 11/02/07
J. B. Miller, Empire Entertainment 08/22/08
Richard Mills, S.L. Feldman 11/02/09
Marty Monson, Barbershop Harmony Society 07/07/16
Linda Moran, Songwriters Hall of Fame (SHOF) 04/05/09
Jesse Morreale, Nobody In Particular Presents (NIPP) 09/20/02
Chuck Morris, Live Rocky Mountains 09/28/09
Mo Morrison, Independent production 05/24/02
Kevin Morrow, Steel Wool Entertainment 01/25/17
Nick Moss, Blue Bella Records 11/30/07
Jim Musselman, Appleseed Recordings 04/14/06
Natalia Nastaskin, United Talent Agency 04/13/16
Marc Nathan, Flagship Records 07/01/05
David Neilon, Rising Star Promotions 11/30/01
Don Neuen, Star Coaches Inc. 10/10/12
Dennis Newhall, DIG Music 10/07/05
John Nittolo, John Nittolo Productions 04/13/07
Ian Noble, Metropolitan Talent 05/23/03
Fabricio Nobre, A Construtora Música e Cultura 05/04/17
Josh Norek, JN Media, LLC 07/05/02
David Norman, Tour Manager 04/20/07
Mimi Northcott, Canadian Recording Services (CRS) 04/11/08
Bill Nowlin, Rounder Records 01/05/07
John Nugent, NY JAM Inc. 11/08/02
Andy Nulman, Just For Laughs 11/20/13
Sal Nunziato, NYCD 06/01/01
Bob O'Neal, Ryman Auditorium 06/28/02
Andrea Orbeck, Prehab Health and Fitness 03/15/10
Heather Orser, Toad's Place 01/29/01
Janet Oseroff, MultiMediaProperties 11/18/05
Marc Ostrow, Boosey & Hawkes 12/05/08
Riley O’Connor, Live Nation Canada 07/24/09
Jeremy Palmer, Buddy Lee Attractions 11/02/01
John Palmer, Megawave Records 08/31/07
Panos Panay, Sonicbids 12/23/05
Julien Paquin, Paquin Artists Agency 04/30/14
Graham Parker, WQXR-FM 11/26/14
Crispin Parry, British Underground 02/24/08
Donald Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 04/09/10
Donald S. Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 01/06/16
Bruce Patron, Overland Entertainment 07/28/06
Alexandra Patsavas, Chop Shop Music 09/27/11
Cheryl Pawelski, Omnivore Entertainment Group 09/26/13
Kerry Peace, Alligator Records 08/18/06
Eric Peltoniemi, Red House Records 12/14/09
Scott Perry, Sperry Media 03/11/05
Lawrence Peryer, Jr., 23 Omnimedia 11/07/08
John Peters, MassConcerts 06/07/11
Holger Petersen, Stony Plain Records 04/15/05
Jon Phillips, Silverback Professional Artist Mgmt/Controlled Substance Sound 08/29/08
Dave Pichilingi, Sound City 03/30/16
Vince Pileggi, Music Inc./Music Inc. Sounds 12/01/06
Eric Pirritt, Endit! Presents / The Fox Theatre 10/17/03
Neil Portnow, The Recording Academy 02/08/11
Louis Posen, Hopeless Records 04/04/11
Stephen Posen, Estate of Glenn Gould 01/23/13
Nadia Prescher, Madison House 06/20/03
Jeff Price, TuneCore 02/28/11
Tom Principato, Powerhouse Records 02/01/08
Roger Probert, Core Records 12/08/06
John "Grinder" Procaccini, JP Squared (JP2) 01/17/03
Mark Pucci, Independent Music Publicist 09/09/05
David Pullman, The Pullman Group 11/03/00
Rod Quinton, Saigon Sound System 04/18/11
Dolphus Ramseur, Ramseur Records 10/19/07
Jack Randall, Ted Kurland Associates 04/05/02
Jack Randall, The Kurland Agency 03/08/17
Debra Rathwell, AEG Live 05/03/13
Jeff Ravitz, Visual Terrain 02/08/08
Paul Reed, Association of Independent Festivals (AIF) 06/14/17
Rich Rees, M.P.I. Talent Agency 09/19/08
John Reese, Freeze Artist Management 08/01/08
Bill Reeves, WRIII, Inc. 10/20/06
Stephen Rehage, Rehage Entertainment 07/30/04
Lisa Reiss, Pearl Productions 08/17/07
Salaam Remi, Composer, producer, musician and label executive. 01/08/14
David Renzer, Universal Music Publishing Group 08/23/09
Alison Richard, Universal Orlando Resort 05/06/05
Kelli Richards, The All Access Group 02/07/12
Gary Richards, HARD Events 08/29/13
Sam Righi, Waterfront Entertainment Group 05/30/03
Jon Rinaldo, Joker Productions 01/02/04
Geary Rindels, Geary Rindels Enterprises, Inc. 12/05/03
Doreen Ringer Ross, BMI 01/18/08
Lisette Rioux, Island Def Jam Music Group 05/16/03
Dave Roberge, Everfine Records & Everfine Artist Management 12/03/04
Sandy Roberton, Worlds End Producer Management 02/20/09
Ty Roberts, Gracenote 01/31/12
Bill Rogers, BRE Presents 07/13/07
Ian Rogers, Topspin Media 06/01/10
Benji Rogers, PledgeMusic 12/19/13
Dave Rose, Deep South Entertainment 09/15/06
Eric Rosen, Ronald S. Bienstock & Associates 05/25/01
Stuart Ross, The Ross Group 02/23/01
David Ross, President IAAM; Director, Show Me Center 09/23/05
Jack Ross, APA Canada 09/07/17
Bobby Rossi, Ruth Eckerd Hall 02/28/03
Michael Rothschild, Landslide Records 04/29/05
Robert Rowland, Red Entertainment 06/13/08
Bill Royston, Mt. Hood Jazz Festival 03/07/03
John Rudolph, Bug Music 05/24/10
Elizabeth Rush, E.R.A. / Elizabeth Rush Agency 08/20/04
Aran Rush, Expo and Foro Imperial 02/16/07
Maurice Russell, Harry Fox Agency 10/21/05
Barron Ruth, Skyline Music 02/14/03
Andrea Sabata, Skyline Music 01/07/05
Numa Saisselin, Count Basie Theatre, Inc. 02/04/05
Ron Sakamoto, Gold & Gold Productions 01/16/10
David Salidor, dis Company 07/20/07
Shaw Saltzberg, S. L. Feldman and Associates 06/21/10
Bruce Allen & Sam Feldman, A&F Music 12/19/08
Mark Samuels, Basin Street Records 06/11/04
Jacqueline Saturn, Harvest Records 01/21/15
Tamara Saviano, American Roots Publishing 07/22/05
Tamara Saviano, Author, journalist, and producer 08/18/16
Michael Scafuto, Mountain High Entertainment 12/07/01
Steve Schankman, Contemporary Productions 12/21/01
Steve Scharf, Carlin America 10/11/02
John Scher, Metropolitan Talent 11/21/08
Al Schmitt, Producer/Engineer 02/13/10
Bobby Schneider, Tour Coordinator, Third Eye Blind 01/31/03
Jake Schneider, Madison House 04/02/14
Steven Schnur, EA Music Group 07/03/13
Elaine Schock, Shock Ink 02/19/10
Stacy Schott, Mad Booking and Events 08/22/03
Daylle Schwartz, Revenge Productions 08/19/05
Dean Sciarra, 11/26/04
Joel Selvin, Author and Journalist 08/07/14
Jay Sendyk, Sendyk, Leonard & Company, Inc. 05/03/02
Jonathan Shank, Red Light Management 12/13/17
Peter Shapiro, Ideal Entertainment 04/16/04
Peter Shapiro, Dayglo Ventures/Brooklyn Bowl 11/15/17
Seth Sheck, Access Pass & Design 01/03/03
Seth Sheck, ACCESS Event Solutions 06/22/16
Seth Shomes, The Agency Group 11/12/14
Jay Sieleman, The Blues Foundation 07/18/03
Anya Siglin, The Ark 03/05/10
Bill Silva, Bill Silva Entertainment 10/19/10
Tom Silverman, Tommy Boy Entertainment 03/06/12
Steve Simon, Clear Channel Communications 05/14/04
Ralph Simon, Live Earth 07/06/07
Ralph Simon, Mobilium 04/12/11
Michael Simon, The Harry Fox Agency 08/14/13
Ron Simpson, RCS Productions 01/11/08
John Simson, SoundExchange 07/15/05
Dion Singer, Warner Bros. 12/07/09
Gram Slaton, The Community Arts Center 02/25/05
Owen Sloane, Gladstone Michel Weisberg Willner & Sloane 10/11/10
Peter Smidt, Eurosonic Noorderslag & manager Buma Cultuur 07/17/13
Garrison Snell, Gyrosity Projects 02/23/17
Mike Snider, Paradigm Talent Agency Nashville 05/17/11
Andrew Snowhite, Musictoday 05/04/01
Bruce Solar, The Agency Group 05/14/14
Nikki Solgot, Circle Talent Agency 02/18/15
Michael Solomon, Brick Wall Management 05/25/07
Mark Sonder, Mark Sonder Productions 07/25/08
Steve Sonnier, UIC Pavilion at the University of Illinois, Chicago 09/03/04
Kathy Spanberger, peermusic 06/20/12
Carolyn Specht, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. and OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/26/04
David Spelman, New York Guitar Festival 10/01/04
Jason Spiewak, Rock Ridge Music 04/07/06
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 11/29/12
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 02/18/05
Jeremy Stephan, Ventures, LLC 04/23/04
Walter Stewart, Mars Talent Agency 02/21/03
Gail Stocker, Gail Stocker Presents 11/12/04
Jon Stoll, Fantasma Productions 10/13/00
Jesse Stoll, AEG 06/27/09
Henry Stone, Henry Stone Music 06/24/05
Jason Stone, Live Nation New York 03/31/06
Howard Stovall, Resource Entertainment Group 05/28/04
Cameron Strang, New West Records 10/18/02
Don Strasburg, AEG Live Rocky Mountains 02/27/09
Barbara Strauss, Sovereign Ventures 05/12/06
Richard Stumpf, Cherry Lane Publishing 08/07/06
Deb Suckling, SUGARRUSH Music 07/27/17
Patrick Sullivan, RightsFlow 10/25/11
Bernie Swain & Harry Rhodes, Jr., Washington Speakers Bureau 12/07/00
Dean Swett, Paramour Group 06/14/02
Jake Szufnarowski, Rocks Off 05/02/08
Marc Tanner, Chime Entertainment 12/22/06
Donald Tarlton, The Donald K Donald Group 04/12/02
Tess Taylor, Los Angeles Music Network 08/09/02
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Chris Taylor, Taylor 03/15/09
Peter Tempkins, DeWitt Stern Group 03/16/01
Peter Tempkins, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 03/27/09
Lisa Tenner, Tenner & Associates (EAT'M) 08/06/01
Jeremy Tepper, Diesel Only Records 10/10/03
Allan Tepper, Bicycle Music Company 09/28/07
Martin Terefe, Kensaltown Studios 05/31/11
Milun Tesovic, MetroLeap Media 10/18/09
Mandar Thakur, Times Music 08/06/15
Jerry Thompson, Promoter Line Inc. 03/05/04
Jose Tillan, MTV Networks Latin America 12/02/05
Jon Tiven, Hormone Studios 08/05/05
Adam Tobey, Concert Ideas 08/24/17
Rob Tonkin, Marketing Factory 12/17/15
John "J.T." Toomey, 25/8 Management 11/15/11
Livia Tortella, Warner Bros. Records 01/10/12
Phil Tripp, IMMEDIA! 01/19/06
Claudio Trotta, Barley Arts Promotion 11/26/01
Chris Tsakalakis, StubHub 01/11/10
Ben Turner, Graphite Media 05/10/10
Steve Vai, Favored Nations Entertainment 04/26/02
John Valentino, Fantasma Productions 04/18/03
John Valentino, AEG Live SE 11/01/10
Don Van Cleave, Coalition of Independent Music Stores 04/09/04
Casey Verbeck, Partners in Music 06/06/03
David "Boche" Viecelli, The Billions Corporation 04/18/10
Marsha Vlasic, Artist Group International 05/31/17
Mat Vlasic, Bravado 06/28/17
Ray Waddell, Billboard Magazine 08/27/04
Rob Waggener, Foundations Recovery Network 03/07/11
Jim Walczak, Racine Civic Centre 06/03/05
Jeff Walker, The AristoMedia Group 08/16/10
Carla Wallace, Big Yellow Dog Music 11/04/05
Russell Wallach, Live Nation Network 03/20/12
Steve Walter, The Cutting Room 10/24/08
Neil Warnock, The Agency Group 05/02/09
Diane Warren, Realsongs 08/14/09
Butch Waugh, RCA Label Group Nashville 01/10/03
Lauren Wayne, The State Theatre 05/09/12
Kirt Webster, Webster PR 02/03/16
Ken Weinstein, Big Hassle Media 04/22/05
Bruce Weinstein, Bethel Woods Center for the Arts 02/15/08
Larry Weintraub, Fanscape 05/18/01
Pam Weiser, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 10/11/11
Kevin Welk, Welk Music Group 01/24/12
D-J Wendt, Dmand Management 05/09/08
Alison Wenham, Worldwide Independent Network 02/13/09
Bill Werde, Billboard 08/03/11
Joel Whitburn, Record Research 11/13/09
Judd White, Tour Manager/Accountant 02/13/04
Jeff White, In Ticketing 12/16/06
Adam White, Author 09/14/16
Lisa White, Pearl Street Warehouse 10/04/17
Adam Wilkes, AEG Live Asia 10/13/16
Fenton Williams, 04/04/08
Del Williams, Right Arm Entertainment 04/18/08
Bryan "Birdman" Williams, Cash Money Records 09/13/11
Paul Williams, ASCAP 10/19/11
J.P. Williams, Parallel Entertainment 10/03/12
Kurt Willms, Green Room Productions 09/20/03
Chris Wilson, Heartbeat Records 03/02/07
Tony Wilson, Factory Records/In The City 06/01/07
Tom Windish, The Windish Agency 07/26/10
John Wiseman, XL Touring Video 05/05/06
Thom Wolke, 02/08/02
Michael Wood, City Lights Entertainment 08/08/08
Keith Wortman, Blackbird Presents 03/22/17
Nigel Wright, Independant Record Producer 11/07/03
Dusty Wright, 07/27/07
Jeremiah “Ice” Younossi, A-List Talent 09/20/09
Gail Zappa, The Zappa Family Trust 10/02/14
Kevin 'Chief' Zaruk, Chief Music Management 06/10/15
Ron Zeelens, RAZco Visas 04/20/01
Rick Zeiler, Sidney Frank Importing Company 06/04/04
Danny Zelisko, Live Nation 06/19/09
Jason Zink, Emporium Presents 10/19/17
Hillary Zuckerberg, Brick Wall Management. 07/09/04
Steve Zuckerman, Global Entertainment and Media Summit 03/22/02
Paul Zullo, Muze 01/23/04
Nanette Zumwalt, Hired Power 02/03/06


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