Industry Profile: Scott Billington

— By Larry LeBlanc (CelebrityAccess MediaWire)

This week In the Hot Seat with Scott Billington, vice president of A&R, Rounder Records.

It’s snap easy to explain what producer/label executive Scott Billington has meant to American music—especially to New Orleans and Louisiana music—over the past three decades.

Billington has over 100 albums to his credit, and you have to dig deep to find a dud in the batch.

He has worked with Irma Thomas, Johnny Adams, Ruth Brown, Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown, Boozoo Chavis, Buckwheat Zydeco, the Dirty Dozen Brass Band, Beau Jocque, Solomon Burke, Charlie Rich and many others.

Billington has worked for Massachusetts-based Rounder Records for over 30 years. He is currently its VP of A&R.

A studio warrior, Billington oversaw production of a new album, “Unlock Your Mind” by the Soul Rebels that will be released by Rounder on Jan. 31, 2012. Guest musicians on the record by this genre-breaking New Orleans brass band include Trombone Shorty, and Cyril Neville.

While Concord Music Group's 2010 acquisition of Rounder Records came as a surprise to many, the label’s individual catalogs have unquestionably made the two entities a more natural fit than expected.

Since its beginning in 1970, Rounder Records has been one of the music industry’s most prominent labels, and distributors. Its 3,000 album catalog covers the full gamut of American roots music, including folk, bluegrass, blues, zydeco, Cajun, and soul.

Launched in 1972 as a jazz imprint, Concord—which later became part of Village Roadshow Entertainment—had acquired Fantasy which owned the Stax label in 2004; and bought classical label Telarc in 2005.

Both Rounder and Concord are distributed by Universal Music Group Distribution.

This month, Louisiana’s influential OffBeat magazine has recognized Billington’s work with its Lifetime Achievement in Music Business Award.

How busy are you as a producer these days?

I have made two records in New Orleans in the past year. The Soul Rebels (““Unlock Your Mind”) which is coming out Jan. 31 on Rounder; and I just remixed a new Dirty Dozen Brass Band record. I worked with the Dirty Dozens years ago. I made their four records on Columbia. They just called me up, and asked if I would work with them on their new record. I did that as a freelancer. I took off some time to work on that record.

Do people still want to make records for Rounder?

Oh, absolutely, absolutely.

With music sales slipping, why sign with Rounder today? What’s your argument?

When the right artist comes along that is right for the Rounder team…We have about 30 people working here in Burlington, Massachusetts now. We also have the resources of the Concord Music Group out in California which now owns Rounder. We have a much bigger international reach than we ever had before. (We have) the ability to get records out all around the world. Even when Rounder has been distributed by Universal (on its own), it was more or less in North America.

So it has to be the right match. When our team can engage, and can go out there with all cylinders firing at once—the press and publicity, the online marketing, which is increasingly important, radio, street teams—all of these different things. If you get everything working in synchronicity, and it’s the right record, and if there’s a good enough story to get out there to people, we can still be a viable partner for someone accomplishing things that they are never going to accomplish on their own.

But the bind we are in today, when it comes to all of the different kinds of root music, is retail has vastly been diminished. There’s no Tower Records or Borders anymore. They used to stock all of our stuff. And with the flood of music that just comes out every day—everybody is making records—you have got to have absolutely great music, and you’ve got to have a great story in order to rise above that great sea of noise.

American roots music continues to travel well as an export.

Yes, I think that is still true. But, the changes have just been so profound over the past few years. It used to be possible for us to sell, maybe, between 7,500 and 15,000 or 20,000 copies of any really good roots record that we made; whether it was bluegrass or reggae or New Orleans or zydeco. The point came when we could only sell 2,000 or 3,000 (copies) now with retail gone; and, maybe, there’s downloading or whatever. So it was no longer a viable, economic model for us to continue making records of much of the music that we still love so much, and wish that we could record.

The fall-out (of sales), I think, has been a decline in quality of the roots music that you hear because the musician is left with the only option of recording their record on his or her own, and they may not have access to a support crew of professional people involved in the craft of record making.

There’s still no replacement for a good recording studio that sounds great. A good-sounding, well-tuned room. Good microphones. Good mike pre-amplifiers. You hear over and over again that anybody can make a record in their bedroom now. Yeah, everyone can; but there’s those one or two people who make absolutely fantastic records in their bedroom, but almost any musician will benefit from having the support of a crew of people who know how to make records around them.

Following Concord Music Group's purchase of Rounder in 2010, what changes have come to your life?

So far it has opened things up. It has been a great opportunity for me. To begin with, I’m still lucky that I have a job in the record business at all; nevermind one that still has room for me to be part of the creative part of the business. But, I think the international reach…that is the thing that has really been sinking in lately from an A&R perspective (when I am) looking at who we are going to work with. We have to think about the whole world in that now. Not just in North America.

Also thinking about working within Concord Music Group.

Yeah. I have really enjoyed being part of their overall A&R meetings. There are people there I have known for many years. Joe McEwen (VP/A&R, Concord Music Group), I worked with when he was head of A&R at Columbia, and when he was with Warner Bros. I worked with him making a Charlie Rich record (“Pictures and Paintings” in 1992, his last record before his death in 1995) on Sire. Not that I have done a lot of freelance work over the years, but Rounder was always good at letting me go off, and make one of these other records when the opportunity came.

“Unlock Your Mind” will be the Soul Rebels first nationally-released record.

It is. That’s been in the wind for years. I had wanted to work with them probably 10 years ago. First off, they appealed to me because they are really good musicians and they were doing something a little different from some of the other brass bands. They come out of the college marching band tradition as much as they do out of the New Orleans’ second line and street band tradition.

What happened?

It was increasingly hard to put together a business deal that made sense. And they didn’t have the greatest infrastructure in terms of management. It must be three years now that Ted Kurland, who is one of the pre-eminent jazz booking agents in the world, came to me and said, ”We’ve got to get together on this.” He had seen the Soul Rebels in New Orleans, and he’d seen incredible potential in them—but he still waited awhile before he took them on for management, and booking. Now they are co-managed by Adam Shipley (Hep Cat Entertainment) in New Orleans, and Ted here in Boston.

They’ve got a very focused business infrastructure behind them now and the wherewithal to tour. So there’s somebody who’s smart there looking after interests that, maybe, a record company wouldn’t totally be able to do. It was that partnership coming together that finally enabled us to go ahead with the deal.

[The Soul Rebels (aka the Soul Rebels Brass Band) will release their debut Rounder album, “Unlock Your Mind” on Jan. 31. The band recently performed on the BBC TV show “Later...With Jools Holland” and met members of Metallica who were so impressed with the band that they asked them to be the opening act for two nights of their four-night, 30th Anniversary Fillmore shows in San Francisco in early December. According to, the band kicked off the first night with a set that included brassy rearrangements of Metallica’s “One” and “Enter Sandman.”

The Soul Rebels will be touring the U.S. in Feb. and March, 2012, both as a headliner, and as part of a tour with Galactic.]

What is your approach to production?

I will always rehearse as much as I can with anybody, and get as much pre-production done as possible. That was a part of the Soul Rebels (recording). Just bring a little digital recorder with me, and record rehearsals and see what needs to be sorted out and try to see what a record needs in terms of, perhaps, more material to give it a more complete shape. I didn’t bring a lot of new material to them. I brought them Allen Toussaint’s “Night People” and the title track of the record, “Unlock Your Mind,” which is a George Jackson/Mississippi soul song that Cyril Neville sings. They generated most of that material themselves. The last cut on the record (“Let Your Mind Be Free”) is a reprise of something that was on their first record which is a nice thing because so few people have heard those early records.

When an artist insists on recording something you know is wrong for a track, how do you handle it?

Usually roll with it. If I’m wrong and see that it works, then I just shut up. If it’s wrong, I hope that it will become clear to everybody, and they will reach that conclusion. Ultimately, I may finish it, and have one more go around with the artist and say, “I think we should leave this song off the record.” I can usually convince them of that. But it’s a back-and-forth. I am there to serve the artist. Not the other way around. I do look at the records as my creation in the end. Hopefully, it is a reflection of the artist at their best; and hopefully I have heard that environment with both heart and mind well enough to be able to give the artist what they need.

With your studio work there over the years, why haven’t you moved to New Orleans?

I tried to once but Rounder said no. At that point, I had become vice president of A&R. So they said, “We’d like you to stay here. In fact, we’d like you to start doing more A&R for us.” I’m glad I missed Katrina. I still think I will end up there at some point.

[In 2005, New Orleans flooded severely from Hurricane Katrina and additional levee failures. Recovery has been slow. Slightly more than half of the pre-Katrina population has returned since. It’s rare a city is almost wiped off the map.]

What lasting impact has there been in New Orleans from Katrina?

Katrina had a double impact on the city. There is certainly the negative part of it. So much of the culture that everybody appreciates; so much of New Orleans—the food, the second line parades, jazz, gospel music—so much of it goes back to the African American community there. Many of those people with whom the culture strongly resides were working poor people, but many of them owned their own homes which is very unique in New Orleans. Small homes. But the 9th Ward (located in the easternmost downriver portion of the city) was a place that was affordable for people. Some of those homes had been in a family for generations and were just handed down from one generation to the next. And so many of those people couldn’t return. They got a job in Houston or Atlanta. They put their kids in school (there). They might even have found that, “Hey, the schools here are better.” Simultaneously, the bank in New Orleans wanted them to keep making their mortgage payments on their wrecked house.

They wouldn’t have had insurance.

No. The banks ended up owning a lot of property that way. They would ultimately take it. There was nowhere to go for mortgage relief, and then there are regulations, particularly for the lower 9th Ward now. They (city officials) want people to build their houses up higher now. That’s expensive. So the system has conspired to keep many of these people away from their homes. There are still many people who haven’t returned. And yet, anybody who worried that the culture was going to go away, I think at this point, is somewhat reassured that it hasn’t. It is challenged in many ways including with gentrification in some of the neighborhoods that once were the places where working people lived. There’s a troupe of circus performers now living in the Upper 9th Ward which gives it a really nice feel. A sort of bicycle oriented culture. Young people have moved in.

So it is evolving.

But there are still second line parades almost every Sunday afternoon during the cool months. The gospel music is going strong. Since Katrina, we have even seen the emergence of one bonafide star come out of New Orleans, Trombone Shorty.

Did Katrina bring an even greater closeness to New Orleans’ music community?

Yes. Anybody who went through Katrina feels a bond with anybody else that did. It has made the whole community closer, and it has made many people more determined not to let go of the culture too.

You weren’t in New Orleans when Katrina struck, but you recorded in Louisiana a few weeks afterwards.

The Irma Thomas “After The Rain” record. We had to do it in Lafayette (at Dockside Studios in Maurice, Louisiana, outside Lafayette) because the studio where we worked in New Orleans, Ultrasonic went under. It’s been torn down.

An emotional session?

Oh, it was. This was the first time many of these musicians had seen one another since before Katrina. It was very emotional. I think that you can hear it on the record too.

Musicians came in with stories and photos?

Everybody had a story. David Torkanowsky, the piano player, concocted some sort of sign for his car that said, “Emergency Relief Medical Team” or something. His girlfriend was a nurse. I believe that his story was that he used this to drive into the city before anybody else could. One of his objectives was to rescue instruments for musicians that he knew. I can’t remember whose instrument he was getting but he was reaching up onto a shelf—getting a soprano sax case or something—and there was this big ole snake on the shelf.

When Irma sang “If You Knew How Much” at the session, she broke down and cried.

Yes. I have seen her break down and cry several times in the studio now. She puts herself into those songs. She’s tough on songs. She won’t sing a song unless it really does mean something to her. Once she puts that song on, it becomes part of her.

[Irma Thomas’ career was further re-ignited in 2006 after "After the Rain" won the best contemporary blues album Grammy Award. In 2009, the compilation album “The Soul Queen of New Orleans: 50th Anniversary Celebration” was released by Rounder Records to commemorate her 50th year as a recording artist.]

To a large degree, Irma Thomas’ career was resurrected in the early ‘90s when she signed with Rounder.

And Johnny Adams’ too at the same time. Well, my whole career has been—when I look at now—has been a fortuitous accident that I almost owe to the success of George Thorogood and the Destroyers ("Move It On Over") on Rounder Records (in 1978). Up until that point Rounder had never had a hit record. All of a sudden, we had something that goes “gold” (selling 500,000 units). It was actually very stressful for the company at the time because the network of independent distributors that Rounder used, they got the records out there, but they often didn’t pay us for 120 or 150 days. The pressing plant, of course, wanted to be paid right now before they make anymore.

One of my favorite records you produced was James Booker’s “Classified” in 1982.

That was a record that almost didn’t get made. I introduced myself to him at Jazz Fest and I got to know his manager John Parsons, who also managed the Maple Leaf Bar where Booker worked frequently. So we decided that we would make this record. And probably for six months before these sessions, Booker played every Wednesday night (at the Maple Leaf Bar in the Carrollton neighborhood of uptown New Orleans) with Red Tyler on sax, Johnny Vidacovich on drums, and James Singleton on bass. He was engaged in thinking about songs that he wanted to record and playing them on the gig.

[A feature-length documentary entitled "Bayou Maharajah" is currently being produced on the life of James Booker. It is scheduled to be released the Spring of 2012. Booker tragically died at the age of 43 while waiting to be seen at New Orleans Charity Hospital. The cause of death was renal failure.

From 1977-1982, Booker was the house pianist at the Maple Leaf Bar. In 1983, film maker Jim Gabour captured his final concert performance there that is featured in the film “All Alone with the Blues.”]

About a month before the sessions, James Booker had some sort of breakdown?

He was a very fragile person. He ended up in the hospital. However, he said that he wanted to go forward with the record, and we did. But the first couple of days were maddening. He wouldn’t work on the songs that he had planned to record and he just led the musicians on this constant cat and mouse chase. Where he would start something, usually not giving us any cue that we should start rolling tape. We kept the tape rolling the whole time. But by the time the other musicians figured out what he was playing, he’d switch to something else.

It was like, “I need Allen Toussaint here. I need Earl King here. I need Cyril Neville. I need more songs.” Allen sent down a song and Cryil and Earl showed up, but by the time they got there, he wouldn’t say anything to them. And the next day was even worse. He sort of went inside himself. There’s one track on the record that came from those (first) days which is his incredible reading of “Angel Eyes.” It just came out of nowhere.

The third day I showed up at the studio, and I was kind of depressed. I figured, “This is the first time that Rounder has given me all of this money to go and make this record and I’m going to spend all of it and I’m going to have nothing.”

You were only then in your early 30s.

I had the Gatemouth Brown record (the Grammy-winning “Alright Again!”) under my belt and I had made a record with Sleepy LaBeef (“Rockabilly Blues"), the rockabilly singer. Gatemouth and Sleepy, these are professional entertainers. So even at their worst, they were still really good. There was still that challenge of drawing the best performance out of them, but Booker was much more erratic and so much more fragile. Although sometimes I think, he just enjoyed the attention that he got in the studio that much; and that he was screwing with all of us by not talking to us or not playing the songs that he had rehearsed. I really don’t know at this point.

Wasn’t he classically trained?

He was a prodigy. He was playing when he was three or four years old, and he learned a lot of classical repertoire. He knew a lot of Chopin by heart. When he played it, he would change it a little bit; but he could play it straight if he wanted to. It’s hard to use the word “genius” with anybody, but if I have ever worked with anyone who is a genius, it was Booker. Of course, he was plagued with all of these problems too—with addictions and a personality disorder. He just seemed like the loneliest person I’d ever met; and he had such a difficult time breaking out of that way of being.

You have worked with a great many Afro-American musicians. Were you an outsider in the early days?

I don’t think so. People knew that I was bringing opportunity to them I think. And New Orleans always felt like home to me. People were always so welcoming. But I’ve seen that (attitude). I remember the Johnny Adams’ record “The Real Me” (“Johnny Adams Sings Doc Pomus: The Real Me” in 1991) which is all Doc Pomus songs. It was the last record that Doc worked on before he died in terms of writing new material. That’s one of the favorite records that I’ve produced. But I remember reading a review of it, I think it was in a British publication, and they made some comment about the white band. I was like, “What the hell is this? It was with Red Tyler (who made his recording debut on Fats Domino’s “The Fat Man”), and Dr. John. I think, particularly in New Orleans’ music community, people aren’t all that race conscious, and I certainly have never been in hiring musicians to play on records. You just hire who is right for the job.

Actor Hugh Laurie recently got some snide reviews for his album “Let Them Talk” about being a British white pianist playing New Orleans music.

Yes, and that’s a beautiful record. There’s also was (for me) this blue-eyed Yankee coming in and, unlike a more folkloric approach to recording where you are trying to document something, I was really trying most of the time to create something that I had heard. Hearing the potential in an artist like Johnny Adams. It took me awhile to realize and to know that I could even do it. But in understanding that if I gave them (artists) everything that they could possibly want in a recording session—and this includes finding all of the songs for them, putting together the right band, the right personalities, and with Johnny, in particular, getting him into a soulful place by giving him everything that would make him feel that way, that he could feel coming from the music—then he would make his best record. So it was almost as if I could hear the record before I made it. I could hear what I was going for. The feeling at least. Then (I’d) fill in the blanks to make sure it’s all there.

Before Rounder, you were a professional musician?

I started part-time (at Rounder) as a salesman. I was playing full-time as a musician with Roseland. It was a good little band that worked in New England and down (the coast) a bit.

Playing music by Glenn Miller and…

No. We did Ella Mae Morse, Duke Ellington and some Western swing. In fact, if we had been around 25 years later for the Squirrel Nut Zippers and all that happened, we would have fitted right in.

Did Roseland record?

We did a few recordings but it really wasn’t our objective at the time. We were just having so much fun doing gigs, and playing music for people. I look back at that, and I see how so many young musicians and bands today are so focused on career development, and using the social networking sites and getting in touch with their fans. I don’t think that we even thought that any label was going to sign us. We just liked playing music. Sometimes, we’d get up to $350 or $400 a night. We had five in the band, and we’d have four or five gigs in the week. That was enough. This was in the mid to late ‘70s.

I look at it now and some of the clubs in Boston, they have 4 bands a night and they really don’t pay (bands) anything; and bands don’t even get booked unless they can drag their fans in with them. Back then, we would play places that people knew that there was good music at the club even if they might not know who it was. It was a different world (than today.)

Where are you from?

I am from Melrose right outside of Boston but I grew up partly in Arizona and New Jersey as well. My dad was transferred to Arizona when the Cuban missile crisis (happened). It meant that all of the American sugar companies’ plantations in Cuba had been nationalized. So they shipped him and several other engineers out to Arizona to build a refinery for beet sugar. At the same time, they were planting their first crop of beets. We lived in Tempe when I was in junior high and first year of high school. Then they transferred him to the home office in New York, and we lived in East Brunswick, New Jersey. He passed away while we were there.

Afterwards, my mom moved us back to Massachusetts. Then I went out to Arizona for a year to go to college at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff. I had been there (in Arizona) when I was in junior high school, my first year of high school—and I had loved it out there, and I wanted to go back there.

So you didn’t graduate?

I am now within several courses of getting my B.A. from the Harvard Extension School. I have been taking a lot of environment management courses. That’s something that has interested me. I have also done music composition (courses). It’s been great.

Were you playing in bands while in high school?

Yeah. When I was a junior in high school, I had a little local band, the Picket Fence Blues Band, and it was a blues band. I remember that our big day was a Battle of the Bands. Five bands and everybody else is playing Vanilla Fudge and Bee Gees songs, and we were covering Paul Butterfield, and the Siegel–Schwall Band.

That first Paul Butterfield album on Elektra in 1965 was influential to a generation of white blues players.

It was. It truly was. I heard it when I was 14. I saw him at the Café Au Go Go (in New York) when I was around 14. I wanted to be Paul Butterfield when I was 14 and 15 years old. I was playing harmonica.

When I was in high school, I had a little part time job. I would take my check every Saturday afternoon, and go to Skippy White’s record shop in Roxbury. Skippy turned me on to so much music. A lot of it I still have today—Percy Mayfield’s “My Jug and I” (released in 1966); it’s on Tangerine, Ray Charles’ label. That record has come back to inspire me so many times over the years, particularly when I was working with Johnny Adams.

How did you come to play professionally?

When I was a senior in high school, there was a Boston folk music paper called the Broadside (aka Broadside of Boston). There was a little classified ad there that somebody was looking for a harmonica player. So I wrote up this little resume and mailed it to him. It was a guy called Mike Allen and Lana Pettey who had just moved to Boston from Austin, Texas. He had sort of been in the orbit of Mother Earth. He had played with Powell St. John, the harmonica player in Austin. Mike had recorded with Janis Joplin.

So barely a senior in high school, I was suddenly playing with these musicians who were eight or 10 years older than I was and I was playing all of the folk clubs in Boston. I didn’t really go to school as much as I should have in my senior year.

We called ourselves Red Dirt. We were an acoustic trio of guitar, bass, and harmonica. We played the folk clubs on Charles Street, the Turk’s Head, and the Sword and the Stone. We played the Unicorn. As well (in Cambridge) the Idler, and I think we played Jack’s at one point. Different coffee houses and folk clubs around New England. I learned so much from Mike Allen who is a very accomplished fingerpick blues guitar player. He had a really good feel for it too. He doesn’t play anymore. I wish that he did because he was a great talent.

After your year in college in Arizona what did you do?

I came back (to Massachusetts), and I got a job in a record store called New England Music City on Boylston Street in Boston. I ended up managing the store within a year. By the time I was 19, I was the manager of what was at the time the biggest record store in Boston. I started meeting more people in the business side of things. One of the people that I met was Peter Gurlanick, the author. He’s been just a wonderful friend over the year. I was also invited to join this group of people, the Boston Blues Society with Dick Waterman, Erika Brady, Durg Gessner, Jack Viertel, Steve Frappier, and Peter Guralnick.

We promoted and staged concerts by mostly acoustic blues people who had recorded in the ‘20s and ‘30s, and who were still around. People like Houston Stackhouse, Hacksaw Harney, Roosevelt Sykes, Little Brother Montgomery, Son House, Mance Lipscomb, and Joseph Spence. Toward the end, we had "Hound Dog" Taylor but, for the most part, it was acoustic blues.

A very reverent kind of setting too because Harvard University would let us use one of their halls to stage these concerts. You’ve got Southern African-American players who mostly were on in years playing for this incredibly silent and respectful Cambridge audience. They were beautiful concerts. It may have been an odd juxtaposition of cultures, but people had the opportunity to hear some of these people. And some were still at the very top of their game too although they were on in years.

And the three founders of Rounder Records (Ken Irwin, Bill Nowlin and Marian Leighton-Levy) came to these concerts selling records. They would set up a table in the lobby. They were raising money at the time to fund their first couple of releases by selling records on other labels. That, in fact, evolved into a very large distributorship at one point about 10 or 15 years down the line with 300 or 400 labels in there. But that’s how I met them.

Were you one of Rounder’s first employees?

No. I came in four or five years after they had opened up. But Ken Irwin became my sales person. He would come to New England Music City to sell me records and show me the new things that Rounder was putting out. I became friends with him.

How did you start working at Rounder?

A guy I knew who worked for ABC Records came to me with the idea that we would start this sales and promotion company, and present ourselves to Rounder as a partner because Rounder was growing. It needed someone who knew a little bit more about—maybe not knew more, but had the energy to try and get the stuff out into stores and to radio stations and so forth. So we made this pitch to Rounder that we worked with them as a team. He ultimately didn’t work out, but I did. I just started as a part-time sales person. So wherever our band went out (to perform), I would open up accounts and be in touch with them by phone, usually early in the week, on Monday and Tuesday. If we weren’t going anywhere, I would go to (music stores in) Cambridge and Boston.

Rounder didn’t have many artists in those early days.

No, but the distribution company was taking off too at that point. But there was always something. There was (guitarist) Norman Blake’s “Whiskey Before Breakfast” record in 1976. And Rounder started getting experimental with some things too like with the (self-named) Breakfast Special record which is essentially an off-center, very creative rock record by Richard Crooks, Kenny Kosek, Roger Mason, Stacy Phillips, Andy Statman, Jim Tolles, and Tony Trschka.

Rounder started becoming a bit more eclectic when I started working there but I also had all of these other labels to sell. I remember that there was a (polka) quartet of senior citizens called the Moms & Dads from GNP/Crescendo. For some reason, they took off in Maine. I ended up selling 1,000 Mom & Dad’s records through the distributor in Portland, Maine. Accordion and clarinet. Really dear-looking old people (from Spokane, Washington.)

You were also Rounder’s art director.

Yes. I designed 300 or 400 (albums) over the years. Lots of bluegrass, lots of reggae. For a period, when I started producing records, I designed all of those covers too.

Your first production was Johnny Shines’ “Hey Ba-Ba-Re-Bop” album.

It really wasn’t a production. That was a Boston Blues Society concert that Durg Gessner had recorded in 1971. Peter Gurlanick and I were thinking about this concert; how it was such a great representation of Johnny Shines. He really was at his best. So we went to the three Rounder owners, and presented it to them. Of course, it was right up their alley. Peter wrote the notes, and I designed the cover. We had a little taste of going into the studio, and editing it together. It was done to two-track so there was no mixing to do. That was really the first record that I had worked on.

Other things started coming in. Robert Nighthawk’s “Live On Maxwell Street” record (recorded by blues archivist Norman Dayron on the corner of 14th & Peoria in Chicago in Sept. 1964). Another fantastic record.

Did it become easier for you to work with more and more Louisiana artists as Rounder got bigger?

Yes, it did. And I think Ken Irwin should get credit too. He was the one who brought in some of the first Cajun stuff that we worked on. I guess it got easier. People wanted to make records for Rounder. Among other things, we paid people. Even if you were a session person on a record, you might make $500 or $1,500 depending on who the artist was for four or five days of work.

You obviously enjoy being in the studio.

Sometimes when I am in the studio I will work 15 hour days and think nothing of it. The energy gets going. I’m making a record which the important part is to get that great performance out of somebody. Almost always I will record with at least the rhythm section live and the singer singing; if there’s a singer in the band. With the two Ruth Brown records that I made, I cut them entirely live with the 14 or 15 piece band, and with her singing right off the floor. Which isn’t to say that you don’t go back, and do a vocal over again or work on something.

So you’ve got this moment when you are kind of at the edge of your seat in a way; when you know it is starting to happen. I will always know at the end of a great take when everybody starts laughing because everybody feels it. You know right then it’s there. It’s so much fun. Sometimes you might work for two days without getting there and all of a sudden you get yourself on a roll.

I remember with Johnny Adams we were working on an album of Percy Mayfield songs called “Walking On A Tightrope” (in 1989), and every day we’d work on (the song) “Walking On A Tight Rope.” I don’t know why but it never seemed to gel. We tried different tempos; we tried different bass lines, different grooves. Johnny would suggest things, but he just wasn’t feeling it.

Almost on the last day of recording, John Cleary started playing this little syncopated piano part; and James Singleton, the bass player joined in, and Walter Washington and Duke Robillard, who were playing guitars; they and drummer Johnny Vidacovich picked up on this groove. It really felt good right from jump. Then Johnny walked up to the mike and started singing “Walking on A Tightrope.”

This had nothing to do with anything that we rehearsed.

Got all of the way through the song—there were live solos and the musicians did a natural fade. So the musicians finished. Everybody cracked up laughing and everyone said, “Oh brother, you should have cut that one.” I said, “We did. We did cut it. C’mon in, and listen to it.” When I heard John Cleary start to play this little figure, I had nodded to David Farrell, the engineer, and he started rolling tape. It really is the greatest track on the record.

Any artist you wish you had produced?

I wish I had made a record with Danny Barker. (Trumpeter) Gregory Davis from the Dirty Dozen Brass band, and I were going to produce Danny. He was quite a pivotal figure in New Orleans music. He passed away (in 1994). He was a guitar player who grew up at the turn of the last century in New Orleans and ended up going to New York with his uncle Paul Barbarin. His longest gig was playing guitar with Cab Calloway for nine or 10 years. He also put out records with his wife Blue Lu Barker; one of them being "Don't You Feel My Leg" that Maria Muldaur covered.

He eventually returned to New Orleans, and got a job at the Jazz Museum. He went to the Fairview Baptist Church and him and the minister there started a brass band for kids, the Fairview Baptist Church Marching Band. Herlin Riley who played drums for Wynton Marsalis; Leroy Jones, the trumpet player (who was 13 when Barker recruited him); a couple of the guys in the Dirty Dozen; and Tuba Fats all went through this band.

[Barker's aim with the Fairview Baptist Church Marching Band was to teach young children old music. Notable alumni of the band include Wynton and Branford Marsalis, Leroy Jones, Herlin Riley, Dr. Michael White, Joe Torregano, Anthony "Tuba Fats" Lacen, Kirk Joseph, and "The King of Treme" Shannon Powell.]

Danny, I think, should get a lot more credit—or any credit—for rejuvenating the New Orleans brass band scene, and bringing all these kids back into it. It had become something that was sort of a different time. Now the brass band scene in New Orleans—it’s kicking. Danny planted those seeds.

Larry LeBlanc is widely recognized as one of the leading music industry journalists in the world. Before joining CelebrityAccess in 2008 as senior editor, he was the Canadian bureau chief of Billboard from 1991-2007 and Canadian editor of Record World from 1970-89. He was also a co-founder of the late Canadian music trade, The Record. He has been quoted on music industry issues in hundreds of publications including Time, Forbes, and the London Times. He is co-author of the book “Music From Far And Wide.”


Industry Profile Archives:
Mick The DJ, DJ/Enterpeneur 04/30/15
Jeremy Lascelles & Robin Millar, Blue Raincoat Chrysalis Group 12/01/17
Joanne Abbot Green, CMJ Music Marathon and Film Festival 10/17/08
Lee Abrams, XM Satellite Radio 11/28/03
John Acquaviva, Fund Manager, DJ and Serial Entrepreneur 07/09/15
Jay Boy Adams, Roadhouse Transportation 05/04/07
Jamie Adler, Adler Entertainment Group 05/11/07
Gary Adler, National Association of Ticket Brokers 12/04/13
Rodney Afshari, Freeze Artist Management 03/01/02
JC Ahn, VU Entertainment 04/10/13
Steve Alaimo, Vision Records & Audio Vision Studios 05/26/06
Jaye Albright, Albright & O'Malley Consulting 07/19/10
Randy Alexander, Randex Communications 10/12/07
David Alexander, Sheer Publishing 07/21/16
Eva Alexiou-Reo, FATA Booking Agency 05/14/15
Marcie Allen, Mad Booking 12/14/00
Jeff Allen, Universal Attractions 08/16/02
Marcie Allen, MAC Presents 06/05/09
Marcie Allen Cardwell, MAC Presents 12/21/07
David Allgood, Bama Theatre 01/03/11
Patrick Allocco, AllGood Concerts 10/05/07
Michele Amar, French Embassy 05/26/16
Mike Amato, Rok Tours International 02/02/07
Jeff Apregan, Apregan Entertainment Group/Venue Coalition 09/30/15
Billy Atwell, AMP Studios 12/13/07
Bob Babisch, Milwaukee World Festivals Inc. 04/02/15
Tom Baggot, 05/02/03
Stephen Bailey, EPACC & Deleware Center For The Arts 02/06/04
Cary Baker, Conqueroo 05/11/11
Vince Bannon, Getty Images 07/05/11
Phil Barber, Barber & Associates 02/04/01
Camille Barbone, WineDark Records 12/09/05
Erin Barra, Musician/Producer/Educator 07/10/14
Ben Baruch, The Fox Theatre 09/27/08
Ben Baruch, By Larry LeBlanc (CelebrityAccess) 04/05/17
Paul Bassman, Ascend Insurance Brokerage 08/03/16
Adam Bauer, Fleming, Tamulevich & Associates 02/15/02
Ed Bazel, That's Entertainment International 10/05/01
Joachim Becker, ZOHO Music L.L.C. 01/12/07
Howard Becker, Comet Technologies 05/02/11
Mark Bego, Author 06/15/07
Jim Beloff, Flea Market Music 09/20/10
Richard Bengloff, The American Association of Independent Music (A2IM) 09/12/13
Seth Berg, South Bay Music 01/30/09
Aimee Berger, 2 Generations SPA Music Management 09/24/04
David Berger, Future Beat 10/29/14
Barry Bergman, Music Managers Forum 03/14/03
Steve Bernstein, Relix LLC 09/30/05
Mark Berry, Attack Media Group 04/07/07
Scott Billington, Rounder Records 01/17/12
Jeffrey Bischoff, Cinder Block 03/24/06
Sat Bisla, A&R Worldwide/ Musexpo 03/29/10
Nina Blackwood, Sirius Satellite Radio 07/14/06
Adam Block, Legacy Recordings 11/07/13
P.J. Bloom, Neophonic, Inc. 01/24/11
Rishon Blumberg, Brick Wall Management 06/27/03
Justin Bolognino, Learned Evolution, and The Meta Agency 04/25/13
Steve "Chopper" Borges, Total Pro and Borse Techos 03/03/06
Les Borsai, Mediocre Management 01/30/04
Shane Bourbonnais, Live Nation Canada 03/21/08
Jeff Bowen, Sears Centre Arena 03/13/08
Rick Bowen, Mystic Music Experience 07/11/08
John Boyle, Sanctuary Music Group 03/19/04
Jeff & Todd Brabec, Writers/Attorneys 01/03/12
Bill Bragin, Joe's Pub at the Public Theater 08/08/03
Joel Brandes, Avenue Management Group 11/02/08
Joe Brandmeier, Moving Pictures 03/15/02
Scooter Braun, SB Projects 12/13/10
Ron Brice, 3rd & Lindsley Bar & Grill 06/08/16
Billy Brill, Billy Alan Productions 11/11/05
Doug Brown, Talent Buyers Network 09/21/01
James Browne, Sweet Rhythm 11/01/02
Bob Brumley, Brumley Music Company 02/17/16
Tony Brummel, Victory Records 05/17/09
Charlie Brusco, TBA Entertainment Corporation 10/13/01
Del Bryant, BMI 05/18/07
Cortez Bryant, Bryant Management 12/06/10
Stephen Budd, Stephen Budd Management 07/13/17
Bruce Burch, University of Georgia Music Business Program 10/09/09
Deborah Burda, Kentucky Exposition Center 08/03/07
Patti Burgart, IEBA 06/07/02
Jordan Burger, The New Musiquarium 01/22/01
Ron Burman, Roadrunner Records 08/25/06
Suzanne Cadgene, Elmore 05/19/06
Karen Cadle, KGC Productions 03/12/04
Gary Calamar, KCRW 07/10/09
Charles Caldas, Merlin 07/05/10
Brian Camelio, ArtistShare 02/29/08
David Campbell, AEG Europe 08/02/10
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Entertainment Group 10/20/00
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Resort Casino 07/03/03
Tom Cantone, Mohegan Sun 08/30/09
Ashley Capps, A. C. Entertainment 05/21/04
Rio Caraeff, Vevo 07/12/11
Mike Carden, Eagle Rock Entertainment 08/16/11
Charles Carlini, Carlini Group 05/16/08
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 05/27/05
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 01/10/11
Troy Carter, Coalition Media Group 06/07/10
Daniel Catullo, Coming Home Studios 06/22/08
Raffi Cavoukian, Folk Singer/Children's Entertainer 05/11/16
Jeffrey Chabon, Chabon Entertainment Group 08/22/02
Mike Chadwick, Essential Music & Marketing 08/01/12
Rob Challice, Coda Music Agency 03/27/13
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 01/11/02
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 10/04/11
Lisa Cherniak, Artists Against Racism (AAR) 07/20/01
Bob Chiappardi, Concrete Marketing 06/13/03
Joel Chriss, Chriss & Co. 10/04/02
Michael Chugg, Michael Chugg Entertainment 09/14/01
Michael Chugg, Chugg Enterprises 10/02/09
Gary Churgin, Harry Fox Agency 09/13/10
Vinny Cinquemani, S.L. Feldman & Associates 12/13/12
Barry Coburn, Ten Ten Music Group 03/28/11
Matthew Cohen, Green Room Productions 10/19/01
Ted Cohen, TAG Strategic 01/10/13
Lisa Cohen, Associated Booking Corporation 02/10/06
Steve Cohen, Music + Art Management, Inc. 03/09/07
Dan Cohen, Music & Memory 01/12/17
Michael Cohl - Part 1, S2BN Entertainment 03/06/13
Michael Cohl - Part 2, S2BN Entertainment 03/13/13
Bryan Coleman, Union Entertainment Group 02/14/12
Mamie Coleman, Fox Broadcasting 07/05/12
Dennis Condon, Disneyland Resorts 07/13/01
Peter Conlon, Peter Conlon Presents 05/20/05
Tony Conway, Buddy Lee Attractions 10/06/00
Allen Cook, TOURtech 04/16/15
Tomas Cookman, Cookman International 09/05/03
Alex Cooley, Alex Cooley Presents 07/12/10
David Cooper, 10/31/03
Jay Cooper, Greenberg Traurig, LLP 05/23/11
Julie Coulter, Near North Insurance Groups 06/07/01
Amy Cox, Deep South Entertainment 02/09/07
Michael O. Crain, Crain Law Group, LLC 10/09/13
Charlie Cran, The Strawberry Music Festival 04/05/10
Jim Cressman, Invictus Entertainment Group 06/06/12
Russ Crupnick, MusicWatch, Inc. 07/23/15
Todd Culberhouse, Vision Management /Vision Records and Entertainment 09/05/08
Tony D'Amelio, Washington Speakers Bureau 04/21/06
Ruth Daniel, In Place of War 08/09/17
Ray Danniels, Standing Room Only Management, and the Anthem Entertainment Group 03/05/15
Ken Dashow, WAXQ-FM (l04.3 FM) - New York 09/08/06
Hal David, Lyricist 07/26/11
David Davidian, Independant Lighting Designer/Director 06/18/04
Anthony Davis, D&L Entertainment Services, Inc. 03/02/01
Chip Davis, American Gramaphone/Mannheim Steamroller 05/31/02
Mitch Davis, Tempest Entertainment 07/16/04
Jeff Dawson, Canadian Recording Services 06/08/08
Desiree Day, USO Celebrity Entertainment 08/10/01
Shauna de Cartier, Six Shooter Records/Six Shooter Management 10/23/13
Gene DeAnna, The Library of Congress 02/21/12
Vincent Degiorgio, Chapter 2 Productions 08/01/13
Tony DeLauro, DeLauro Management 12/23/04
Valerie Denn, Val Denn Agency 04/30/01
Val Denn, Val Denn Agency 03/06/14
Robert DePugh, Alligator Records 07/29/05
Tom Derr, Rock Ridge Music 10/29/04
Paul Dexter, Masterworks Lighting Design and Road Cases 12/10/04
Marty Diamond, Paradigm 01/22/10
Glenn Dicker, Redeye Distribution/Yep Roc Records 07/07/06
Barry Dickins, International Talent Booking Agency 06/06/13
Jim Digby, Event Safety Alliance 09/01/16
Mark Dinerstein, The Knitting Factory 11/17/06
Neill Dixon, Canadian Music Week 03/03/16
Thomas Dolby, Musician, academic, technologist, and author 11/09/16
Jasper Donat, Music Matters 2009/Branded 04/24/09
Jim Donio, National Association of Recording Merchandisers 04/22/11
Marc Dottore, M. Dottore Management 04/11/03
Tim Drake, The Roots Agency 12/12/08
Mike Dreese, Newbury Comics 11/23/11
Charles Driebe, Blind Ambition Management Ltd. 09/22/06
Jeremy Driesen, Ray Bloch Productions 09/07/01
Michael Drumm, Music Link Productions 07/18/08
Angie Dunn, Lucky Artist Booking 10/13/06
Jay Durgan, MEDIAmobz 11/09/11
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver's Division of Theatres & Arenas 08/02/02
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver’s Division of Theatres and Arenas 08/23/10
Paolo d’Alessandro, International Solutions 06/25/14
Ros Earls, 140dB Management 02/19/14
Art Edelstein, Festival Productions 12/01/02
Bruce Eisenberg, Audio Analysts 08/31/01
Martin Elbourne, The Glastonbury Festival 12/18/09
Michael Elder, Red Entertainment 03/17/06
Tod Elmore, Sixthman 11/24/06
Paul Emery, Clear Channel Entertainment 11/19/04
Arty Erk, Citrin Cooperman 04/27/16
Joe Escalante, Kung Fu Records 07/08/05
Colin Escott, Music Historian/Journalist 07/18/11
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 09/27/02
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 04/24/12
Mike Esterman, Esterman Entertainment 09/01/06
Jeff Eyrich, BePop Records 11/25/05
Bob Ezrin, Bigger Picture Group 05/24/09
Lisa Fancher, Frontier Records 08/09/10
Rick Farman, Superfly Productions 10/15/04
Ray Farrell, eMusic 06/09/06
Sam Feldman, S.L. Feldman & Associates 10/25/02
Bob Feldman, Red House Records 11/24/02
Charlie Feldman, BMI 08/26/05
Paul Fenn, Asgard Promotions 11/22/09
Debra "Fergy" Ferguson, TourDesign 08/01/03
Pete Fisher, Grand Ole Opry 09/11/09
David Fishof, David Fishof Presents 01/08/01
David Fishof, Rock 'N Roll Fantasy 10/05/08
David Fishof, Rock ’n’ Roll Fantasy Camp 02/28/12
Mike Flanagin, New England Country Music Festival 09/12/08
Joel Flatow, RIAA 12/13/11
Jim Fleming, Fleming Artists 03/20/10
Joe Fletcher, Joe Fletcher Presents 01/12/06
Jeff Fluhr, StubHub 10/06/06
Nancy Fly, The Nancy Fly Agency 04/02/04
Arthur Fogel, Live Nation 08/09/09
Martin Folkman, Independent Music Awards & Music Resource Group 08/11/06
Belle Forino, Fantasma Tours 03/18/05
Fletcher Foster, Universal Records South 07/31/09
Sam Foxman, Contemporary Productions 01/06/06
Todd Frank, 4Star Entertainment, LLC 01/24/03
Bob Frank, Koch Entertainment 01/09/09
Larry Frank, Frank Productions 01/17/11
Mike Fraser, Record Producer/Engineer 10/11/08
Carl Freed, Metropolitan Entertainment 06/22/01
Elizabeth Freund, Beautiful Day Media & Management 01/26/07
Harlan Frey, Roadrunner Records 07/11/03
Adam Friedman, Nederlander Concerts 06/22/07
Ted Gardner, Larrikin Management 04/25/03
Daniel Gélinas, Festival d’été de Québec 05/23/13
Marci Geller, Sonic Underground 08/15/08
Chris Gero, Yamaha Entertainment Group 10/26/16
Steve Gerstman, SGS 07/19/02
Sandra Gibson, The Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/09/04
Sandra L. Gibson, Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/16/09
Steve Gietka, Trump Properties 07/30/01
Steve Gietka, SMG Entertainment 03/19/14
Darren Gilmore, Watchdog Management 03/17/16
Daniel Glass, Glassnote Entertainment Group 10/16/14
Jake Gold, The Management Trust 04/13/01
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 09/07/07
Harris Goldberg, Concert Ideas 06/27/11
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 04/16/14
Martin Goldschmidt, Cooking Vinyl Group 09/29/16
Harvey Goldsmith, Harvey Goldsmith Productions 06/28/10
Michael Goldstein, RockPoP Gallery 11/09/07
Seth Goldstein, 09/20/11
Anna Paula Goncalves, CEO Global Brand Appeal 08/20/14
Arnie Goodman, Blue Storm Music 11/15/02
Wesley Goodman, Red Entertainment 09/16/05
Richard Goodstone, Superfly Productions 01/27/06
Christie Goodwin, Photographer 03/18/15
Rob Gordon, What Are Records? LTD 02/01/02
Steve Gordon, Entertainment Attorney 08/06/04
Yoav Goren, Immediate Music & Imperativa Records 06/10/14
Mike Gormley, L.A. Personal Development 11/10/06
Jonathan Gosselin, Gosselin Marketing & Promotions 07/02/04
Richard Gottehrer, The Orchard 04/10/09
Sean Goulding, The Agency Group London 09/12/12
Jerimaya Grabher, RPM Direct 09/26/03
Mary Granata, The Granata Agency 09/06/10
Kelly Graves, Providence Performing Arts Center/Professional Facilities Management 01/20/02
Stan Green, Stanley A. Green Lighting and Productions 12/12/03
Mark Green, Celebrity Talent Agency Inc. / Bergen Performing Arts Center 08/12/05
Jeffrey Green, Americana Music Association 03/10/06
Paul Green, The School of Rock 07/06/08
Benjy Grinberg, Rostrum Records 12/06/11
Brent Grulke, SXSW 03/06/09
Michael Gudinski, The Mushroom Group 10/29/15
Phil Guiliano, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. & OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/25/05
Steve Gumble, SBG Productions 06/16/06
Greg Hagglund, Vivelo! 05/07/04
Rodney Hall, FAME Music Group 11/06/09
Rob Hallett, Robomagic 02/05/15
Craig Hankenson, Producers, Inc 02/23/06
Kerry Hansen, Wynonna Incorporated 10/03/03
Eric Hanson, Ted Kurland Associates 12/20/02
Eric Hanson, Tree Lawn Artists 03/23/07
Rusty Harmon, MTM Music Management 12/06/07
Ali Harnell, Clear Channel Entertainment Nashville 08/15/03
Bob Harris, 02/06/09
Evan Harrison, Huka Entertainment 12/08/16
David Hart, The Agency Group 02/20/04
Laura Hassler, Musicians without Borders 12/02/15
Abe Hathot, Musician, composer, and music producer. 12/21/16
Steve Hecht, Piedmont Talent 08/29/12
Travis Hellyer, Mezzanine 09/02/05
Janie Hendrix, Experience Hendrix 02/01/10
Nona Hendryx, Rhythmbank Entertainment 06/02/06
Dan Herrington, Dualtone Records 07/25/03
Sara Hickman, Sleeveless/Stingray 06/30/06
Dan Hirsch, On Board Entertainment 04/04/03
Nick Hobbs, Charmenko 12/14/01
Carel Hoffman, Hilltop Live/Oppikoppi Productions 11/07/12
Ian Hogarth, Songkick 08/09/11
Gene Hollister, Rose Presents 04/08/01
Rusty Hooker, Rock Steady Management Agency 02/16/01
Jake Hooker, Hook Entertainment 05/10/02
Martin Hopewell, Primary Talent International 04/19/02
Tom Hoppa, TKO Booking Agency 09/29/06
Bobbie Horowitz, Times Square Group 01/04/02
Barney Hoskyns, Rock's Backpages 11/01/11
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 10/27/00
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 01/22/14
Andi Howard, Peak Records and Andi Howard Entertainment 09/02/03
Barbara Hubbard, ACTS 09/12/03
Laurent Hubert, BMG US 11/12/15
Seth Hurwitz, I.M.P. 04/20/09
Ariel Hyatt, Author, and founder of Cyber PR 11/23/16
Mark Hyman, Ashley Talent International 11/09/01
Brett Hyman, Category 5 Entertainment 07/23/04
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 08/17/01
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 05/28/14
Doug Isaac, Super Bowl Concert Series Producer (EXI) 08/24/01
David Israelite, National Music Publishers' Association 11/29/08
Tom Jackson, Tom Jackson Productions 02/06/13
Jay Jacobs, Parc Landon 09/21/07
Larry Jacobson, World Audience 09/17/04
Audra Jaeger, The Management Trust 05/09/03
Ralph James, The Agency Group 01/31/11
Jeffrey Jampol, Jampol Artist Management 07/18/12
Jean Michel Jarre, International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers (CISAC) 06/19/13
Michael Jaworek, The Birchmere 05/08/09
Peter Jesperson, New West Records 11/03/06
John Jeter, The Handlebar 08/15/12
Mike Johnson, Groundrush Media 02/17/06
Andrea Johnson, ICM Partners 11/02/17
Mike Gormley & Jolene Pellant, Yes, Dear Entertainment 04/23/10
Susan Joseph, Justice Entertainment Group 02/21/11
Darren Julien, Julien's Auctions 10/25/10
Henry Juszkiewicz, Gibson Guitars 09/28/10
Justin Kalifowitz, Downtown Publishing 04/20/17
Leonard Kalikow, Music Business Reference, Inc. 06/26/08
Craig Kallman, Atlantic Records 03/20/09
Steve Kane, Warner Music Canada 02/09/17
Danny Kapilian, Independent Producer 07/12/02
Mike Kappus, The Rosebud Agency 10/26/09
Andy Kaufman, Birdland 05/17/02
Wendy Kay, Mars Talent Agency 03/09/01
Lucas Keller, The Collective 03/22/11
Marty Kern, Clemson University 07/07/01
Carlos Keyes, Red Entertainment 10/08/04
Golnar Khosrowshahi, Reservoir Media Management 10/24/12
Martin Kierszenbaum, Interscope/Cherrytree Records 09/06/09
Barney Kilpatrick, Rattlesby Records 10/28/05
John Kinsner, The Walnut Room 03/28/08
Doug Kirby, LiveTourArtists 10/24/03
Steve Kirsner, Compaq Center 06/29/01
JoAnne Klabin, Sweet Relief 03/21/03
Andrew Klein, Revolution Marketing 11/05/04
Larry Klein, Producer, bassist, songwriter 03/13/12
Jack Kleinsinger, Highlights in Jazz 04/25/08
Ann Kline, Casa Kline 09/04/14
Brian Knaff, Talent Buyers Network 09/29/01
Kymberlee Knight, IEBA 11/16/00
Mike Kociela, 360 Productions 05/30/08
Stefan Kohlmeyer, Bach Technology 02/08/10
Lily Kohn, Microsoft Corporation 02/14/11
Tim Kolleth, Alligator Records 01/25/08
Al Kooper, Musician/songwriter/producer/author 02/06/14
Mitchell Koulouris, Digital Musicworks International, Inc. 02/11/05
Mark Krantz, John Schreiber Group 06/15/01
Jeff Krasno, Velour Music Group 11/19/07
Jeffrey Kruger, The Kruger Organisation 01/25/02
Harvey Kubernik, Author/historian/music journalist 08/20/15
Ted Kurland, Ted Kurland Associates 01/15/01
Jordan Kurland, Zeitgeist Artist Management 08/23/11
Carianne Laguna, Blackheart Records 03/07/08
Brady Lahr, Kufala Recordings 04/30/04
Ernie Lake, EL Records 01/19/07
Roks Lam, Wolfman Jack Entertainment 12/17/04
Anni Lam, Parc Landon 06/29/07
Gary Lane, CenterLane Attractions 10/14/05
Tom LaPenna, Lucky Man Productions 09/10/04
Camilo Lara, EMI Music Mexico/MIS 08/10/07
Gary Lashinsky, Lipizzaner Tours 05/13/05
Gregg Latterman, Aware Records 12/13/02
Tony Laurenson, Eat to the Beat 02/27/04
Emily Lazar, The Lodge 10/15/15
Bill Leabody, Leabody Systems 06/10/05
Peter Leak, 24-7 Worldwide Management 03/28/12
Steve Leeds, SR. VP/Promotion/Rock Formats at Virgin Records 07/26/02
Elliot Lefko, Goldenvoice 09/21/17
Bob Lefsetz, The Lefsetz Letter 11/14/08
Carl Leighton-Pope, Leighton-Pope Organisation 07/05/09
Steve Lemon, Live 4 Live, Inc. 12/06/02
Randy Lennox, Universal Music Canada 06/24/15
Simma Levine, Disson Furst and Partners 11/10/00
Andy Levine, Sixthman 06/08/07
Rich Levy, Clear Channel Entertainment Properties 06/25/04
Eddie Levy, Chelsea Music Publishing 07/24/14
Myles Lewis, Denise Rich Songs 12/20/10
Adam Lewis, Planetary Group 01/20/16
Terry Lickona, Austin City Limits 03/14/11
Justine Liddelow, Stage and Screen Travel Services 08/31/11
Jim Lidestri, Border City Media 09/03/15
Larry Lieberman, 4EverWild 03/28/03
Eric Lilavois, Crown City Studios, and London Bridge Studio 12/10/14
Miriam Linna, Norton Records 05/18/17
Marc Lipkin, Alligator Records 03/05/05
Tommy LiPuma (Part 1), Verve Records 11/08/10
Tommy LiPuma (Part 2), Verve Records 11/15/10
Alexander Ljung, SoundCloud 10/04/10
Andy Lo Russo, The Singing Chef 12/16/05
Phil Lobel, Lobeline Communications 08/13/04
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 01/21/05
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 05/17/10
Julie Lokin, New Audiences 03/23/01
Dave Lory, Artemis Records 03/30/02
Max Loubiere, Tour Director 04/11/12
Mark Lourie, Skyline Music 03/08/02
Dave Lucas, Live-360 04/28/06
Joe Lucchese, EventJoe 02/23/07
Kevin Lyman, 4 fini 03/30/01
Kevin Lyman, Vans Warped Tour 05/23/12
Jennifer Lyon, MeanRed Productions 01/18/18
Bubba Mac, 09/14/07
David Macias, Emergent Music Marketing 06/17/05
Kristen Madsen, Grammy Foundation and MusiCares 11/22/10
Larry Magid, Larry Magid Entertainment 05/04/10
Peter Malkin, PM Management 02/07/03
Toby Mamis, Alive Enterprises 02/12/01
Billy Mann, Green & Bloom | Topl1ne, Manncom 09/18/14
Tasea Margeolas, Multi Entertainment 06/23/06
Tony Margherita, dBpm Records 09/06/11
Bob Roux & Mark Campana, Live Nation 12/20/11
Lee Marshall, Magic Arts & Entertainment 09/13/02
Zach Martin, Radio Producer at New York's WAXQ-FM 08/30/02
Mario Martin, Gorgeous PR 04/27/07
Molly Martinez, Ticket Summit 2008 05/23/08
Paul Mascioli, Mascioli Entertainment 01/14/05
Michael Maska, Big Hassle 01/28/05
Ted Mason, Mi-5 Recordings 11/16/01
Steve Masur, Masur & Associates, LLC 11/21/03
Pam Matthews, The Ryman Auditorium 04/08/05
Terry McBride, Nettwerk Music Group 03/01/10
Michael McCarty, ole 06/20/11
Jim McDonald, McDonald Group 12/19/03
Virginia McEnerney, HeadCount 11/26/07
Doc McGhee, McGhee Entertainment 06/14/10
Camilla McGuinn, Tour Manager 08/24/07
Andy McLean, North By Northeast (NXNE) 04/01/05
Dennis McNally, Grateful Dead historian/publicist 09/06/02
Garry McQuinn, Back Row Productions 06/14/11
Ruthann McTyre, The Rita Benton Music Library; and president of the Music Library Association 08/31/10
Dick McVey, Musician's Referral Service 10/27/07
Katherine McVicker, Music Works International 01/08/15
John Meglen, Concerts West/AEG Live 02/21/13
Mark Meharry, Music Glue 05/28/15
Jorge Mejia, Sony/ATV Music Publishing 09/17/15
Dan Melnick, Festival Productions, Inc. 02/22/02
André Ménard, Festival International de Jazz de Montréal 06/12/09
Bob Merlis, Merlis For Hire/Memphis International Records 01/16/04
Doug Merrick, Cumberland Talent Agency and Merrick Music Group 07/21/06
Louis Messina, The Messina Group 10/22/04
Louis Messina, The Messina Group/AEG Live 07/17/09
Louis Jay Meyers, North American Folk Music and Dance Alliance 03/30/07
Louis Jay Meyers, Folk Alliance International 01/23/09
Todd Miller, House Of Blues - New Orleans 11/14/03
Jeff Miller, Fantasma Productions 03/16/07
Ben Miller, Rock Ridge Music 11/02/07
J. B. Miller, Empire Entertainment 08/22/08
Richard Mills, S.L. Feldman 11/02/09
Marty Monson, Barbershop Harmony Society 07/07/16
Linda Moran, Songwriters Hall of Fame (SHOF) 04/05/09
Jesse Morreale, Nobody In Particular Presents (NIPP) 09/20/02
Chuck Morris, Live Rocky Mountains 09/28/09
Mo Morrison, Independent production 05/24/02
Kevin Morrow, Steel Wool Entertainment 01/25/17
Nick Moss, Blue Bella Records 11/30/07
Jim Musselman, Appleseed Recordings 04/14/06
Natalia Nastaskin, United Talent Agency 04/13/16
Marc Nathan, Flagship Records 07/01/05
David Neilon, Rising Star Promotions 11/30/01
Don Neuen, Star Coaches Inc. 10/10/12
Dennis Newhall, DIG Music 10/07/05
John Nittolo, John Nittolo Productions 04/13/07
Ian Noble, Metropolitan Talent 05/23/03
Fabricio Nobre, A Construtora Música e Cultura 05/04/17
Josh Norek, JN Media, LLC 07/05/02
David Norman, Tour Manager 04/20/07
Mimi Northcott, Canadian Recording Services (CRS) 04/11/08
Bill Nowlin, Rounder Records 01/05/07
John Nugent, NY JAM Inc. 11/08/02
Andy Nulman, Just For Laughs 11/20/13
Sal Nunziato, NYCD 06/01/01
Bob O'Neal, Ryman Auditorium 06/28/02
Andrea Orbeck, Prehab Health and Fitness 03/15/10
Heather Orser, Toad's Place 01/29/01
Janet Oseroff, MultiMediaProperties 11/18/05
Marc Ostrow, Boosey & Hawkes 12/05/08
Riley O’Connor, Live Nation Canada 07/24/09
Jeremy Palmer, Buddy Lee Attractions 11/02/01
John Palmer, Megawave Records 08/31/07
Panos Panay, Sonicbids 12/23/05
Julien Paquin, Paquin Artists Agency 04/30/14
Graham Parker, WQXR-FM 11/26/14
Crispin Parry, British Underground 02/24/08
Donald Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 04/09/10
Donald S. Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 01/06/16
Bruce Patron, Overland Entertainment 07/28/06
Alexandra Patsavas, Chop Shop Music 09/27/11
Cheryl Pawelski, Omnivore Entertainment Group 09/26/13
Kerry Peace, Alligator Records 08/18/06
Eric Peltoniemi, Red House Records 12/14/09
Scott Perry, Sperry Media 03/11/05
Lawrence Peryer, Jr., 23 Omnimedia 11/07/08
John Peters, MassConcerts 06/07/11
Holger Petersen, Stony Plain Records 04/15/05
Jon Phillips, Silverback Professional Artist Mgmt/Controlled Substance Sound 08/29/08
Dave Pichilingi, Sound City 03/30/16
Vince Pileggi, Music Inc./Music Inc. Sounds 12/01/06
Eric Pirritt, Endit! Presents / The Fox Theatre 10/17/03
Neil Portnow, The Recording Academy 02/08/11
Louis Posen, Hopeless Records 04/04/11
Stephen Posen, Estate of Glenn Gould 01/23/13
Nadia Prescher, Madison House 06/20/03
Jeff Price, TuneCore 02/28/11
Tom Principato, Powerhouse Records 02/01/08
Roger Probert, Core Records 12/08/06
John "Grinder" Procaccini, JP Squared (JP2) 01/17/03
Mark Pucci, Independent Music Publicist 09/09/05
David Pullman, The Pullman Group 11/03/00
Rod Quinton, Saigon Sound System 04/18/11
Dolphus Ramseur, Ramseur Records 10/19/07
Jack Randall, Ted Kurland Associates 04/05/02
Jack Randall, The Kurland Agency 03/08/17
Debra Rathwell, AEG Live 05/03/13
Jeff Ravitz, Visual Terrain 02/08/08
Paul Reed, Association of Independent Festivals (AIF) 06/14/17
Rich Rees, M.P.I. Talent Agency 09/19/08
John Reese, Freeze Artist Management 08/01/08
Bill Reeves, WRIII, Inc. 10/20/06
Stephen Rehage, Rehage Entertainment 07/30/04
Lisa Reiss, Pearl Productions 08/17/07
Salaam Remi, Composer, producer, musician and label executive. 01/08/14
David Renzer, Universal Music Publishing Group 08/23/09
Alison Richard, Universal Orlando Resort 05/06/05
Kelli Richards, The All Access Group 02/07/12
Gary Richards, HARD Events 08/29/13
Sam Righi, Waterfront Entertainment Group 05/30/03
Jon Rinaldo, Joker Productions 01/02/04
Geary Rindels, Geary Rindels Enterprises, Inc. 12/05/03
Doreen Ringer Ross, BMI 01/18/08
Lisette Rioux, Island Def Jam Music Group 05/16/03
Dave Roberge, Everfine Records & Everfine Artist Management 12/03/04
Sandy Roberton, Worlds End Producer Management 02/20/09
Ty Roberts, Gracenote 01/31/12
Bill Rogers, BRE Presents 07/13/07
Ian Rogers, Topspin Media 06/01/10
Benji Rogers, PledgeMusic 12/19/13
Dave Rose, Deep South Entertainment 09/15/06
Eric Rosen, Ronald S. Bienstock & Associates 05/25/01
Stuart Ross, The Ross Group 02/23/01
David Ross, President IAAM; Director, Show Me Center 09/23/05
Jack Ross, APA Canada 09/07/17
Bobby Rossi, Ruth Eckerd Hall 02/28/03
Michael Rothschild, Landslide Records 04/29/05
Robert Rowland, Red Entertainment 06/13/08
Bill Royston, Mt. Hood Jazz Festival 03/07/03
John Rudolph, Bug Music 05/24/10
Elizabeth Rush, E.R.A. / Elizabeth Rush Agency 08/20/04
Aran Rush, Expo and Foro Imperial 02/16/07
Maurice Russell, Harry Fox Agency 10/21/05
Barron Ruth, Skyline Music 02/14/03
Andrea Sabata, Skyline Music 01/07/05
Numa Saisselin, Count Basie Theatre, Inc. 02/04/05
Ron Sakamoto, Gold & Gold Productions 01/16/10
David Salidor, dis Company 07/20/07
Shaw Saltzberg, S. L. Feldman and Associates 06/21/10
Bruce Allen & Sam Feldman, A&F Music 12/19/08
Mark Samuels, Basin Street Records 06/11/04
Jacqueline Saturn, Harvest Records 01/21/15
Tamara Saviano, American Roots Publishing 07/22/05
Tamara Saviano, Author, journalist, and producer 08/18/16
Michael Scafuto, Mountain High Entertainment 12/07/01
Steve Schankman, Contemporary Productions 12/21/01
Steve Scharf, Carlin America 10/11/02
John Scher, Metropolitan Talent 11/21/08
Al Schmitt, Producer/Engineer 02/13/10
Bobby Schneider, Tour Coordinator, Third Eye Blind 01/31/03
Jake Schneider, Madison House 04/02/14
Steven Schnur, EA Music Group 07/03/13
Elaine Schock, Shock Ink 02/19/10
Stacy Schott, Mad Booking and Events 08/22/03
Daylle Schwartz, Revenge Productions 08/19/05
Dean Sciarra, 11/26/04
Joel Selvin, Author and Journalist 08/07/14
Jay Sendyk, Sendyk, Leonard & Company, Inc. 05/03/02
Jonathan Shank, Red Light Management 12/13/17
Peter Shapiro, Ideal Entertainment 04/16/04
Peter Shapiro, Dayglo Ventures/Brooklyn Bowl 11/15/17
Seth Sheck, Access Pass & Design 01/03/03
Seth Sheck, ACCESS Event Solutions 06/22/16
Seth Shomes, The Agency Group 11/12/14
Jay Sieleman, The Blues Foundation 07/18/03
Anya Siglin, The Ark 03/05/10
Bill Silva, Bill Silva Entertainment 10/19/10
Tom Silverman, Tommy Boy Entertainment 03/06/12
Steve Simon, Clear Channel Communications 05/14/04
Ralph Simon, Live Earth 07/06/07
Ralph Simon, Mobilium 04/12/11
Michael Simon, The Harry Fox Agency 08/14/13
Ron Simpson, RCS Productions 01/11/08
John Simson, SoundExchange 07/15/05
Dion Singer, Warner Bros. 12/07/09
Gram Slaton, The Community Arts Center 02/25/05
Owen Sloane, Gladstone Michel Weisberg Willner & Sloane 10/11/10
Peter Smidt, Eurosonic Noorderslag & manager Buma Cultuur 07/17/13
Garrison Snell, Gyrosity Projects 02/23/17
Mike Snider, Paradigm Talent Agency Nashville 05/17/11
Andrew Snowhite, Musictoday 05/04/01
Bruce Solar, The Agency Group 05/14/14
Nikki Solgot, Circle Talent Agency 02/18/15
Michael Solomon, Brick Wall Management 05/25/07
Mark Sonder, Mark Sonder Productions 07/25/08
Steve Sonnier, UIC Pavilion at the University of Illinois, Chicago 09/03/04
Kathy Spanberger, peermusic 06/20/12
Carolyn Specht, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. and OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/26/04
David Spelman, New York Guitar Festival 10/01/04
Jason Spiewak, Rock Ridge Music 04/07/06
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 11/29/12
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 02/18/05
Jeremy Stephan, Ventures, LLC 04/23/04
Walter Stewart, Mars Talent Agency 02/21/03
Gail Stocker, Gail Stocker Presents 11/12/04
Jon Stoll, Fantasma Productions 10/13/00
Jesse Stoll, AEG 06/27/09
Henry Stone, Henry Stone Music 06/24/05
Jason Stone, Live Nation New York 03/31/06
Howard Stovall, Resource Entertainment Group 05/28/04
Cameron Strang, New West Records 10/18/02
Don Strasburg, AEG Live Rocky Mountains 02/27/09
Barbara Strauss, Sovereign Ventures 05/12/06
Richard Stumpf, Cherry Lane Publishing 08/07/06
Deb Suckling, SUGARRUSH Music 07/27/17
Patrick Sullivan, RightsFlow 10/25/11
Bernie Swain & Harry Rhodes, Jr., Washington Speakers Bureau 12/07/00
Dean Swett, Paramour Group 06/14/02
Jake Szufnarowski, Rocks Off 05/02/08
Marc Tanner, Chime Entertainment 12/22/06
Donald Tarlton, The Donald K Donald Group 04/12/02
Tess Taylor, Los Angeles Music Network 08/09/02
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Chris Taylor, Taylor 03/15/09
Peter Tempkins, DeWitt Stern Group 03/16/01
Peter Tempkins, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 03/27/09
Lisa Tenner, Tenner & Associates (EAT'M) 08/06/01
Jeremy Tepper, Diesel Only Records 10/10/03
Allan Tepper, Bicycle Music Company 09/28/07
Martin Terefe, Kensaltown Studios 05/31/11
Milun Tesovic, MetroLeap Media 10/18/09
Mandar Thakur, Times Music 08/06/15
Jerry Thompson, Promoter Line Inc. 03/05/04
Jose Tillan, MTV Networks Latin America 12/02/05
Jon Tiven, Hormone Studios 08/05/05
Adam Tobey, Concert Ideas 08/24/17
Rob Tonkin, Marketing Factory 12/17/15
John "J.T." Toomey, 25/8 Management 11/15/11
Livia Tortella, Warner Bros. Records 01/10/12
Phil Tripp, IMMEDIA! 01/19/06
Claudio Trotta, Barley Arts Promotion 11/26/01
Chris Tsakalakis, StubHub 01/11/10
Ben Turner, Graphite Media 05/10/10
Steve Vai, Favored Nations Entertainment 04/26/02
John Valentino, Fantasma Productions 04/18/03
John Valentino, AEG Live SE 11/01/10
Don Van Cleave, Coalition of Independent Music Stores 04/09/04
Casey Verbeck, Partners in Music 06/06/03
David "Boche" Viecelli, The Billions Corporation 04/18/10
Marsha Vlasic, Artist Group International 05/31/17
Mat Vlasic, Bravado 06/28/17
Ray Waddell, Billboard Magazine 08/27/04
Rob Waggener, Foundations Recovery Network 03/07/11
Jim Walczak, Racine Civic Centre 06/03/05
Jeff Walker, The AristoMedia Group 08/16/10
Carla Wallace, Big Yellow Dog Music 11/04/05
Russell Wallach, Live Nation Network 03/20/12
Steve Walter, The Cutting Room 10/24/08
Neil Warnock, The Agency Group 05/02/09
Diane Warren, Realsongs 08/14/09
Butch Waugh, RCA Label Group Nashville 01/10/03
Lauren Wayne, The State Theatre 05/09/12
Kirt Webster, Webster PR 02/03/16
Ken Weinstein, Big Hassle Media 04/22/05
Bruce Weinstein, Bethel Woods Center for the Arts 02/15/08
Larry Weintraub, Fanscape 05/18/01
Pam Weiser, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 10/11/11
Kevin Welk, Welk Music Group 01/24/12
D-J Wendt, Dmand Management 05/09/08
Alison Wenham, Worldwide Independent Network 02/13/09
Bill Werde, Billboard 08/03/11
Joel Whitburn, Record Research 11/13/09
Judd White, Tour Manager/Accountant 02/13/04
Jeff White, In Ticketing 12/16/06
Adam White, Author 09/14/16
Lisa White, Pearl Street Warehouse 10/04/17
Adam Wilkes, AEG Live Asia 10/13/16
Fenton Williams, 04/04/08
Del Williams, Right Arm Entertainment 04/18/08
Bryan "Birdman" Williams, Cash Money Records 09/13/11
Paul Williams, ASCAP 10/19/11
J.P. Williams, Parallel Entertainment 10/03/12
Kurt Willms, Green Room Productions 09/20/03
Chris Wilson, Heartbeat Records 03/02/07
Tony Wilson, Factory Records/In The City 06/01/07
Tom Windish, The Windish Agency 07/26/10
John Wiseman, XL Touring Video 05/05/06
Thom Wolke, 02/08/02
Michael Wood, City Lights Entertainment 08/08/08
Keith Wortman, Blackbird Presents 03/22/17
Nigel Wright, Independant Record Producer 11/07/03
Dusty Wright, 07/27/07
Jeremiah “Ice” Younossi, A-List Talent 09/20/09
Gail Zappa, The Zappa Family Trust 10/02/14
Kevin 'Chief' Zaruk, Chief Music Management 06/10/15
Ron Zeelens, RAZco Visas 04/20/01
Rick Zeiler, Sidney Frank Importing Company 06/04/04
Danny Zelisko, Live Nation 06/19/09
Jason Zink, Emporium Presents 10/19/17
Hillary Zuckerberg, Brick Wall Management. 07/09/04
Steve Zuckerman, Global Entertainment and Media Summit 03/22/02
Paul Zullo, Muze 01/23/04
Nanette Zumwalt, Hired Power 02/03/06


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