Industry Profile: Eddie Levy

— By Larry LeBlanc (CelebrityAccess)

This week In the Hot Seat with Larry LeBlanc: Eddie Levy, owner Chelsea Music Publishing.

The sheer probability of Eddie Levy’s publishing career makes it a legendary music industry story.

The tale of a music industry insider from London, England who, enthralled with pop music who has always surrounded himself with outstanding songwriters.

Levy is an old-school music publisher, a self-motivated figure with enough steel to successfully operate a standalone independent publishing company for 28 years.

He is also a charmer. A man who has stories to tell. He isn’t a musician, but he is an astute judge of musical talent with an ear for a hit, attributes that have served him well for over a half a century.

Levy fell in love with music as a child. His father Morris Levy owned Oriole Records which represented American imprints Mercury, Savoy, and Motown Records in the UK. In 1965, his father sold his label/recording studios/manufacturing plant operation to CBS, and became the first managing director, and vice chairman of CBS UK.

Prior to launching Chelsea Music Publishing (named after his beloved local football club), Levy was co-owner of Heath Levy Music for 8 years. Prior to that, he was founding director for 8 years at ATV Music which then owned the Beatles’ catalog.

Among the songwriters Chelsea Music represent in the UK today are: Bill Withers, Madeleine Peyroux, Jeff Beck, Tony Iommi, Roberta Flack, and Andre Rieu.

Chelsea Music also represents in the UK the catalogs of Johnnie Wilder, Alan Lomax, and AlaBianca Publishing, as well as the music for the internationally successful Danish TV series “The Killing.”

Recent deals for Chelsea include with the family of the late Nat “King” Cole to oversee their publishing interests outside the United States.

In 2013, Chelsea signed UK singer/songwriter, pianist and violinist Joni Fuller for the world.

Twenty-eight years is a healthy run for an indie publishing company.

I can’t believe that it’s 28 years. That I somehow have staggered on for 28 years. And I am still staggering on. Well, the funny thing is that I had Heath Levy Music for 8 years previously. And I had 8 years at ATV Music which was (first) Welbeck Music with three people and Tony Hatch songs. Then it bought Northern Songs. So it’s been a long haul.

Chelsea Music started with….

Curiosity Killed the Cat.

Curiosity Killed the Cat’s 1987 debut album “Keep Your Distance” went onto the UK chart at #1, and stayed in the Top 10 for 13 weeks. You must have thought that…

I had won the pools. Yeah. They were a very early deal for me. They still could have been successful now if they had the right attitude which they didn’t, unfortunately, have. They could have been like a Simply Red. It was a very interesting publishing deal because I maximized their earnings. I did deals for them all around the world. We did an advance for America. It worked out very well. But after that (early success) things changed a lot.

The music publishing deals you have are mostly…

UK only.

How does that work with pan-European downloading and streaming?

I don’t get involved, obviously. You just earn what gets downloaded, and what is accounted in this country really. I can’t be part of anything (European) because most of my catalogs are UK only. I have certain things outside the US, Canada, and the UK, but I would say that 80% are UK only.

In those instances in Europe, you don’t make the deal—someone else does—and you have to live with whatever deal is made?

Yes. A lot of the lawyers do individual publishing deals in Europe or they do a major deal for certain territories. Some don’t bother doing a deal at all. They forget about it, and it (the publishing) is left lying around, and money is uncollected.

You have had a number of enduring relationships including representing Bill Withers for 40 years.

I have been someone who sticks to my clients like glue. Whenever they do a concert, I go backstage and say “hi.” Always. I would say that 95% of all of the acts that I have represented, they have met their publisher. I have gone backstage. I have known them. I’m personable. I look after their kids if they come to London. I visit them. We have lunch. We have dinner. I collect them for the airport. All of the sort of old-fashioned ways of doing things. I think it’s very important. We do a very good job with the royalties. I work hard, and I stick to them (the clients). I don’t, in other words, say, “They only earned 50p, I better not pick up the phone.” I treat them all the same. If they earn £50,000 or £50 pounds, I treat them all the same way.

You represent several catalogs of standards in the UK.

I represent the Barton Music catalog. That’s where that Michael Bublé track (“Come Dance With Me”) came from.

You also represent songs owned by the late Nat “King” Cole’s family.

Yes. That’s a new situation. It’s from the same person (Seth Berg of South Bay Music in Los Angeles) whom I’m involved with in dealing with Peggy Lee songs. We’re handling the catalog. It was a share left to his wife, and his wife never did anything with it. The family never really did anything with it, really. We are now collecting and sorting out things.

You represent the classic ‘60s hit song “The Game of Love.”

From the (Clint) Ballard catalog which was on the Eminem album (“Marshall Mathers LP 2” as a sample. That’s what publishing is about if you have good songs. It’s a very good song.

You represent the Johnnie Wilder Music catalog including Heatwave’s ‘70s hits, “Mind Blowing Decisions,” and “Happiness Togetherness.”

I used to represent Johnny Wilder (catalog) for many years and lost it for many years. Then I regained the catalog recently.

You recently picked up the Italian catalog AlaBianca Publishing for UK representation. It features songs from a number of well-known films including “The Great Beauty” (2013) which won Best Foreign Language Film at the 86th Academy Awards this year (2014).

I met them this year at Midem. I am handling a lot of their film stuff. They seem to be very nice people, and I have always loved Italian music.

You have been going to Midem (the acronym for Marché International du Disque et de l'Edition Musicale) since day one. What was the first Midem in 1967 like?

There were a lot more people there than there is now. There was a lot more fun. There was a lot more laughter. There was a lot more music. In fact, there’s no music now. Midem is the only music festival where there’s no music. And if you listen to music, you are looked upon as someone who is really disturbed. It is a wonderful schmooze place. A great place to go, but there’s no music. Also the days of picking up an Italian song for £500, that’s over. You used to rush back, and give it to Tom Jones.

[Midem, the long-established international music industry festival held annually in Cannes, France is shifting the event from the winter months to spring with the 2015 event taking place June 5-8.]

What do you think about Midem shifting from January to June in 2015?

The only thing that worries me is the hotel prices. They have to keep the hotel prices the same. If they let them go up, it will then kill me. Why move it to save it just because of the sun and the hotel prices are doubled? So they will have to keep the prices the same or otherwise I don’t think that it is going to attract people. And restaurants won’t be as easy to get into as they are in January. I think it’s very very sad. Midem was a terrific event. This year it was terrific. I met a lot of people.

It was a lot smaller this year. Attendance was reportedly down 4%.

But it was nice. Really, really nice.

What business can you do at Midem today?

Well I met the AlaBianca Publishing people there. I had lunch with my “Killing” people (the hugely successful Danish TV series “The Killing,” originally titled “Forbrydelsen”). It’s a very good meeting place. It depends on what you want to do. You can go to a cheap restaurant or you can go to an expensive restaurant. You can do whatever you want there.

In 2013, Chelsea Music signed English singer/songwriter, pianist and violinist Joni Fuller for the world.

She’s an excellent talent. She plays all instruments. She’s a brilliant violinist. I put her together with (artist developer/producer) James Sanger who is involved with Keane and Dido (and who has worked with U2, Madonna, Sinead O'Connor, and Brian Eno). He has flown into France, and they are doing various tracks there. They will probably do an album. They are getting on like a house on fire. I sort of jump-started her into something very good. I haven’t’ signed many writers. I don’t have the money to risk on signing British songwriters. It’s not like giving them £500. Those days are over. The risk is so huge now...

You have to be prepared to manage and even support them.

It’s a huge risk. That is sad.

Decades ago, a publisher could walk a singer/songwriter to a label and attain an advance. With label cut backs in development, the onus is on you as publisher to develop a singer/songwriter, and you may not see any publishing income for three to five years.

Correct. It’s very sad. And they (newcomers) are very difficult. They don’t make decisions particularly quickly.

And even the most untested new songwriters only want co-publishing.

Yes unless the whole thing fits. It‘s very, very hard (to do songwriter publishing deals). Hopefully, I will get interest with her. I recently got involved with an Australian (electronic music) act called Empire of the Sun with Steven Bach who is co-writer of their new single. A big track called “Alive.” Yeah, I am doing new things all of the time. But it’s very hard. It’s a very very, very tough market. Syncs (music synchronization licenses) are very important, but very difficult to get these days.

Sync fees have also dropped in recent years.

There are big ones in Europe, still. It’s the big calling card for people who are selling their companies. “We’ve got 24 people in that room doing syncs. You must come with us.” Everybody is fighting (to get syncs). But I think that if I find myself a niche which Is what I have been trying to do for the past few years….I can’t compete (with major publishers)—forget it. I can’t always schmooze myself into a deal. There’s huge money involved (with many publishing deals). You’d be bankrupt if you did some of those deals, and they didn’t come off. So you have to find yourself a niche of dealing with film music, doing a job for people, finding things, and digging things up.

How many people are involved with Chelsea Music?

I have one very good administration person coming in three days a week. His background is that he’s an auditor who worked for Kilkenny. He is very, very forensic, and shouts a lot by email. We do get a lot of things done. I need someone very strong on my side in administration because I tend to bring in lots of business. Whether it makes any money, I don’t know, but I do tend to create lots of things.

Administration plays a principal role in music publishing.

You’ve got to because there are so many mistakes being made, Larry. Bad registrations. Complete cock-ups. Chasing cue sheets. (Handling) sync inquiries. You have a lot of these search people who are in the middle of everything, and they are not always that good at their job. It used to be a lot better when an ad agency phoned you, and you could talk straight to the person, and sort things out. You get these middle people now trying to earn a bunch (of money), and they often cause more problems than it’s worth. Unfortunately, that’s how the business has gone.

It was just announced that the Global Repertoire Database (GRD) project, an initiative by the music publishing sector to create a single point of works registration, has been sidelined.

Well, we need one. Until they get that system right for one registration…Like a car. You check a car’s registration plate. If it’s yours, you are contacted. I can’t understand why they can’t get the right system. It puzzles me. I understand the complications of registering so many songs with similar titles, but they really have to get this right because this is what it’s all about. If songs aren’t registered properly, money goes all over the place. It’s a nightmare. Registration today is a major problem.

[While Global Repertoire Database (GRD) project has run aground, there’s no question that a central database is needed that would enable licensees to identify who controls songs and musical works, and that there be a database which would efficiently facilitate the distribution of royalties to those entitled.

With no statutory obligation to register copyright works in most territories, accessing information is often difficult. While individual collecting societies have collected substantial music data, no one society has a complete database.]

Mike Weatherley, Intellectual Property Adviser to British Prime Minister David Cameron, and the Conservative member of Parliament for Hove and Portslade, recently published a report entitled “Follow the Money which addresses the detrimental impact of illegal websites profiting from advertising. Illegal downloading obviously remains a big problem in the UK.

Yep. But we live in a world where it’s easy to get away with illegal things these days. Anything can happen. Anything can go up on any site. You just have to track it, trace it, and hit them.

It has been suggested that the British music industry has been considerably hampered in the digital media environment. Is it not true that the industry there suffered from the management changes at PRS for Music until Robert Ashcroft was appointed chief executive in 2010? You fell behind on several copyright issues.


[PRS for Music--formerly The MCPS-PRS Alliance Limited--is the home of PRS and MCPS, representing the rights of over 100,000 members in the UK. The organization licenses organizations to play perform or make available copyright music on behalf of its members and those of overseas societies, distributing the royalties to them.]

The UK never did acquire a blank media levy, for instance.

No, no no. I think that we were mismanaged for many years. Lost a lot of money. Didn’t have the right staff to look after the right staff. Too many people were there (at PRS for Music) for their own interests, and I think we, as an industry, were caught by the growth of digital music... We were caught badly. We lost a lot of money. We should have had a blank tape levy, as you said, from day one. I think that was a major, major mistake.

But the performing right society (PRS for Music) is very good now. Some of the European societies are very very strong and very Bolshie. I hope that we will get more Bolshie and stronger as time goes by. But it’s a good leader.

Is it any easier today to make a pan-European licensing deal or is it still a hurdle?

They are slowly improving. But I can’t get too involved because, as I said, I don’t have that many catalogs that I handle for Europe.

A sign of the importance of streaming music is that listening data is now being incorporated in Britain’s official singles charts for the first time, starting this month (July, 2014). Streaming, however, is not a sale.

Yes. They (labels) certainly can’t deduct packaging costs from it (laughing). Over the years, most of them must have made a killing on those clauses. Controlled composition--how does it come in with streaming? I wonder.

[The Official Charts Company move away from a pure singles sales chart to a combined chart including streaming acknowledges the rise of music consumption via online streaming services coupled with the rise of the connected smartphone and tablet computers.

About 7.4 billion tracks were streamed on audio services in the UK in 2013, twice the total recorded in 2012, according to BPI, the British music industry trade body. The total number of weekly audio streams selected by music fans jumped from 100 million a week in Jan. 2013 to 200 million a week in Jan. 2014, and reached 260 million a week recently.

The chart move was made possible by the agreement of audio streaming services including Spotify, Deezer, Napster, O2 Tracks, Xbox Music and Sony’s Music Unlimited and rara, all members of the Entertainment Retailers Association (ERA), co-owners of the Official Charts Company, to supply weekly streaming data. To reflect the difference in weight between streaming and purchasing, 100 streams now count as equivalent to one single (download or physical single).]

While digital accounted for 50% of UK record industry trade revenues in 2013--with streaming bringing in 10% of that revenue—many people are not convinced that digital is the be all, and the end all to the industry’s woes.

Well, I don’t think that it is the be all, and the end all. I have always believed that if you give the public what they want, they buy it. For many years, record companies ignored the middle market. They were always frightened of being uncool. Look at the sales of people like Michael Bublé or the Adele album or Andrea Bocelli or André Rieu. People didn’t download their albums; they bought them because they were great albums. When you put out poor albums with one or two tracks on them, it becomes a waste of money for people. So they download a track. But give them a great album with a great artist, and people will buy the album.

Digital favors hot new pop tracks.

Well, I think that the pop dance area is huge in downloads. Obviously, you can break a group. You can break a band. But the middle market could be the savior of the industry if the industry spent more time looking at it. You quickly turn into a middle market. Very quickly. You go and see so many acts today and you look at the audience, and it’s a middle market audience.

When someone like Susan Boyle comes along in the mainstream middle market, sales just explode.

Well, that was a typical middle market situation. And Bublé has proved that a crooner can sell millions. He’s a great artist. André Rieu and Andrea Bocelli are too. There are so many of these acts that people don’t want to go, “Oh, great” because they want to sound cool. André Rieu is the biggest (music) DVD seller of all time in Australia.

With the growth of digital music services, the recording industry has faced a seismic shift in its existing business model. Revenue from digital sources, however, remains minimal.

Obviously, if you have a big track and you get a zillion downloads, it adds up. But it’s still pennies. On our publishing statements, it goes on forever and ever because we are accounting for 2p here, and 2p there. But I will tell you something very interesting. You find out about your catalog. Suddenly, you say, “What’s that song? Somebody has streamed it 500 times. That must be an interesting track.” It (streaming) sort of notifies you about things in your catalog that you didn’t quite realize that had any interest. That is one slightly interesting point that comes out of it.

There are also individual markets where physical still does well, like Germany.

Germany, yes. A lot of European markets are more old-fashioned. They tend to stay loyal to their older artists. Germany, they still have major German acts that sell and in France they still buy Johnny Hallyday. You know, they are much more loyal to the acts.

Still in many of the European markets, physical is more ubiquitously available. Music can still be purchased more readily in retail stores. In the US, stand-alone music retail has sharply declined, as it has in the UK.

Yes. And as much as I love HMV, it’s a wonderful store, and the people working in it are very interested in music. It’s a great store.

But it’s not like having a bunch of national music store chains.

No you have to go into the supermarkets (like Tesco) to buy product most of the time which is quite sad. But you never know. The (music) retailer might come back. Vinyl has become popular.

While downloading and streaming will continue grow, the music industry, perhaps, should be wary of getting rid of physical too quickly.

Exactly. But I think unfortunately that the business was a bit caught with their trousers down, and didn’t really think that any of this was really going to happen. They were just very lackadaisical just from day one and not unit.

You are talking back to the rise of Napster?

Yes. Everything. The whole industry was caught. So I think that the whole industry was a bit slow. They weren’t united about everything.

Still the CD configuration has been around longer than most other music configurations. What’s its future?

The CD. Well, I hope that it will have a great future. I don’t want a world of just downloads. I think with the internet in a funny sort of way does create people who are interested at looking at things. That’s why vinyl has become very popular in many ways. People like to have something in their hand to look at it. I still believe that with a great album people will buy a CD. Maybe, I am old-fashioned but I do believe that.

[In his remarkable 2007 Billboard editorial, “Compelling Criteria For Quality Consumers,” Tom Silverman, CEO of Tommy Boy Entertainment, and co-director of the New Music Seminar, argued that before the CD runs its course that the industry must seek to change its pricing model to one of consumer value perception. In effect, create a compelling package for the status/quality consumer.]

You started in music publishing in the mid-‘60s at David Toff Music Publishing.

David Toff was my father’s cousin. I did live plugging. Schlepping about to musicians and orchestras trying to get a song played.

So you were an old-fashioned plugger?

I am an old-fashioned plugger.

Did you play the piano to artist and producers backstage?

No I didn’t do anything apart from playing the record player. So Dave was my kick off.

What music did his company own?

it was a small, old-fashioned publishing company that had a few hit songs. He sold out eventually to Dick James. That was the era of live plugging. It was an incredible period.

That was the era of the Dick James Organization, Gordon Mills’ Management Agency and Music (M.A.M.), and David Platz…

At Essex Music. That’s right. it was a different period for music. It really was. It was a corner sweet shop industry. People went to drink at lunchtime, and went to drink afterwards, and we plugged and got songs in shows. And it meant something.

You worked for Page One Records which had an office above Dick James Music. The label, in fact, was co-founded by Larry Page and Dick James.

Yep, I worked for Larry Page. I did promotion there in the days of the Troggs. Larry was a great person to work with. I didn’t particularly like plugging at the BBC. I preferred to plug songs with record producers. The BBC wasn’t a very pleasant experience of going around.

You had to go into small offices with program producers and make your pitch for airplay of your records.

Correct. I was not a fan of that. I preferred going to see a record producer with a song.

Page One Records had a few hits, but so many of their records didn’t do well.

Yes. He did well in Germany and in Japan. He had certainly acts that sold well like “Beautiful Sunday” (by Daniel Boone on Penny Farthing Records) which did very well in Germany and in Japan. A very big record. And he had “Blues is the Colour” which was the Chelsea Football team anthem. He had on and off things. Of course, the Troggs did very well for him. He’s living in Australia at the moment. His son Ashley Page is managing the co-writer of Lorde, Joel Little.

After Page One Records, you began working a Welbeck Music?

Yes. The MD at Welbeck, Len Beadle, was a friend of mine from Lawrence Wright Music (where he was a professional manager). He took me from Larry Page, and got me into publishing which is what I wanted to do.

[From 1959 to 1964, Len Beadle was arranger, song-writer and singer of the British vocal harmony group, the Raindrops. After the Raindrops split up, he took a job at the Lawrence Wright Music before being hired by Sir Lew Grade in 1968 to help set up the ATV Music publishing. Under his stewardship, ATV Music built up a catalog which included the Beatles' song catalog Northern Songs, as well as songs by the Searchers, the Kinks, Donovan, the Moody Blues, and Petula Clark.]

Welbeck Music was an ATV-affiliated company?

Yeah, Welbeck Music was the publishing company of Pye Records, and was owned by the Associated Television Corporation. So they wanted to do something with Welbeck. Welbeck had songs with Tony Hatch, and Tony Macaulay. We had a little office in the property that ATV owned in St. Martin’s Lane. There were three of us down there. It grew from then.

At ATV Music, you worked closely with Geoff Heath who had been the managing director of Shapiro Bernstein.

He came in as the managing director over Len. Then they brought in John Craig (in business administration). They started to beef it up a bit with the ownership of Northern Songs, and Lawrence Wright Music and everything. The company started to get bigger. We built it up to a very successful company until ATV Television, the parent company of ATV Music, went into the film business.

Was it Geoff who was approached about purchasing Northern Songs? At the time, the acquisition was controversial because the Beatles weren’t reportedly consulted. Paul McCartney and John Lennon had been out of the country.

I don’t know about that situation. All I know is that (ATV’s finance director) Jack Gill bought Northern Songs from Dick James. Jack Gill was a very shrewd, and wise financial controller at ATV Television. He was very publishing oriented. They wanted to build the publishing company of ATV. We became stronger in controlling the music from the TV series. We did all of the music for “The Persuaders,” “The Protectors,” and all these different (ATV) shows. We even changed the national anthem (“God Save The Queen”) because it was discovered that one of the producers had copyrighted it.

In those days, every time BBC Television shut down in the evening at midnight they played the national anthem. Somebody cottoned on to it, and copyrighted it in their name and they were copping the publishing. We immediately changed it to an ATV Music copyright. In the cinemas, they used to play the national anthem when the films ended as well.

[Northern Songs was a limited company founded in 1963, by Dick James, the Beatles’ manager Brian Epstein, John Lennon and Paul McCartney, to publish songs written by Lennon and McCartney, as well as songs written by George Harrison and Ringo Starr. In 1965, it was decided to make Northern Songs a public company, in order to save on capital gains tax. In 1969, James and his partner Charles Silver sold their 32% share in Northern Songs to ATV.]

ATV Music also signed Barry Blue and Lynsey de Paul.

They were our early signings. Barry Blue, Lynsey de Paul, and Ron Roker. We had a whole string of hits “Sugar Me” (de Paul) and “Dancin’ On A Saturday Night” (Blue). I signed Lynsey when she was 18. Yes, it was the beginning of everything.

ATV had a partnership with Don Kirshner’s KEC Music for two years working as ATV Kirshner until 1972.

Yes, Then they went back to ATV Music.

As a song man, you must have been thrilled to have access to the Kirshner’s American catalog.

We didn’t have the classic old Kirshner catalog. The only things that we had from Kirshner was the Neil Sedaka and Howard Greenfield as well as Barkan and Adams, and Ron Dante. He didn’t really have much. I had a great relationship with Neil Sedaka and Howie Greenfield during the Kirshner period. We had "Is This the Way to Amarillo.” All of the big hits.

[Neil Sedaka and Howard Greenfield’s song "Is This the Way to Amarillo,” recorded by Tony Christie, initially reached #18 in the UK singles chart in 1971. However, it was a substantially bigger hit at that time across Europe, notably in Germany and Spain, where it reached #1.]

What was ATV-affiliated Bradley Records?

Well, I have no idea. It was a lunatic idea. The name. I don’t know what on earth we had the label for but we did have a couple of hits. We had the Goodies, and Stephanie de Sykes, and we had “Honey Honey (Sweet Dreams)” but the name was ludicrous. The concept was ludicrous.

And yet you were running Bradley Records.

It wasn’t my idea, fortunately. And I don’t think that Pye Records liked it very much either. It was fun at the time. The best record was “Honey Honey” by Sweet Dreams, a big ABBA cover that we did (reaching #10 in the UK in 1974).

There’s the story of you and Geoff visiting John Lennon and Yoko Ono at The Dakota in New York where you heard a song that you haven’t heard since.

Correct. I remember that very, very clearly. Geoff and I went up to The Dakota. They were lovely. Yoko came out with a tray with cold meats and salads, and John came out of the shower with a towel around his neck, and jeans on, and no shirt. He started at the piano, and he played this song and I have never heard of it since. It was called “Between The Lines.”

We saw them a couple of times in New York. We even went into a little restaurant, the Creperie, just off Sixth Avenue by the ATV Capitol Industries building. We were just strolling in with both of them and had lunch. Everybody there, all of the office people, were sort of looking. The last time we saw them was the day that we were leaving New York and they were standing of West 57th Street looking up at the Arista Building. Just standing there looking up in the air. And that’s the last time we saw them.

Your visits were before Sean Ono Lennon was born?

Yes. I was lucky enough to have met John three times. I met McCartney a couple of times as well. Geoff dealt with them a lot as well as people like Jack Gill. There were lots of things going on in that period. It was very exciting.

In 1982, Robert Holmes å Court acquired Associated Communications Corporation, the holding company of ATV Music with Northern Songs. A surprise. The real shocker was Michael Jackson acquiring ATV Music in 1985, and then a decade later merging his catalog with Sony Music's publishing establishing Sony/ATV Music Publishing, in which he retained half-ownership.

Well, we all knew that when he (Robert Holmes å Court) bought the whole lot, he was going to asset strip it. He asset stripped it, and sold the publishing off to Michael Jackson. He took out (Lennon and McCartney’s) “Penny Lane” because it’s the name of his daughter. So that’s not in Northern Songs.

Still a shock that Michael Jackson bought ATV Music.

Brilliant. Wherever he got his advice from, it was brilliant. I don’t know why McCartney didn’t buy the whole lot and sell off ATV Music and Lawrence Wright Music, and keep Northern Songs.

Perhaps, Paul felt ATV Music was too big to acquire on his own.

Yeah, and he didn’t want to deal with the (John) Lennon situation. But it’s very sad because ATV was a young company. The publishing was only a young company. And we left on the back of winning the Eurovision Song Contest with “Save Your Kisses For Me” (the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1976, performed for the United Kingdom by Brotherhood of Man). Geoff and I felt that we wanted to go on our own (as Heath Levy Music) because all of the publishers that we dealt with in Europe were all independently-owned companies. We got backing from the late Trudi Meisel and Peter Meisel from Berlin.

["Save Your Kisses for Me" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1976, performed for the United Kingdom by Brotherhood of Man. The song was written by Tony Hiller, Lee Sheriden, and Martin Lee, the latter two being members of the band. Released by Pye Records, it reached #1 in the UK, and it was the biggest-selling song of the year.]

Your father Morris had an encounter with the Beatles’ manager Brian Epstein when he looking for a label for the group. He telephoned your dad, but he was out to lunch. A true story?

Yes it was. He just phoned around to people who were in. Who answered the phone. That is a famous story. That’s why I never go out to lunch anymore.

Was music part of your life growing up?

Well, it was. It was a huge part.

Did you have a big record collection as a kid?

Yes, obviously a lot of vinyl plus my father had the Embassy (budget) label at Woolworth’s which was the covers of the hits. It was a new hit that was covered in the studio (by a studio group) with another hit on the other side. It was a very good market.

Your father owned Oriole Records which had big hits with Chas McDevitt’s Skiffle Group featuring Nancy Whiskey as well as Russ Hamilton.

All those things. (McDevitt’s) “Freight Train” (which reached #5 in the UK in 1957). When I was at school I met people like (Columbia Records president) Goddard Lieberson, and (Motown Record founder) Berry Gordy Jr. People like that. It was a very exciting period. Goddard Lieberson was British, of course (born in Hanley in Staffordshire).

[Oriole Records was a London-based label founded in 1927 by Morris Levy as an offshoot of his Levaphone label. During Oriole's first decade, the imprint released popular music in the UK until closing in 1935. In 1950, Oriole was revived as the British licensee for Mercury Records. In 1953, the label launched its Embassy budget imprint, selling cover versions of Top 20 hits exclusively through the Woolworth's retail chain. After Mercury established a presence in the UK in 1955, Oriole focused its activities on recording British artists, and became a UK outlet for smaller European labels, and had success with Domenico Modugno's original recording of "Volare" and recordings As well Oriole began licensing Motown Records recordings in 1962, and began issuing American label Savoy's jazz recordings through its Realm subsidiary. In 1965, Oriole's studios and two pressing plants were purchased by Columbia Records in New York which resulted in the launch of CBS UK.]

What part of London did you grow up in?

I was brought up in the centre of London with a nice middleclass Jewish background. A father having a record label. A mother having a hat shop. We were living in Baker Street. Of course, the ‘50s, and the ‘60s were a very good period for my father. He had really struggled a lot. He had the Mercury label, and he had battled to get out of that rather unsavory partnership. He didn’t realize too much about it when he got involved in it. This was in the days of Irving Green (co-founder of Mercury Records). Motown, of course, was the start of something, but the BBC in those days didn’t like playing black music. Then, when my parents went to the Apollo Theatre in New York—they were invited there— they said (to Motown executives), “Why don’t you make the music just a little bit more commercial for the white market?” Then they (Motown) shoved up the option money. Oriole couldn’t afford it, and Motown landed up with Stateside EMI and then came Mary Wells’ hit “My Guy.” So from “Do you Love Me” to “My Guy” (which reached #5 in the UK in 1964), they (Motown) had softened it down. But I have great memories because I had my 21st birthday celebration meeting the Supremes at the Talk of the Town (nightclub). It was a brilliant musical period. Brilliant.

[“Live At London's Talk of the Town” is a 1968 live album released by Diana Ross & the Supremes on the Motown label, recorded at the Talk of the Town nightclub in London. This performance marked the first time that new member Cindy Birdsong had performed overseas with original Supremes Diana Ross and Mary Wilson, a year after original founding member Florence Ballard was ousted. The group performed a variation of standards, show tunes, and their own classics. Reportedly Mick Jagger and Paul McCartney were also in the audience.]

Berry Gordy Jr. was intent then on building the Supremes and other Motown acts into a nightclub attractions.

Well I was there then. I was there for my 21st at the Talk of the Town. I went backstage and met them and got their autographs. Mary Wilson was stunning. She was a beautiful. Those acts were absolutely wonderful. I was brought up on Holland, Dozier & Holland. I have always been a soul man so black music has always been my favorite.

Your father basically sold Columbia Records in New York a complete British operation. CBS had no footprint in the UK marketplace until buying Oriole.

Correct. He had the factory, the recording studios, the pressing plant, and a staff. Everything was there.

Why did your father sell?

I think that he got to the point where he felt he just wanted to. I was at school. My brother (John) was out of the business. We weren’t in the business waiting to take over. I think that it was just the strain of everything and wanting to do it. And, of course, there was usual takeover thing, “We are going to keep the Oriole label going.” Of course, five minutes later, they killed the label..

It was Columbia/Oriole for about a year.

Yes. It was.

Let’s talk British football. Will Chelsea beat Arsenal, Tottenham Hotspurs, and Manchester United this year?

We hope so. We have strengthened the team.

With striker Diego Costa from Atletico Madrid.

Yes, and with Filipe Luis and Seth Fabrigas. We’ll see. It wasn’t that magical last season. It was a bit of a disappointing season.

How have you failed to pick up the publishing of the Chelsea Football team anthem, “Blues is the Colour?”

Well it was an old song that Larry Page published. He sold the catalog to EMI. It was Stirling McQueen Music catalog.. It’s a very good song, and was a very well produced record. And it has never dated.

Do you know which Canadian music superstar is also a Chelsea football fan?

Yes, Bryan Adams. He goes to Chelsea games regularly (at the Stamford Bridge stadium). He’s a big fan. He’s got a season ticket.

[Bryan Adams dedicated “We’re Going To Win” on his 1996 album, “18 Til I Die” to the Chelsea Football Club.]

Larry LeBlanc is widely recognized as one of the leading music industry journalists in the world. Before joining CelebrityAccess in 2008 as senior editor, he was the Canadian bureau chief of Billboard from 1991-2007 and Canadian editor of Record World from 1970-89. He was also a co-founder of the late Canadian music trade, The Record.

He has been quoted on music industry issues in hundreds of publications including Time, Forbes, and the London Times. He is co-author of the book “Music From Far And Wide.”

Larry is the recipient of the 2013 Walt Grealis Special Achievement Award, recognizing individuals who have made an impact on the Canadian music industry. He is a board member of the Mariposa Folk Festival in Orillia, Ontario.


Industry Profile Archives:
Mick The DJ, DJ/Enterpeneur 04/30/15
Jeremy Lascelles & Robin Millar, Blue Raincoat Chrysalis Group 12/01/17
Joanne Abbot Green, CMJ Music Marathon and Film Festival 10/17/08
Lee Abrams, XM Satellite Radio 11/28/03
John Acquaviva, Fund Manager, DJ and Serial Entrepreneur 07/09/15
Jay Boy Adams, Roadhouse Transportation 05/04/07
Jamie Adler, Adler Entertainment Group 05/11/07
Gary Adler, National Association of Ticket Brokers 12/04/13
Rodney Afshari, Freeze Artist Management 03/01/02
JC Ahn, VU Entertainment 04/10/13
Steve Alaimo, Vision Records & Audio Vision Studios 05/26/06
Jaye Albright, Albright & O'Malley Consulting 07/19/10
Randy Alexander, Randex Communications 10/12/07
David Alexander, Sheer Publishing 07/21/16
Eva Alexiou-Reo, FATA Booking Agency 05/14/15
Marcie Allen, Mad Booking 12/14/00
Jeff Allen, Universal Attractions 08/16/02
Marcie Allen, MAC Presents 06/05/09
Marcie Allen Cardwell, MAC Presents 12/21/07
David Allgood, Bama Theatre 01/03/11
Patrick Allocco, AllGood Concerts 10/05/07
Michele Amar, French Embassy 05/26/16
Mike Amato, Rok Tours International 02/02/07
Jeff Apregan, Apregan Entertainment Group/Venue Coalition 09/30/15
Billy Atwell, AMP Studios 12/13/07
Bob Babisch, Milwaukee World Festivals Inc. 04/02/15
Tom Baggot, 05/02/03
Stephen Bailey, EPACC & Deleware Center For The Arts 02/06/04
Cary Baker, Conqueroo 05/11/11
Vince Bannon, Getty Images 07/05/11
Phil Barber, Barber & Associates 02/04/01
Camille Barbone, WineDark Records 12/09/05
Erin Barra, Musician/Producer/Educator 07/10/14
Ben Baruch, The Fox Theatre 09/27/08
Ben Baruch, By Larry LeBlanc (CelebrityAccess) 04/05/17
Paul Bassman, Ascend Insurance Brokerage 08/03/16
Adam Bauer, Fleming, Tamulevich & Associates 02/15/02
Ed Bazel, That's Entertainment International 10/05/01
Joachim Becker, ZOHO Music L.L.C. 01/12/07
Howard Becker, Comet Technologies 05/02/11
Mark Bego, Author 06/15/07
Jim Beloff, Flea Market Music 09/20/10
Richard Bengloff, The American Association of Independent Music (A2IM) 09/12/13
Seth Berg, South Bay Music 01/30/09
Aimee Berger, 2 Generations SPA Music Management 09/24/04
David Berger, Future Beat 10/29/14
Barry Bergman, Music Managers Forum 03/14/03
Steve Bernstein, Relix LLC 09/30/05
Mark Berry, Attack Media Group 04/07/07
Scott Billington, Rounder Records 01/17/12
Jeffrey Bischoff, Cinder Block 03/24/06
Sat Bisla, A&R Worldwide/ Musexpo 03/29/10
Nina Blackwood, Sirius Satellite Radio 07/14/06
Adam Block, Legacy Recordings 11/07/13
P.J. Bloom, Neophonic, Inc. 01/24/11
Rishon Blumberg, Brick Wall Management 06/27/03
Justin Bolognino, Learned Evolution, and The Meta Agency 04/25/13
Steve "Chopper" Borges, Total Pro and Borse Techos 03/03/06
Les Borsai, Mediocre Management 01/30/04
Shane Bourbonnais, Live Nation Canada 03/21/08
Jeff Bowen, Sears Centre Arena 03/13/08
Rick Bowen, Mystic Music Experience 07/11/08
John Boyle, Sanctuary Music Group 03/19/04
Jeff & Todd Brabec, Writers/Attorneys 01/03/12
Bill Bragin, Joe's Pub at the Public Theater 08/08/03
Joel Brandes, Avenue Management Group 11/02/08
Joe Brandmeier, Moving Pictures 03/15/02
Scooter Braun, SB Projects 12/13/10
Ron Brice, 3rd & Lindsley Bar & Grill 06/08/16
Billy Brill, Billy Alan Productions 11/11/05
Doug Brown, Talent Buyers Network 09/21/01
James Browne, Sweet Rhythm 11/01/02
Bob Brumley, Brumley Music Company 02/17/16
Tony Brummel, Victory Records 05/17/09
Charlie Brusco, TBA Entertainment Corporation 10/13/01
Del Bryant, BMI 05/18/07
Cortez Bryant, Bryant Management 12/06/10
Stephen Budd, Stephen Budd Management 07/13/17
Bruce Burch, University of Georgia Music Business Program 10/09/09
Deborah Burda, Kentucky Exposition Center 08/03/07
Patti Burgart, IEBA 06/07/02
Jordan Burger, The New Musiquarium 01/22/01
Ron Burman, Roadrunner Records 08/25/06
Suzanne Cadgene, Elmore 05/19/06
Karen Cadle, KGC Productions 03/12/04
Gary Calamar, KCRW 07/10/09
Charles Caldas, Merlin 07/05/10
Brian Camelio, ArtistShare 02/29/08
David Campbell, AEG Europe 08/02/10
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Entertainment Group 10/20/00
Tom Cantone, Foxwoods Resort Casino 07/03/03
Tom Cantone, Mohegan Sun 08/30/09
Ashley Capps, A. C. Entertainment 05/21/04
Rio Caraeff, Vevo 07/12/11
Mike Carden, Eagle Rock Entertainment 08/16/11
Charles Carlini, Carlini Group 05/16/08
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 05/27/05
Mark Carpentieri, M.C. Records 01/10/11
Troy Carter, Coalition Media Group 06/07/10
Daniel Catullo, Coming Home Studios 06/22/08
Raffi Cavoukian, Folk Singer/Children's Entertainer 05/11/16
Jeffrey Chabon, Chabon Entertainment Group 08/22/02
Mike Chadwick, Essential Music & Marketing 08/01/12
Rob Challice, Coda Music Agency 03/27/13
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 01/11/02
Tom Chauncey, Partisan Arts 10/04/11
Lisa Cherniak, Artists Against Racism (AAR) 07/20/01
Bob Chiappardi, Concrete Marketing 06/13/03
Joel Chriss, Chriss & Co. 10/04/02
Michael Chugg, Michael Chugg Entertainment 09/14/01
Michael Chugg, Chugg Enterprises 10/02/09
Gary Churgin, Harry Fox Agency 09/13/10
Vinny Cinquemani, S.L. Feldman & Associates 12/13/12
Barry Coburn, Ten Ten Music Group 03/28/11
Matthew Cohen, Green Room Productions 10/19/01
Ted Cohen, TAG Strategic 01/10/13
Lisa Cohen, Associated Booking Corporation 02/10/06
Steve Cohen, Music + Art Management, Inc. 03/09/07
Dan Cohen, Music & Memory 01/12/17
Michael Cohl - Part 1, S2BN Entertainment 03/06/13
Michael Cohl - Part 2, S2BN Entertainment 03/13/13
Bryan Coleman, Union Entertainment Group 02/14/12
Mamie Coleman, Fox Broadcasting 07/05/12
Dennis Condon, Disneyland Resorts 07/13/01
Peter Conlon, Peter Conlon Presents 05/20/05
Tony Conway, Buddy Lee Attractions 10/06/00
Allen Cook, TOURtech 04/16/15
Tomas Cookman, Cookman International 09/05/03
Alex Cooley, Alex Cooley Presents 07/12/10
David Cooper, 10/31/03
Jay Cooper, Greenberg Traurig, LLP 05/23/11
Julie Coulter, Near North Insurance Groups 06/07/01
Amy Cox, Deep South Entertainment 02/09/07
Michael O. Crain, Crain Law Group, LLC 10/09/13
Charlie Cran, The Strawberry Music Festival 04/05/10
Jim Cressman, Invictus Entertainment Group 06/06/12
Russ Crupnick, MusicWatch, Inc. 07/23/15
Todd Culberhouse, Vision Management /Vision Records and Entertainment 09/05/08
Tony D'Amelio, Washington Speakers Bureau 04/21/06
Ruth Daniel, In Place of War 08/09/17
Ray Danniels, Standing Room Only Management, and the Anthem Entertainment Group 03/05/15
Ken Dashow, WAXQ-FM (l04.3 FM) - New York 09/08/06
Hal David, Lyricist 07/26/11
David Davidian, Independant Lighting Designer/Director 06/18/04
Anthony Davis, D&L Entertainment Services, Inc. 03/02/01
Chip Davis, American Gramaphone/Mannheim Steamroller 05/31/02
Mitch Davis, Tempest Entertainment 07/16/04
Jeff Dawson, Canadian Recording Services 06/08/08
Desiree Day, USO Celebrity Entertainment 08/10/01
Shauna de Cartier, Six Shooter Records/Six Shooter Management 10/23/13
Gene DeAnna, The Library of Congress 02/21/12
Vincent Degiorgio, Chapter 2 Productions 08/01/13
Tony DeLauro, DeLauro Management 12/23/04
Valerie Denn, Val Denn Agency 04/30/01
Val Denn, Val Denn Agency 03/06/14
Robert DePugh, Alligator Records 07/29/05
Tom Derr, Rock Ridge Music 10/29/04
Paul Dexter, Masterworks Lighting Design and Road Cases 12/10/04
Marty Diamond, Paradigm 01/22/10
Glenn Dicker, Redeye Distribution/Yep Roc Records 07/07/06
Barry Dickins, International Talent Booking Agency 06/06/13
Jim Digby, Event Safety Alliance 09/01/16
Mark Dinerstein, The Knitting Factory 11/17/06
Neill Dixon, Canadian Music Week 03/03/16
Thomas Dolby, Musician, academic, technologist, and author 11/09/16
Jasper Donat, Music Matters 2009/Branded 04/24/09
Jim Donio, National Association of Recording Merchandisers 04/22/11
Marc Dottore, M. Dottore Management 04/11/03
Tim Drake, The Roots Agency 12/12/08
Mike Dreese, Newbury Comics 11/23/11
Charles Driebe, Blind Ambition Management Ltd. 09/22/06
Jeremy Driesen, Ray Bloch Productions 09/07/01
Michael Drumm, Music Link Productions 07/18/08
Angie Dunn, Lucky Artist Booking 10/13/06
Jay Durgan, MEDIAmobz 11/09/11
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver's Division of Theatres & Arenas 08/02/02
Erik Dyce, City and County of Denver’s Division of Theatres and Arenas 08/23/10
Paolo d’Alessandro, International Solutions 06/25/14
Ros Earls, 140dB Management 02/19/14
Art Edelstein, Festival Productions 12/01/02
Bruce Eisenberg, Audio Analysts 08/31/01
Martin Elbourne, The Glastonbury Festival 12/18/09
Michael Elder, Red Entertainment 03/17/06
Tod Elmore, Sixthman 11/24/06
Paul Emery, Clear Channel Entertainment 11/19/04
Arty Erk, Citrin Cooperman 04/27/16
Joe Escalante, Kung Fu Records 07/08/05
Colin Escott, Music Historian/Journalist 07/18/11
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 09/27/02
Ritch Esra, The Music Business Registry 04/24/12
Mike Esterman, Esterman Entertainment 09/01/06
Jeff Eyrich, BePop Records 11/25/05
Bob Ezrin, Bigger Picture Group 05/24/09
Lisa Fancher, Frontier Records 08/09/10
Rick Farman, Superfly Productions 10/15/04
Ray Farrell, eMusic 06/09/06
Sam Feldman, S.L. Feldman & Associates 10/25/02
Bob Feldman, Red House Records 11/24/02
Charlie Feldman, BMI 08/26/05
Paul Fenn, Asgard Promotions 11/22/09
Debra "Fergy" Ferguson, TourDesign 08/01/03
Pete Fisher, Grand Ole Opry 09/11/09
David Fishof, David Fishof Presents 01/08/01
David Fishof, Rock 'N Roll Fantasy 10/05/08
David Fishof, Rock ’n’ Roll Fantasy Camp 02/28/12
Mike Flanagin, New England Country Music Festival 09/12/08
Joel Flatow, RIAA 12/13/11
Jim Fleming, Fleming Artists 03/20/10
Joe Fletcher, Joe Fletcher Presents 01/12/06
Jeff Fluhr, StubHub 10/06/06
Nancy Fly, The Nancy Fly Agency 04/02/04
Arthur Fogel, Live Nation 08/09/09
Martin Folkman, Independent Music Awards & Music Resource Group 08/11/06
Belle Forino, Fantasma Tours 03/18/05
Fletcher Foster, Universal Records South 07/31/09
Sam Foxman, Contemporary Productions 01/06/06
Todd Frank, 4Star Entertainment, LLC 01/24/03
Bob Frank, Koch Entertainment 01/09/09
Larry Frank, Frank Productions 01/17/11
Mike Fraser, Record Producer/Engineer 10/11/08
Carl Freed, Metropolitan Entertainment 06/22/01
Elizabeth Freund, Beautiful Day Media & Management 01/26/07
Harlan Frey, Roadrunner Records 07/11/03
Adam Friedman, Nederlander Concerts 06/22/07
Ted Gardner, Larrikin Management 04/25/03
Daniel Gélinas, Festival d’été de Québec 05/23/13
Marci Geller, Sonic Underground 08/15/08
Chris Gero, Yamaha Entertainment Group 10/26/16
Steve Gerstman, SGS 07/19/02
Sandra Gibson, The Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/09/04
Sandra L. Gibson, Association of Performing Arts Presenters 01/16/09
Steve Gietka, Trump Properties 07/30/01
Steve Gietka, SMG Entertainment 03/19/14
Darren Gilmore, Watchdog Management 03/17/16
Daniel Glass, Glassnote Entertainment Group 10/16/14
Jake Gold, The Management Trust 04/13/01
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 09/07/07
Harris Goldberg, Concert Ideas 06/27/11
Neil Goldberg, Cirque Productions 04/16/14
Martin Goldschmidt, Cooking Vinyl Group 09/29/16
Harvey Goldsmith, Harvey Goldsmith Productions 06/28/10
Michael Goldstein, RockPoP Gallery 11/09/07
Seth Goldstein, 09/20/11
Anna Paula Goncalves, CEO Global Brand Appeal 08/20/14
Arnie Goodman, Blue Storm Music 11/15/02
Wesley Goodman, Red Entertainment 09/16/05
Richard Goodstone, Superfly Productions 01/27/06
Christie Goodwin, Photographer 03/18/15
Rob Gordon, What Are Records? LTD 02/01/02
Steve Gordon, Entertainment Attorney 08/06/04
Yoav Goren, Immediate Music & Imperativa Records 06/10/14
Mike Gormley, L.A. Personal Development 11/10/06
Jonathan Gosselin, Gosselin Marketing & Promotions 07/02/04
Richard Gottehrer, The Orchard 04/10/09
Sean Goulding, The Agency Group London 09/12/12
Jerimaya Grabher, RPM Direct 09/26/03
Mary Granata, The Granata Agency 09/06/10
Kelly Graves, Providence Performing Arts Center/Professional Facilities Management 01/20/02
Stan Green, Stanley A. Green Lighting and Productions 12/12/03
Mark Green, Celebrity Talent Agency Inc. / Bergen Performing Arts Center 08/12/05
Jeffrey Green, Americana Music Association 03/10/06
Paul Green, The School of Rock 07/06/08
Benjy Grinberg, Rostrum Records 12/06/11
Brent Grulke, SXSW 03/06/09
Michael Gudinski, The Mushroom Group 10/29/15
Phil Guiliano, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. & OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/25/05
Steve Gumble, SBG Productions 06/16/06
Greg Hagglund, Vivelo! 05/07/04
Rodney Hall, FAME Music Group 11/06/09
Rob Hallett, Robomagic 02/05/15
Craig Hankenson, Producers, Inc 02/23/06
Kerry Hansen, Wynonna Incorporated 10/03/03
Eric Hanson, Ted Kurland Associates 12/20/02
Eric Hanson, Tree Lawn Artists 03/23/07
Rusty Harmon, MTM Music Management 12/06/07
Ali Harnell, Clear Channel Entertainment Nashville 08/15/03
Bob Harris, 02/06/09
Evan Harrison, Huka Entertainment 12/08/16
David Hart, The Agency Group 02/20/04
Laura Hassler, Musicians without Borders 12/02/15
Abe Hathot, Musician, composer, and music producer. 12/21/16
Steve Hecht, Piedmont Talent 08/29/12
Travis Hellyer, Mezzanine 09/02/05
Janie Hendrix, Experience Hendrix 02/01/10
Nona Hendryx, Rhythmbank Entertainment 06/02/06
Dan Herrington, Dualtone Records 07/25/03
Sara Hickman, Sleeveless/Stingray 06/30/06
Dan Hirsch, On Board Entertainment 04/04/03
Nick Hobbs, Charmenko 12/14/01
Carel Hoffman, Hilltop Live/Oppikoppi Productions 11/07/12
Ian Hogarth, Songkick 08/09/11
Gene Hollister, Rose Presents 04/08/01
Rusty Hooker, Rock Steady Management Agency 02/16/01
Jake Hooker, Hook Entertainment 05/10/02
Martin Hopewell, Primary Talent International 04/19/02
Tom Hoppa, TKO Booking Agency 09/29/06
Bobbie Horowitz, Times Square Group 01/04/02
Barney Hoskyns, Rock's Backpages 11/01/11
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 10/27/00
Bruce Houghton, Skyline Music 01/22/14
Andi Howard, Peak Records and Andi Howard Entertainment 09/02/03
Barbara Hubbard, ACTS 09/12/03
Laurent Hubert, BMG US 11/12/15
Seth Hurwitz, I.M.P. 04/20/09
Ariel Hyatt, Author, and founder of Cyber PR 11/23/16
Mark Hyman, Ashley Talent International 11/09/01
Brett Hyman, Category 5 Entertainment 07/23/04
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 08/17/01
Bruce Iglauer, Alligator Records 05/28/14
Doug Isaac, Super Bowl Concert Series Producer (EXI) 08/24/01
David Israelite, National Music Publishers' Association 11/29/08
Tom Jackson, Tom Jackson Productions 02/06/13
Jay Jacobs, Parc Landon 09/21/07
Larry Jacobson, World Audience 09/17/04
Audra Jaeger, The Management Trust 05/09/03
Ralph James, The Agency Group 01/31/11
Jeffrey Jampol, Jampol Artist Management 07/18/12
Jean Michel Jarre, International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers (CISAC) 06/19/13
Michael Jaworek, The Birchmere 05/08/09
Peter Jesperson, New West Records 11/03/06
John Jeter, The Handlebar 08/15/12
Mike Johnson, Groundrush Media 02/17/06
Andrea Johnson, ICM Partners 11/02/17
Mike Gormley & Jolene Pellant, Yes, Dear Entertainment 04/23/10
Susan Joseph, Justice Entertainment Group 02/21/11
Darren Julien, Julien's Auctions 10/25/10
Henry Juszkiewicz, Gibson Guitars 09/28/10
Justin Kalifowitz, Downtown Publishing 04/20/17
Leonard Kalikow, Music Business Reference, Inc. 06/26/08
Craig Kallman, Atlantic Records 03/20/09
Steve Kane, Warner Music Canada 02/09/17
Danny Kapilian, Independent Producer 07/12/02
Mike Kappus, The Rosebud Agency 10/26/09
Andy Kaufman, Birdland 05/17/02
Wendy Kay, Mars Talent Agency 03/09/01
Lucas Keller, The Collective 03/22/11
Marty Kern, Clemson University 07/07/01
Carlos Keyes, Red Entertainment 10/08/04
Golnar Khosrowshahi, Reservoir Media Management 10/24/12
Martin Kierszenbaum, Interscope/Cherrytree Records 09/06/09
Barney Kilpatrick, Rattlesby Records 10/28/05
John Kinsner, The Walnut Room 03/28/08
Doug Kirby, LiveTourArtists 10/24/03
Steve Kirsner, Compaq Center 06/29/01
JoAnne Klabin, Sweet Relief 03/21/03
Andrew Klein, Revolution Marketing 11/05/04
Larry Klein, Producer, bassist, songwriter 03/13/12
Jack Kleinsinger, Highlights in Jazz 04/25/08
Ann Kline, Casa Kline 09/04/14
Brian Knaff, Talent Buyers Network 09/29/01
Kymberlee Knight, IEBA 11/16/00
Mike Kociela, 360 Productions 05/30/08
Stefan Kohlmeyer, Bach Technology 02/08/10
Lily Kohn, Microsoft Corporation 02/14/11
Tim Kolleth, Alligator Records 01/25/08
Al Kooper, Musician/songwriter/producer/author 02/06/14
Mitchell Koulouris, Digital Musicworks International, Inc. 02/11/05
Mark Krantz, John Schreiber Group 06/15/01
Jeff Krasno, Velour Music Group 11/19/07
Jeffrey Kruger, The Kruger Organisation 01/25/02
Harvey Kubernik, Author/historian/music journalist 08/20/15
Ted Kurland, Ted Kurland Associates 01/15/01
Jordan Kurland, Zeitgeist Artist Management 08/23/11
Carianne Laguna, Blackheart Records 03/07/08
Brady Lahr, Kufala Recordings 04/30/04
Ernie Lake, EL Records 01/19/07
Roks Lam, Wolfman Jack Entertainment 12/17/04
Anni Lam, Parc Landon 06/29/07
Gary Lane, CenterLane Attractions 10/14/05
Tom LaPenna, Lucky Man Productions 09/10/04
Camilo Lara, EMI Music Mexico/MIS 08/10/07
Gary Lashinsky, Lipizzaner Tours 05/13/05
Gregg Latterman, Aware Records 12/13/02
Tony Laurenson, Eat to the Beat 02/27/04
Emily Lazar, The Lodge 10/15/15
Bill Leabody, Leabody Systems 06/10/05
Peter Leak, 24-7 Worldwide Management 03/28/12
Steve Leeds, SR. VP/Promotion/Rock Formats at Virgin Records 07/26/02
Elliot Lefko, Goldenvoice 09/21/17
Bob Lefsetz, The Lefsetz Letter 11/14/08
Carl Leighton-Pope, Leighton-Pope Organisation 07/05/09
Steve Lemon, Live 4 Live, Inc. 12/06/02
Randy Lennox, Universal Music Canada 06/24/15
Simma Levine, Disson Furst and Partners 11/10/00
Andy Levine, Sixthman 06/08/07
Rich Levy, Clear Channel Entertainment Properties 06/25/04
Eddie Levy, Chelsea Music Publishing 07/24/14
Myles Lewis, Denise Rich Songs 12/20/10
Adam Lewis, Planetary Group 01/20/16
Terry Lickona, Austin City Limits 03/14/11
Justine Liddelow, Stage and Screen Travel Services 08/31/11
Jim Lidestri, Border City Media 09/03/15
Larry Lieberman, 4EverWild 03/28/03
Eric Lilavois, Crown City Studios, and London Bridge Studio 12/10/14
Miriam Linna, Norton Records 05/18/17
Marc Lipkin, Alligator Records 03/05/05
Tommy LiPuma (Part 1), Verve Records 11/08/10
Tommy LiPuma (Part 2), Verve Records 11/15/10
Alexander Ljung, SoundCloud 10/04/10
Andy Lo Russo, The Singing Chef 12/16/05
Phil Lobel, Lobeline Communications 08/13/04
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 01/21/05
Paul Lohr, New Frontier Touring 05/17/10
Julie Lokin, New Audiences 03/23/01
Dave Lory, Artemis Records 03/30/02
Max Loubiere, Tour Director 04/11/12
Mark Lourie, Skyline Music 03/08/02
Dave Lucas, Live-360 04/28/06
Joe Lucchese, EventJoe 02/23/07
Kevin Lyman, 4 fini 03/30/01
Kevin Lyman, Vans Warped Tour 05/23/12
Jennifer Lyon, MeanRed Productions 01/18/18
Bubba Mac, 09/14/07
David Macias, Emergent Music Marketing 06/17/05
Kristen Madsen, Grammy Foundation and MusiCares 11/22/10
Larry Magid, Larry Magid Entertainment 05/04/10
Peter Malkin, PM Management 02/07/03
Toby Mamis, Alive Enterprises 02/12/01
Billy Mann, Green & Bloom | Topl1ne, Manncom 09/18/14
Tasea Margeolas, Multi Entertainment 06/23/06
Tony Margherita, dBpm Records 09/06/11
Bob Roux & Mark Campana, Live Nation 12/20/11
Lee Marshall, Magic Arts & Entertainment 09/13/02
Zach Martin, Radio Producer at New York's WAXQ-FM 08/30/02
Mario Martin, Gorgeous PR 04/27/07
Molly Martinez, Ticket Summit 2008 05/23/08
Paul Mascioli, Mascioli Entertainment 01/14/05
Michael Maska, Big Hassle 01/28/05
Ted Mason, Mi-5 Recordings 11/16/01
Steve Masur, Masur & Associates, LLC 11/21/03
Pam Matthews, The Ryman Auditorium 04/08/05
Terry McBride, Nettwerk Music Group 03/01/10
Michael McCarty, ole 06/20/11
Jim McDonald, McDonald Group 12/19/03
Virginia McEnerney, HeadCount 11/26/07
Doc McGhee, McGhee Entertainment 06/14/10
Camilla McGuinn, Tour Manager 08/24/07
Andy McLean, North By Northeast (NXNE) 04/01/05
Dennis McNally, Grateful Dead historian/publicist 09/06/02
Garry McQuinn, Back Row Productions 06/14/11
Ruthann McTyre, The Rita Benton Music Library; and president of the Music Library Association 08/31/10
Dick McVey, Musician's Referral Service 10/27/07
Katherine McVicker, Music Works International 01/08/15
John Meglen, Concerts West/AEG Live 02/21/13
Mark Meharry, Music Glue 05/28/15
Jorge Mejia, Sony/ATV Music Publishing 09/17/15
Dan Melnick, Festival Productions, Inc. 02/22/02
André Ménard, Festival International de Jazz de Montréal 06/12/09
Bob Merlis, Merlis For Hire/Memphis International Records 01/16/04
Doug Merrick, Cumberland Talent Agency and Merrick Music Group 07/21/06
Louis Messina, The Messina Group 10/22/04
Louis Messina, The Messina Group/AEG Live 07/17/09
Louis Jay Meyers, North American Folk Music and Dance Alliance 03/30/07
Louis Jay Meyers, Folk Alliance International 01/23/09
Todd Miller, House Of Blues - New Orleans 11/14/03
Jeff Miller, Fantasma Productions 03/16/07
Ben Miller, Rock Ridge Music 11/02/07
J. B. Miller, Empire Entertainment 08/22/08
Richard Mills, S.L. Feldman 11/02/09
Marty Monson, Barbershop Harmony Society 07/07/16
Linda Moran, Songwriters Hall of Fame (SHOF) 04/05/09
Jesse Morreale, Nobody In Particular Presents (NIPP) 09/20/02
Chuck Morris, Live Rocky Mountains 09/28/09
Mo Morrison, Independent production 05/24/02
Kevin Morrow, Steel Wool Entertainment 01/25/17
Nick Moss, Blue Bella Records 11/30/07
Jim Musselman, Appleseed Recordings 04/14/06
Natalia Nastaskin, United Talent Agency 04/13/16
Marc Nathan, Flagship Records 07/01/05
David Neilon, Rising Star Promotions 11/30/01
Don Neuen, Star Coaches Inc. 10/10/12
Dennis Newhall, DIG Music 10/07/05
John Nittolo, John Nittolo Productions 04/13/07
Ian Noble, Metropolitan Talent 05/23/03
Fabricio Nobre, A Construtora Música e Cultura 05/04/17
Josh Norek, JN Media, LLC 07/05/02
David Norman, Tour Manager 04/20/07
Mimi Northcott, Canadian Recording Services (CRS) 04/11/08
Bill Nowlin, Rounder Records 01/05/07
John Nugent, NY JAM Inc. 11/08/02
Andy Nulman, Just For Laughs 11/20/13
Sal Nunziato, NYCD 06/01/01
Bob O'Neal, Ryman Auditorium 06/28/02
Andrea Orbeck, Prehab Health and Fitness 03/15/10
Heather Orser, Toad's Place 01/29/01
Janet Oseroff, MultiMediaProperties 11/18/05
Marc Ostrow, Boosey & Hawkes 12/05/08
Riley O’Connor, Live Nation Canada 07/24/09
Jeremy Palmer, Buddy Lee Attractions 11/02/01
John Palmer, Megawave Records 08/31/07
Panos Panay, Sonicbids 12/23/05
Julien Paquin, Paquin Artists Agency 04/30/14
Graham Parker, WQXR-FM 11/26/14
Crispin Parry, British Underground 02/24/08
Donald Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 04/09/10
Donald S. Passman, Gang, Tyre, Ramer & Brown 01/06/16
Bruce Patron, Overland Entertainment 07/28/06
Alexandra Patsavas, Chop Shop Music 09/27/11
Cheryl Pawelski, Omnivore Entertainment Group 09/26/13
Kerry Peace, Alligator Records 08/18/06
Eric Peltoniemi, Red House Records 12/14/09
Scott Perry, Sperry Media 03/11/05
Lawrence Peryer, Jr., 23 Omnimedia 11/07/08
John Peters, MassConcerts 06/07/11
Holger Petersen, Stony Plain Records 04/15/05
Jon Phillips, Silverback Professional Artist Mgmt/Controlled Substance Sound 08/29/08
Dave Pichilingi, Sound City 03/30/16
Vince Pileggi, Music Inc./Music Inc. Sounds 12/01/06
Eric Pirritt, Endit! Presents / The Fox Theatre 10/17/03
Neil Portnow, The Recording Academy 02/08/11
Louis Posen, Hopeless Records 04/04/11
Stephen Posen, Estate of Glenn Gould 01/23/13
Nadia Prescher, Madison House 06/20/03
Jeff Price, TuneCore 02/28/11
Tom Principato, Powerhouse Records 02/01/08
Roger Probert, Core Records 12/08/06
John "Grinder" Procaccini, JP Squared (JP2) 01/17/03
Mark Pucci, Independent Music Publicist 09/09/05
David Pullman, The Pullman Group 11/03/00
Rod Quinton, Saigon Sound System 04/18/11
Dolphus Ramseur, Ramseur Records 10/19/07
Jack Randall, Ted Kurland Associates 04/05/02
Jack Randall, The Kurland Agency 03/08/17
Debra Rathwell, AEG Live 05/03/13
Jeff Ravitz, Visual Terrain 02/08/08
Paul Reed, Association of Independent Festivals (AIF) 06/14/17
Rich Rees, M.P.I. Talent Agency 09/19/08
John Reese, Freeze Artist Management 08/01/08
Bill Reeves, WRIII, Inc. 10/20/06
Stephen Rehage, Rehage Entertainment 07/30/04
Lisa Reiss, Pearl Productions 08/17/07
Salaam Remi, Composer, producer, musician and label executive. 01/08/14
David Renzer, Universal Music Publishing Group 08/23/09
Alison Richard, Universal Orlando Resort 05/06/05
Kelli Richards, The All Access Group 02/07/12
Gary Richards, HARD Events 08/29/13
Sam Righi, Waterfront Entertainment Group 05/30/03
Jon Rinaldo, Joker Productions 01/02/04
Geary Rindels, Geary Rindels Enterprises, Inc. 12/05/03
Doreen Ringer Ross, BMI 01/18/08
Lisette Rioux, Island Def Jam Music Group 05/16/03
Dave Roberge, Everfine Records & Everfine Artist Management 12/03/04
Sandy Roberton, Worlds End Producer Management 02/20/09
Ty Roberts, Gracenote 01/31/12
Bill Rogers, BRE Presents 07/13/07
Ian Rogers, Topspin Media 06/01/10
Benji Rogers, PledgeMusic 12/19/13
Dave Rose, Deep South Entertainment 09/15/06
Eric Rosen, Ronald S. Bienstock & Associates 05/25/01
Stuart Ross, The Ross Group 02/23/01
David Ross, President IAAM; Director, Show Me Center 09/23/05
Jack Ross, APA Canada 09/07/17
Bobby Rossi, Ruth Eckerd Hall 02/28/03
Michael Rothschild, Landslide Records 04/29/05
Robert Rowland, Red Entertainment 06/13/08
Bill Royston, Mt. Hood Jazz Festival 03/07/03
John Rudolph, Bug Music 05/24/10
Elizabeth Rush, E.R.A. / Elizabeth Rush Agency 08/20/04
Aran Rush, Expo and Foro Imperial 02/16/07
Maurice Russell, Harry Fox Agency 10/21/05
Barron Ruth, Skyline Music 02/14/03
Andrea Sabata, Skyline Music 01/07/05
Numa Saisselin, Count Basie Theatre, Inc. 02/04/05
Ron Sakamoto, Gold & Gold Productions 01/16/10
David Salidor, dis Company 07/20/07
Shaw Saltzberg, S. L. Feldman and Associates 06/21/10
Bruce Allen & Sam Feldman, A&F Music 12/19/08
Mark Samuels, Basin Street Records 06/11/04
Jacqueline Saturn, Harvest Records 01/21/15
Tamara Saviano, American Roots Publishing 07/22/05
Tamara Saviano, Author, journalist, and producer 08/18/16
Michael Scafuto, Mountain High Entertainment 12/07/01
Steve Schankman, Contemporary Productions 12/21/01
Steve Scharf, Carlin America 10/11/02
John Scher, Metropolitan Talent 11/21/08
Al Schmitt, Producer/Engineer 02/13/10
Bobby Schneider, Tour Coordinator, Third Eye Blind 01/31/03
Jake Schneider, Madison House 04/02/14
Steven Schnur, EA Music Group 07/03/13
Elaine Schock, Shock Ink 02/19/10
Stacy Schott, Mad Booking and Events 08/22/03
Daylle Schwartz, Revenge Productions 08/19/05
Dean Sciarra, 11/26/04
Joel Selvin, Author and Journalist 08/07/14
Jay Sendyk, Sendyk, Leonard & Company, Inc. 05/03/02
Jonathan Shank, Red Light Management 12/13/17
Peter Shapiro, Ideal Entertainment 04/16/04
Peter Shapiro, Dayglo Ventures/Brooklyn Bowl 11/15/17
Seth Sheck, Access Pass & Design 01/03/03
Seth Sheck, ACCESS Event Solutions 06/22/16
Seth Shomes, The Agency Group 11/12/14
Jay Sieleman, The Blues Foundation 07/18/03
Anya Siglin, The Ark 03/05/10
Bill Silva, Bill Silva Entertainment 10/19/10
Tom Silverman, Tommy Boy Entertainment 03/06/12
Steve Simon, Clear Channel Communications 05/14/04
Ralph Simon, Live Earth 07/06/07
Ralph Simon, Mobilium 04/12/11
Michael Simon, The Harry Fox Agency 08/14/13
Ron Simpson, RCS Productions 01/11/08
John Simson, SoundExchange 07/15/05
Dion Singer, Warner Bros. 12/07/09
Gram Slaton, The Community Arts Center 02/25/05
Owen Sloane, Gladstone Michel Weisberg Willner & Sloane 10/11/10
Peter Smidt, Eurosonic Noorderslag & manager Buma Cultuur 07/17/13
Garrison Snell, Gyrosity Projects 02/23/17
Mike Snider, Paradigm Talent Agency Nashville 05/17/11
Andrew Snowhite, Musictoday 05/04/01
Bruce Solar, The Agency Group 05/14/14
Nikki Solgot, Circle Talent Agency 02/18/15
Michael Solomon, Brick Wall Management 05/25/07
Mark Sonder, Mark Sonder Productions 07/25/08
Steve Sonnier, UIC Pavilion at the University of Illinois, Chicago 09/03/04
Kathy Spanberger, peermusic 06/20/12
Carolyn Specht, CIE USA Entertainment Inc. and OCESA PRESENTS Inc. 03/26/04
David Spelman, New York Guitar Festival 10/01/04
Jason Spiewak, Rock Ridge Music 04/07/06
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 11/29/12
Dan Steinberg, Square Peg Concerts 02/18/05
Jeremy Stephan, Ventures, LLC 04/23/04
Walter Stewart, Mars Talent Agency 02/21/03
Gail Stocker, Gail Stocker Presents 11/12/04
Jon Stoll, Fantasma Productions 10/13/00
Jesse Stoll, AEG 06/27/09
Henry Stone, Henry Stone Music 06/24/05
Jason Stone, Live Nation New York 03/31/06
Howard Stovall, Resource Entertainment Group 05/28/04
Cameron Strang, New West Records 10/18/02
Don Strasburg, AEG Live Rocky Mountains 02/27/09
Barbara Strauss, Sovereign Ventures 05/12/06
Richard Stumpf, Cherry Lane Publishing 08/07/06
Deb Suckling, SUGARRUSH Music 07/27/17
Patrick Sullivan, RightsFlow 10/25/11
Bernie Swain & Harry Rhodes, Jr., Washington Speakers Bureau 12/07/00
Dean Swett, Paramour Group 06/14/02
Jake Szufnarowski, Rocks Off 05/02/08
Marc Tanner, Chime Entertainment 12/22/06
Donald Tarlton, The Donald K Donald Group 04/12/02
Tess Taylor, Los Angeles Music Network 08/09/02
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Race Taylor, WPLJ - New York 10/27/06
Chris Taylor, Taylor 03/15/09
Peter Tempkins, DeWitt Stern Group 03/16/01
Peter Tempkins, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 03/27/09
Lisa Tenner, Tenner & Associates (EAT'M) 08/06/01
Jeremy Tepper, Diesel Only Records 10/10/03
Allan Tepper, Bicycle Music Company 09/28/07
Martin Terefe, Kensaltown Studios 05/31/11
Milun Tesovic, MetroLeap Media 10/18/09
Mandar Thakur, Times Music 08/06/15
Jerry Thompson, Promoter Line Inc. 03/05/04
Jose Tillan, MTV Networks Latin America 12/02/05
Jon Tiven, Hormone Studios 08/05/05
Adam Tobey, Concert Ideas 08/24/17
Rob Tonkin, Marketing Factory 12/17/15
John "J.T." Toomey, 25/8 Management 11/15/11
Livia Tortella, Warner Bros. Records 01/10/12
Phil Tripp, IMMEDIA! 01/19/06
Claudio Trotta, Barley Arts Promotion 11/26/01
Chris Tsakalakis, StubHub 01/11/10
Ben Turner, Graphite Media 05/10/10
Steve Vai, Favored Nations Entertainment 04/26/02
John Valentino, Fantasma Productions 04/18/03
John Valentino, AEG Live SE 11/01/10
Don Van Cleave, Coalition of Independent Music Stores 04/09/04
Casey Verbeck, Partners in Music 06/06/03
David "Boche" Viecelli, The Billions Corporation 04/18/10
Marsha Vlasic, Artist Group International 05/31/17
Mat Vlasic, Bravado 06/28/17
Ray Waddell, Billboard Magazine 08/27/04
Rob Waggener, Foundations Recovery Network 03/07/11
Jim Walczak, Racine Civic Centre 06/03/05
Jeff Walker, The AristoMedia Group 08/16/10
Carla Wallace, Big Yellow Dog Music 11/04/05
Russell Wallach, Live Nation Network 03/20/12
Steve Walter, The Cutting Room 10/24/08
Neil Warnock, The Agency Group 05/02/09
Diane Warren, Realsongs 08/14/09
Butch Waugh, RCA Label Group Nashville 01/10/03
Lauren Wayne, The State Theatre 05/09/12
Kirt Webster, Webster PR 02/03/16
Ken Weinstein, Big Hassle Media 04/22/05
Bruce Weinstein, Bethel Woods Center for the Arts 02/15/08
Larry Weintraub, Fanscape 05/18/01
Pam Weiser, Momentous Insurance Brokerage 10/11/11
Kevin Welk, Welk Music Group 01/24/12
D-J Wendt, Dmand Management 05/09/08
Alison Wenham, Worldwide Independent Network 02/13/09
Bill Werde, Billboard 08/03/11
Joel Whitburn, Record Research 11/13/09
Judd White, Tour Manager/Accountant 02/13/04
Jeff White, In Ticketing 12/16/06
Adam White, Author 09/14/16
Lisa White, Pearl Street Warehouse 10/04/17
Adam Wilkes, AEG Live Asia 10/13/16
Fenton Williams, 04/04/08
Del Williams, Right Arm Entertainment 04/18/08
Bryan "Birdman" Williams, Cash Money Records 09/13/11
Paul Williams, ASCAP 10/19/11
J.P. Williams, Parallel Entertainment 10/03/12
Kurt Willms, Green Room Productions 09/20/03
Chris Wilson, Heartbeat Records 03/02/07
Tony Wilson, Factory Records/In The City 06/01/07
Tom Windish, The Windish Agency 07/26/10
John Wiseman, XL Touring Video 05/05/06
Thom Wolke, 02/08/02
Michael Wood, City Lights Entertainment 08/08/08
Keith Wortman, Blackbird Presents 03/22/17
Nigel Wright, Independant Record Producer 11/07/03
Dusty Wright, 07/27/07
Jeremiah “Ice” Younossi, A-List Talent 09/20/09
Gail Zappa, The Zappa Family Trust 10/02/14
Kevin 'Chief' Zaruk, Chief Music Management 06/10/15
Ron Zeelens, RAZco Visas 04/20/01
Rick Zeiler, Sidney Frank Importing Company 06/04/04
Danny Zelisko, Live Nation 06/19/09
Jason Zink, Emporium Presents 10/19/17
Hillary Zuckerberg, Brick Wall Management. 07/09/04
Steve Zuckerman, Global Entertainment and Media Summit 03/22/02
Paul Zullo, Muze 01/23/04
Nanette Zumwalt, Hired Power 02/03/06


Return to front page of ENCORE

© 2001-2018 Gen-Den Corporation. All rights reserved.
CelebrityAccessSM and Gen-DenSM are service marks of Gen-Den Corporation.

** ENCORE readers and those that utilize ENCORE features are bound by the ENCORE NEWSLETTER USE AGREEMENT. If you choose not to be bound by this agreement, please discard the e-mail and notify us of your desire to be removed from future mailings. **